Geography Quiz / Country From the Origin of Name (South America)

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Can you name the country from an explanation of its origin? (South America)

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'Silvery Land': Derived from Latin for 'silver' from the legend about a mythical source of silver.First written use: 1602 poem by Martín del Barco Centenera.
First official use: 1826 constitution.
Theory: After 15th cent Picunche tribal chief Tili
Theory: After a town in Peru.
Theory: Onomatopoeic imitation of
the warble of the trile, a bird.
Theories: From various Native American words meaning: 'ends of the earth,' 'sea gulls,''cold,'
'snow,' or 'deepest point of the Earth.'
Name universalized by Conquistador Diego de Almagro.
Theory: Guaraní meaning, 'of many varieties', and 'riverine.'
Spanish officer, scientist Félix de Azara:
From either the tribe near the river, or its chief.
Other suggestions: 'River which originates a sea [i.e. the bog, originating in Brazil],' 'river that flows through the sea,' 'river of the habitants of the sea,' or 'river crowned.'
The river that gave its name to the country comes from Spanish settlers' interpretation of the Guaraní word the inhabitants of the region used to designate it.The river itself may have derived its name
from an indigenous bird or gastropod.
Named after a tree that once grew plentifully along the coast.Tree thought to be named for Latin meaning
'red like an ember,' after the red dye created from it.
After a leader in the Spanish American wars of independence.
May be derived from Birú, a local ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama, in the early 16th century.When Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, they came to be designated Birú
Alternatively may have been named after a
common Indian met by an exploratory mission.
From the Spanish form of equator.The equator runs through the country.
From Gran ____, name of pan-Hispanic state proposed by Francisco de Miranda
From the last name of the discoverer of the 'New World.'
Conceived by the Venezuelan revolutionary Francisco de Miranda as a reference to all the New World, but especially to those under the Spanish and Portuguese rule.
1499 Amerigo Vespucci, visiting the coast, named the area 'Little Venice', because he was reminded of the city by the stilt houses in the region.Alternative view, offered by a fellow crew member of Vespucci: evolved from the native word for the people inhabiting the area.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the name comes from an Amerindian word meaning 'land of many waters'.
May derive from a Taino (Arawak-speaking) indigenous people called Surinen.They inhabited the area at the time of European contact.

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