Geography Quiz / Capitals of Eastern Europe, etymologically speaking

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QUIZ: Can you name the Capitals of Europe from a description of their etymology?

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EtymologyCapitalExtra Info
Named for a castle; derived from an old Slavic word, práh, meaning 'ford' or 'rapid', referring to the city's origin at a crossing point of the Vltava river.Alternative: related to Czech word práh (threshold). Legend: Princess Libuše, who is said to have ordered the city 'to be built where a man hews a threshold of his house', referring to the rapids or fords in the river. May also refer to the shale hillside rock upon which the original castle was built.
'Belonging to Warsz', a shortened form of Warcislaw, a 12th/13th century nobleman who owned a village at the site of today's Mariensztat neighborhood.Folk etymology attributes the name of the city to a mermaid, Sawa, and a fisherman, Wars, who fell in love with her.
Origin uncertain. Tradition connects the name to Bucur, who was a prince, outlaw, fisherman, shepherd, or hunter depending on the particular story. The word stem means 'joy'.Evliya Çelebi, an Ottoman traveler, claimes it was named after a certain 'Abu-Kariș', from the tribe of 'Bani-Kureiș'. An early 19th-century book published in Vienna assumed its name has been derived from 'Bukovie', a beech forest.
Named for the river that runs through it.Ultimately the etymology is probably Uralic, perhaps Volga-Finnic (Mordvinic or Merya) for 'dark water'
The city's modern name is credited to Pavel Jozef Šafárik's misinterpretation of Braslav when analyzing medieval sources.
The origin of the name is unknown but there are several theories.Possibly derived from a river name, Měn.
1. From 'Theranda' - those living there called it Të ranat ('fallen material'), because the plain was formed as a result of materials which were brought by water from mountains.2. From 'Tirkan', a 1st century BC castle on Mt Dajti; 3. From 'Teheran', in remembrance of the victory by Sulejman Pasha, the city's founder. 4. Pasha asked an old lady what she was doing, she answered 'Po tir an' (spinning silk).
Name translates to 'White City' or 'White Castle'.
Named after one of the legendary founders of the city, the brothers Shchek, Kyi, and Khoryv, and their sister Lybid.Some speculate that the brothers may have been real princes from the tribe of Polans.
Origin uncertain. Possibly from archaic Romanian words for 'spring' and 'new'.Alternative: Derived from the Hungarian Kisjenő which comes from kis 'small' and the 'Jenő,' one of the seven Hungarian tribes that entered the Carpathian Basin in 896.
Name comes from the second oldest church in the capital. The Council of Serdica (343) in the predecessor building took place there.Name from Greek, and ultimately from Egyptian Kemetic word sbÅ, meaning 'star, door, teaching and wisdom'. Present name, popularized by Ottomans, was originally resisted by the church.
From 'Scupi' the name of a nearby Roman colony, though the Roman name was probably derived from an Illyrian name, the meaning of which is unknown.
Means 'Below the little hill' referring to the name of the cypress-covered hill that overlooks the city center.
Slavicized word based on the Turkish 'saray' meaning 'palace.' Suffix may refer tothe plains around the palace, or may have come from the widespread Slavic suffix used to indicate place names.
Origin of name surrounded in mystery. Many legends connect it with the word for 'to scoop', referring to a legend that a military leader drove his sabre into the ground,ordering his soldiers to dig for water, or to a city governor who ordered a girl to scoop water from a well. Alternatively may come from a term meaning 'beyond the hill (river bank)' or 'beyond the moat'.
The name is most likely a patronymic of a personal name.A false etymology connects the name with the Serbian word meaning 'ulcer' or 'tumor', referring to its 'boiling'.
The name was a combination of the names of two cities which were (together with Obuda) united into a single city in 1873. The origin of each of the constituent names are obscure.The first may come from its founder, Bleda, brother of Attila, or may be derived from Slavic for 'water', a translation of the Latin name Aquincum. The second may come from Roman times, or may be from the Slavic word for 'cave' or 'oven', in reference to a local limekiln.
Origin of name unclear. Some believe it to have been derived from the Slavic word for 'to love'.Others believe it was derived from the name of the river that runs through it, though others believe the derivation to be the other way. May also be related to the Old Slavic male name meaning 'the one of a lovely appearance'.

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