Geography Quiz / Country From the Origin of Name (Western Asia)

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Can you name the Country From the Origin of Name (Western Asia)?

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From the Hebrew Bible: a name given to the patriarch JacobAfter wrestling with God, Jacob's name was changed
Name self explanatoryUnion of 7 sheikhdoms
From the Arabic diminutive form of Kut or KoutMeaning 'fortress built near water'
Generally accepted to be a translation of the Biblical namePeleshet , usually transliterated as Philistia
'Home of the Free'Turkic: 'self', Sogdian: 'master', and Persian: 'land of'
After an eponymous river, the name of which derives from the Hebrew and Canaanite root for 'descend'i.e. to descend into the Dead Sea
'Land of the Aryans' or 'land of the free'
first attested in Zoroastrianism's Avesta tradition
'Arya' is from a Proto Indo-European root,
generally meaning 'noble' or 'free'
Probably derived from the Middle
Persian 'Erak', meaning 'lowlands'
Alternate theory: From the city of Erech/Uruk (Warka) near the river Euphrates, possibly the first Sumerian city
'Land of the ____s'
The ethnonym is derived from an ancient Turkic word
Ethnonym means 'independent; a free spirit',
reflecting their nomadic horseback culture
Uncertain etymology, most probably from Arabic ymnAlternative: From yamîn 'right-hand side' meaning 'south'
Alternative: From the yumn 'happiness' and is
related to the region's classical name Arabia Felix
First part of the name refers to the ruling dynasty and is from a patriarch whose name means 'constellation'Second part is from the Latin name, of uncertain though probably Semitic etymology, although as early as Ancient Egypt the region was known as Ar Rabi
Derived from Semitic root 'LBN': Linked to several closely related meanings in various languages, such as 'white' and 'milk' referring to snow capped eponymous mountainName found in three of the twelve tablets of the Epic of Gilgamesh (2900 BC), the texts of the library of Ebla (2400 BC), and the Bible (71 times in the Bible's Old Testament)
'Land of the Pure' in Urdu and Persian
Coined in 1933 without the 'i' by Choudhry Rahmat
Ali in his pamphlet Now or Never as an acronym
Referred to the names of the five northern regions
The letter i was incorporated to ease pronunciation and
form the linguistically correct and meaningful name
'Home of the ____', an ethnic group whose name derives from the Sogdian 'Turk-like', in reference to their status outside the Turkic dynastic mythological systemAlternative: Some modern scholars see the suffix as an intensifier, changing the meaning to 'pure Turk'
Pseudoetymology: After a mass conversion in 971
'Land of Aturpat', after a Hellenistic king from
south of the modern state; name meaning
'The Treasury' or 'Fire' or 'The Treasurer of Fire'
Name thought to have roots in the
once-dominant Zoroastrian religion
'Land of the ____s', an ethnic group whose name
derives from their endonym meaning 'created'
Medieval Khazar Empire on the northern shores of the Black and Caspian seas, was referred to as Tourkia
('land of the ____s') in Byzantine sources
'Land of the forty tribes'Forty and tribes from East-Turkic, Land from Persian
Reference is to the clans of Manas, a legendary hero who united forty regional clans against the Uyghurs
Meaning unknown
derived from the 8th century BC Luwian term
'Sura/i', and the derivative ancient Greek name
Probably related to Assyria, although Assyria
originally lay further east in modern Iraq
Earlier theory: From Siryon, Sidonian name for Mt Hermon, but the Çineköy inscription supports the Assyrian theory
'Home of the ____', a Persian-speaking ethnic group
Difficult to ascertain the origin of the ethnonym
The term is embroiled in 20th-century political
disputes about whether Turkic or Iranian peoples
were the original inhabitants of Central Asia
May be derived from the Tayy tribe and meaning 'Arab'
Etymology uncertain, appeared in Western Europe in numerous early medieval annals; it was folk etymologized to stem from a special reverence to a Syrian saintTheory: from Syriac Gurz-ān, traced to the Ancient Iranian and Middle Persian Vrkān or Waručān of uncertain origin, but resembling the eastern trans-Caspian toponym Gorgan, from the Middle Persian Varkâna 'land of the wolves'
Etymology uncertain; Probably related to Pliny the Elder's Omana and Ptolemy's Omanon, both probably the ancient SoharTypically etymologized in Arabic from aamen or amoun 'settled' people, as opposed to the bedouin
Alternatively: a number of eponymous founders have been proposed, including Biblical Lot, or the valley from which they are presumed to have come from
'The Land of the _____s'
The root has been used for the Pashtun people and the suffix means 'place of' in the local languages
Until the 19th century, it was used for the Pashtun tribal territories between the Hindu Kush and the Indus River
The ethnonym was used from the 10th century,and the present name possibly dates to that time
Present name appeared in an 1801 treaty and in many written works by historians, particularly by British Indians
The constitution gave it as the official name of the state
Etymology unknown; Latinized from Greek 'Land of the Armenioi' attested in the 5th century BC, from Old Persian Armina, attested in the late 6th century BCMay be a continuation of the Assyrian Armânum, conquered by Naram-Sin (2200 BC) identified with an Akkadian colony
Alternative: Variant of the Urmani or Urmenu appearing in an inscription of Menuas of Urartu, a proposed tribe of the Hayasa-Azzi known as the Armens or as a continuation of the Biblical Minni and Assyrian Minnai
Local tradition: Eponymous ancestor Aram sometimes equated with Arame, the earliest known king of Urartu
Strabo: From Armenius, a city in Thessaly
'The Two Seas' in Arabic: Which two seas meant is disputed
Folk etymology: The two seas mentioned 5 times in the Quran, but those refer to Saudi deserts opposite modern country
Theory: Acquired its name when that region became known as Al-Hasa, but today the name is generally taken to refer to the island itself
The two seas are then the bay east and west of the island, the seas north and south of the island, or the salt water surrounding the island and the fresh water beneath it which appears in wells and also bubbling up at places in the middle of the gulf
Alternate: two seas were the Great Green Ocean and a peaceful lake on the mainland
May derive from an ancient trading port or town in the region, which was known by the same name during its time

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