Literature Quiz / Candide: 6 Deposed Kings in Venice for Carnival

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Can you name the 6 Deposed Kings in Venice for Carnival, who dined with Candide and Martin?

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Kingdom, RuleDeposed RulerSelf-Introduction of Deposed Monarch
Ottoman sultan;
deposed 1730
“I was grand seignor for many years; I dethroned my brother, my nephew dethroned me, my viziers lost their heads, and I am condemned to end my days in the old seraglio. My nephew, the Grand Sultan Mahomet, gives me permission to travel sometimes for my health, and I am here to spend the Carnival at Venice.”
deposed, imprisoned 1741;
executed 1764
“I was once Emperor of all the Russias, but was dethroned while still in my cradle. My parents were locked up, and I was brought up in prison; yet I am sometimes allowed to travel, though always with persons to keep a guard over me, and I am here to spend the Carnival at Venice.”
Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland;
died in exile
“I am…, King of England, my father ceded his royal rights to me. I have fought in defence of my rights, and near a thousand of my friends have had their hearts taken out of their bodies alive, and thrown into their faces. I have myself been confined in a prison. I am going to Rome to visit the king my father, who was dethroned as well as myself and my grandfather; and I am here to spend the Carnival at Venice.”
elector of Saxony and king of Poland;
dethroned by Frederick the Great in 1756
“I am the King of Poland; the fortune of war has stripped me of my hereditary dominions. My father experienced the same vicissitudes of fate. I resign myself to the will of Providence, in the same manner as Sultan _____, the Emperor ____, and King _____ _____, to whom, I hope, God gives long lives; and I am here to spend the Carnival at Venice.”
father-in-law of Louis XV; deposed 1736;
duke of Lorraine
“I have twice lost my kingdom; but Providence has given me other dominions, where I have done more good than all the Sarmatian kings put together ever managed to do on the banks of the Vistula. I resign myself likewise to Providence; and am here to spend the Carnival at Venice.”
ruled for eight months;
tried unsuccessfully to regain throne;
lived in poverty in England after 1749
“I am not so great a prince as the rest of you, it is true, but I am, however, a crowned head. I am _____, elected king of Corsica. I have had the title of majesty, and am now barely treated with common civility. I have coined money and am now not worth a single ducat. I have had two secretaries, and am now without valet. I was once seated on a throne, and since then have lain upon a truss of straw in a common jail in London, and I very much fear I shall meet with the same fate here in Venice, where I’ve come, like your majesties, to divert myself at the Carnival.”

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