Geography Quiz / Capitals of Southern Europe, etymologically speaking

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Can you name the Capitals of Europe from a description of their etymology?

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EtymologyCapitalExtra Info
The name of the city is believed to have come from the city's founder and first king, Romulus, however it is possible that the derivation went the other way.Alternate theories: From Rumon or Rumen, archaic name of the Tiber, which in turn has the same root as the Greek verb ῥέω (rhèo) and the Latin verb ruo, which both mean 'flow'; from the Etruscan word ruma, whose root is *rum- 'teat', with possible reference either to the totem wolf that suckled the cognately named twins Romulus and Remus, or to the shape of the Palatine and Aventine Hills; from the Greek word ῤώμη (rhōmē), which means strength.
Named after the Goddess of Wisdom and War, and courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, mathematics, olive oil, strenght, the arts, crafts, and skill.Greek etiological myth had this goddess and Poseidon vying for the city. Poseidon produced a salt water spring, and this goddess created the olive tree, thus winning the support of the inhabitants. 19th century theories: from the Greek word meaning 'flower', or the stem of the verb 'to suck' denoting the fertile soil.
Named after its founder Saint Marinus, AD 301.
The exonym appeared with the arrival of the Lusignans. The French-speaking Crusaders either could not, or did not care to, pronounce the name Lefkosia, and called the city by an Italianized version.
'City on _____ Hill', from Italian for the site of the territory remaining to the state after the mid-19th-century Unification of Italy and upon its 1929 reestablishment.Name of the hill came from the Latin Mons _____us, from the verb 'to prophesy', in reference to the soothsayers who used the streets in the area during Roman times.
Name is thought to derive from the Celtic word windo-, meaning 'bright' or 'fair' – as in the Irish 'fionn' and the Welsh 'gwyn'.Alternate theory: from Vedunia, meaning 'forest stream'. Alternate theory: rom the Roman settlement of Celtic name Vindobona (Celtic 'windo-bona'), probably meaning 'white base/bottom [land]'.
Took its name from the Greek word for Anchor.
Named for the Grand Master of the Order of St. John who recovered a fort that had been lost to the Ottomans in 1565, and founded the city on the site.
From the ancient Greek for 'single-dwelling'
According to an ancient myth, Hercules passed through the area and turned away the previous gods
A temple was constructed there, it was the only temple or house of worship in the area, giving rise to its name
Etymology uncertain. Folk Etymology: Berchtold V, Duke of Zähringen, the founder of the city, named it after a bear, the first animal he saw.Previously thought that the city was named after the Italian city of Verona. Now more common to assume that the city was named after a pre-existing toponym of Celtic origin.
Name means: _____ the Old in Catalan.
First documented reference from Andalusan times as the Arabic Majrīṭ, named from a 9th century fort, meaning Place of abundant water; name retained in Medieval Spanish as MageriLegend: City founded by Ocno Bianor and was named 'Metragirta' or 'Mantua Carpetana'. Alternate theory: Name from 2nd century Roman Empire settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river.
Name can be traced back to Phoenician times. Some conjectures about the origin are linked to the legend that Odysseus (Ulysseus) founded the city after leaving Troy.Capital's name derivative of Latin Ulyssippo after Ulysses; Alternative hypothesis: settlement took the name of the pre-Roman word for Tagus (Lisso or Lucio). The city's name was written Ulyssippo in Latin by the geographer Pomponius Mela, a native of Hispania. It was later referenced as 'Olisippo' by Pliny the Elder and by the Greeks as Olissipo (Ὀλισσιπών) or Olissipona (Ὀλισσιπόνα).

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