A line which intersects a differentiable curve at a point where the slope of the curve equals the slope of the line.

T (1)

A cycloid hanging downwards; its special property is that a bead sliding down frictionless wire of this shape will take the same amount of time to reach the bottom no matter how high or low the release point.

T (2)

The power series in x – a for a function f .

T (1)

To cover a plane with identically shaped pieces which do not overlap or leave blank spaces; pieces do not have to be oriented identically.

T (1)

An assertion that can be proved true using the rules of logic; proven from axioms, postulates, or lemmas.

T (2)

A linear asymptote (slant) that is neither horizontal nor vertical.

T (2)

A set of basic functions used as building blocks for more complicated functions; also known as parent functions.

T (1)

Branch of mathematics that explores those properties of geometrical figures that do not change when the figures are deformed by bending, stretching, or molding.

T (1)

A surface of revolution obtained by revolving (in three dimensional space) a circle about a line which does not intersect the circle.

T (2)

Real numbers that cannot be a root of a polynomial equation with integer coefficients.

T (4)

A matrix which is formed by turning all the rows of a given matrix into columns and vice-versa.

T (1)

US usage: A quadrilateral with no parallel sides; UK usage: A quadrilateral which has one parallel pair of opposite sides and one non-parallel pair of opposite sides.

1st Letter/# Words

Term

Hint

T (1)

UK usage: A quadrilateral with no parallel sides; US usage: A quadrilateral which has one parallel pair of opposite sides and one non-parallel pair of opposite sides.

T (1)

A method of locating the position of an object by observing the direction and/or distance to the object from two or more observation points.

T (1)

The property of real numbers which guarantees that for any two real numbers a and b, exactly one of the following must be true: a < b, a = b, or a > b.

T (1)

A solution or example that is ridiculously simple and of little interest.

T (2)

Prime numbers that are two apart from each other, such as 3 and 5.

U (2)

An infinite set that cannot have its elements put into one-to-one correspondence with the set of integers.

U (4)

A linear system of equations that has fewer equations than variables.

U (5)

Any number that is greater than or equal to all of the elements of the set.

U (5)

The parallelogram formed by connecting the midpoints of adjacent sides of a quadrilateral.

V (1)

The horizontal line drawn as part of a fraction or radical, serving the same function as parentheses.

W (1)

The region between two concentric circles which have different radii.

X (1)

Differs from roots or zeros of a function, in that they must be real numbers.

Z (2)

The property of a point that indicates no motion is possible without leaving that point.

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