Geography Quiz / Capitals of North America, etymologically speaking

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Can you name the Capitals of North America from a description of their origins?

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EtymologyCapitalExtra Info
Shares its name with the country and its famous canal; several theories about its origin. Possibly named after a commonly found species of tree (Sterculia apetaia).Or possibly from the indigenous language for 'many butterflies'; or from a beach whose name meant 'an abundance of fish.' Official textbooks combine the three theories: 'abundance of fish, trees, and butterflies.' Final theory states it is from the Kuna word for distant.
Named in honor of the general who led the revolution for independence and served as the first president of the country.Its original name, still used, was from a poetic name for the nation, and one of the names of its female personification. It was a Latin toponym from the discoverer of the New World.
Shares name with country. Named from the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire and the Valley in which it is located.Renamed because the Spanish found it easier to pronounce than its indiginous name. It is the largest city in the Western Hemisphere, and both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Native Americans.
Named after a nearby river, whose name was derived from the Algonquin word meaning 'to trade.'
Derived from the union of two words, the name of the nation and the name of the longest river in the country.Smallest capital in the continental Americas by population. One of the newest national capital cities in the world (1970).
Name means 'Holy Savior' in English, named by Pedro de Alvarado and Gonzalo de Alvarado.
Renamed after the patron saint of England, after being ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Paris.New Name: 1763; Colonial Capital: 1880s.
Named after Saint Dominic.
The oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the Americas.
The first seat of the Spanish colonial rule in the New World; the site of the first university, cathedral, castle, monastery, and fortress in the New World.
Possibly based on the name of a local Taíno chief Habaguanex.Alternate theory: derived from the Middle Dutch word havene, referring to a harbour.
Shares its name with the country, coming from the Nahuati word Cuauhtēmallān, or 'place of many trees,' a derivative of the K'iche' Mayan word for 'many trees.'This was the name the Tlaxcaltecan soldiers who accompanied Pedro de Alvarado during the Spanish Conquest gave to this territory.
Named after a fort of the same name and in honor of the House of William III, then a Dutch Stadtholder.Ultimately derived from a town located in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, that lies in the valley of the Lahn River between Bad Ems and Limburg an der Lahn
Named for the Apostle and author of the Fourth Gospel.
Named in honor of Joseph of Nazareth, the name of the patron saint of the first chapel erected on the site (1738).One of the youngest capital cities in Latin America by year of conception, though it was not named a capital until 1823.
The name originates from the indigenous Nahuatl term 'Mana-ahuac.' The name means 'adjacent to the water' or site 'surrounded by water.'
Uninhabited upon British arrival, city was named after one of the few traces of indigenous pre-existence on the island--A primitive structure over the Careenage area's swamp.
French naval commander Comte D'Estrées reported that there was no port named for this country.The Spanish governor Don Sebastien de Roteta reported the observation to the King.
Most commonly thought to derive from the Nahuatl word Taguz-galpa, meaning 'hills of silver,' though the natives were unaware of the existence of mineral deposits in the area.Other theories: Nahuatl 'Togogalpa,' referring to tototi, a small green parrot, or 'Toncontín,' a dance, or deriving from another language for a term for painted rocks; in Mexico it is thought to derive from the Nahuatl word 'Tecuztlicallipan,' 'place of residence of the noble' or 'Tecuhtzincalpan,' 'place on the home of the beloved master'; a final theory 'in the homes of the sharp stones.'
The French named places after what they found there, and named the settlement with their name for the roseaux reed.The reed grew along the river and the city shares its name with the river, which may have been named earlier.
It is named after the French ship that had first moored there in 1706.
Capital name translates to 'low land'; it lies in a large valley, sharing its name, one reason the French so named it.It is also so named due to the fact that the island is on the lee of winds of the island, and is thus a safe anchorage.
Charles Eugène Gabriel de La Croix, marquis de _____.He was the commander of a French expeditionary force to Corsica that year.
Origin of name unknown, but the city was founded for survivors of the 1692 earthquake destroying Port Royal.The city was built on a site named on a map as Colonel Barry's Hog Crawle.
Origin of name unknown.

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