Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
-penia
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
dys-
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
inflammation of a vein
-lith
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
-rrhage
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
blockage or closure
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
sphygm/o
inflammation of the renal pelvis
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
disease of the heart muscles
inflammation of the valves of the heart
condition of fluid in the ureters
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
enur/o
protrusion of the bladder
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
aort/o
the lower pointed end of the heart
ather/o
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
-ectasia
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
poly-
steth/o
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
pulmon/o
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
sudden
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
examination of the bladder
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
thromb/o
pancytopenia
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
plas/o
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
aden/o
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
-ptosis
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
pertaining to the pulse
-tripsy
-cele
ARF
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
open or exposed
pyel/o
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
abnormal heart sound
-iasis, -esis
scler/o
noct/i
-oid
absence of urine formation
-stenosis
process of releasing urine from the bladder
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
pertaining to both arteries and veins
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
varic/o
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
small vein
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
inner lining of the heart
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
pertaining to the anterior left chest
involuntary discharge of urine
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
tel-
painful urination
-scopy
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
py/o
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
meat/o
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
excision of the bladder
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
olig/o
outer lining of the heart
recording of the force and flow of urine
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
-emia
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
suturing of the bladder
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
automated count of all blood cells
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
radiologic recording of the bladder
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
coron/o
cyst/o, vesicul/o
interior space of a vessel
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins

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