Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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QUIZ: Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
small vein
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
-iasis, -esis
thromb/o
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
interior space of a vessel
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
aort/o
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
steth/o
automated count of all blood cells
dys-
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
-scopy
absence of urine formation
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
pulmon/o
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
poly-
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
inflammation of the renal pelvis
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
inflammation of the valves of the heart
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
blockage or closure
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
condition of fluid in the ureters
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
examination of the bladder
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
radiologic recording of the bladder
inflammation of a vein
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
painful urination
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
-stenosis
excision of the bladder
aden/o
-ptosis
scler/o
varic/o
pertaining to the pulse
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
py/o
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
the lower pointed end of the heart
-cele
inner lining of the heart
ather/o
cyst/o, vesicul/o
pancytopenia
plas/o
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
protrusion of the bladder
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
involuntary discharge of urine
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
pyel/o
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
enur/o
ARF
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
recording of the force and flow of urine
coron/o
meat/o
tel-
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
-tripsy
-oid
-emia
sudden
-penia
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
pertaining to the anterior left chest
olig/o
open or exposed
process of releasing urine from the bladder
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
suturing of the bladder
noct/i
-rrhage
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
pertaining to both arteries and veins
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
-ectasia
-lith
sphygm/o
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
outer lining of the heart
disease of the heart muscles
abnormal heart sound

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