Geography Quiz / Capitals of Europe, from previous names

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Can you name the Capitals of Europe from their previous or alternate names?

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Londinium, first recorded name, AD 121.Anglo-Saxon settlement (500): Lundenwic.
Roman Empire: Lutetia (more fully, Lutetia Parisiorum, 'Lutetia of the Parisii')
Hellssingeforss, GelsingforsAt present, it's official name is actually the Swedish form: Helsingfors
Aemstelredamme, first recorded use a document dated 27 October 1275, exempting its citizens from tolls.
ReykarvikOne of the letters of the original name vanished around 1300.
Kristiania (1877-1925)
Duna Urbs (2nd century), Portus Antiquus (Ancient Port, 12th century), Rie (English geographer Richard Hakluyt, 1589), Rija (German historian Dionysius Fabricius, 1610)
Brezalauspurc (AD 907), Preslava (AD 1000), Pressburg, Istropolis (Danube City)Wilsonov or Wilsonstadt was a proposed name as Woodrow Wilson supported national self-determination; present name was adopted in 1919.
Moskha
Ulpia Serdica (1st century), Serdonpolis, Triaditza (both from Byzantine sources.)City called Atralissa by the Arab traveler Idrisi and Strelisa, Stralitsa or Stralitsion by the Crusaders.
'Magerit' (9th century), after a fortress, and meaning 'Place of abundant water'. The Arabic Majrīṭ (1000), which was retained in Medieval Spanish as Magerit.According to legend, the city was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named 'Metragirta' or 'Mantua Carpetana.' Others contend that the original name of the city was 'Ursaria' because of the many bears.
Barri Antic, the old town and principal city since 1278.
Roman Empire: Vindobona
Supposedly mentioned as Farduzes in 12th-century manuscripts, but point is highly debated.
First recorded mention of the city: 'Brosella', by Saint Vindicianus, the bishop of Cambrai (695).
Hittites: Ankuwaš. Antiquity and Medieval times: Ánkyra (Ἄγκυρα, lit 'anchor') in Greek.Following annexation by Seljuk Turks in 1073, the city became known in many European languages as Angora; known in Ottoman Turkish as Enguri.
Ledra or Ledrae, one of the kingdoms built by Achaeans after the end of the Trojan War.City rebuilt by 'Leucus', supposed son of Ptolemy I, (300 BC or 200 BC), named after him: 'Leucoton' or 'Lefkotheon'. Byzantine times: The town was also referred to as Leukousia or Kallenikesis.
Crusaders (Order of St. John): Città Umilissima, or Humilissima Civitas
Illyrians: Tërana
Roman: Scupi. Bulgarians: Skopye. Ottoman: Üsküp. Known in the Western world as Uskub or Uskup, and sometimes Scopia or Skopia until 1912.Modern name became official in 1912. 'Shkup' or 'Shkupi' by people of the country's nationality, a minority.
Ptolemy: Eblana polis. Christian settlement (theororized) Duibhlinn. Viking settlement (841) Dyflin.
From founding (prior to 11th cent): Birziminium. Middle Ages: Ribnica. 1946 - 1992: Titograd.
Vrhbosna (the peak of Bosnia); Its founder, Isa-Beg Ishaković, referred to it as Šeher, meaning an advanced city of key importance.1st use of the modern name in a letter by Feriz Beg (1507). 1st use of the modern name (Italianized form) by a Westerner from Caterino Zeno (1550).
Boiinhaem, named by its founder King Boyya (1306 BC).Maroboden (Roman Empire), after a contemporary ruler; Casurgis, on a 2nd century map by Ptolemaios. Modern name was given in 9th century.
Agram (Austrian German exonym.)
3rd century BC: 'Singidūn' (Fortress). 1st Century Romans: Singidunum.
Roman city: Emona. Middle Ages: Laibach.
Celtic, later Roman settlement: Aquincum.

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