Geography Quiz / Capitals of Western Asia, etymologically speaking

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Can you name the Capitals of Asia from a description of their etymology?

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EtymologyCapitalExtra Info
Thought to have derived from: 'Foundation of (or Settlement of) the god Shalem. Shalem was the god of dusk in the Canaanite religion, his name is based on the same root for 'Peace'Thus many etymologies incorporate 'Peace' into an explanation of the meaning of the name. Modern form of name first appears in Joshua; according to a Midrash, the name is a combination of Yhwh Yir'eh ('God will see to it', the name given by Abraham to the place where he began to sacrifice his son) and the town 'Shalem'.
Took its name from the Greek word for Anchor.
Named after its country.
Named for the river that runs through it.Ultimately the etymology is probably Uralic, perhaps Volga-Finnic (Mordvinic or Merya) for 'dark water'
Name derives from the Canaanite-Phoenician be'erot ('wells'):Referring to the underground water table that is still tapped by the local inhabitants for general use.
Name likely derived from the South Arabian word for 'well-fortified':Echoing the meaning of an earlier Ethiopian name: Auzalites.
Name is composed of an Aramaic word meaning 'high place' or 'mountain' AND the Arabic word for God.Therefore the city is 'The Hill of God'
Modern Arabic: 'The big tree', referring to a prominent tree that stood at the site of the original fishing village, on the eastern coast.Alternatively, may have been derived from Arabic for 'bay' or 'gulf'.
Name Is a compound of two Middle Persian words translating to 'Bestowed by God: or 'God's gift'.
Derived from its name as the capital of the Ammonites.
Origin debated. Possibly Arabic origins from moscha, meaning an inflated hide or skin. Alternative: name means anchorage, or letting fall the anchor.Alternative: Old Persian meaning strong-scented; Arabic meaning falling-place, or hidden.
Name of capital is a proper name (usually male) of African origin.Name comes from the Arabic (of African origin) rawdah, meaning gardens or meadows, so named for the nature fertility of the region.
Derived from the Arabic word meaning 'the place of rest' or 'the place of dreams'.
Name originated in Aramaic, meaning 'a well-watered place'.
Origin of name uncertain, but it literally means 'Father of the Gazelle' in Arabic, possibly referring to the few gazelles that inhabited the area.Possibly after an old man who used to chase deer (dhabi) and was named the 'father' of the animal.
Name likely derived from the Urartian military fortress of Erebuni, founded on the location of the modern capital in 782 BC by Argishti I.Alternative theory: named after King Yervand (Orontes) IV. Early Christian writers attributed the origin of the name to a derivation from an expression exclaimed by Noah, in Armenian. After landing on Mount Ararat, looking in the direction of the city, Noah said in Armenian 'It Appeared!'
The name, literally meaning 'warm location', was given to the city because of the area's numerous sulphuric hot springs.
Derived from the Persian name of the city meaning 'Wind-pounded city'.Folk etymology: explains the name as derived from Old Persian words for 'God's town'. Partly for political reasons some propose the name means 'hill' from Turkic or the Lak language.

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