Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
inflammation of a vein
-cele
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
-oid
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
-tripsy
automated count of all blood cells
pertaining to both arteries and veins
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
pertaining to the pulse
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
steth/o
-rrhage
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
absence of urine formation
olig/o
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
inner lining of the heart
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
-stenosis
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
excision of the bladder
-ectasia
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
-lith
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
enur/o
-penia
meat/o
ather/o
small vein
pancytopenia
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
-ptosis
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
varic/o
-emia
disease of the heart muscles
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
tel-
inflammation of the valves of the heart
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
coron/o
dys-
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
protrusion of the bladder
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
ARF
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
pertaining to the anterior left chest
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
blockage or closure
abnormal heart sound
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
radiologic recording of the bladder
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
sphygm/o
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
condition of fluid in the ureters
interior space of a vessel
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
aort/o
noct/i
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
process of releasing urine from the bladder
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
-scopy
aden/o
suturing of the bladder
the lower pointed end of the heart
painful urination
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
-iasis, -esis
sudden
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
examination of the bladder
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
scler/o
cyst/o, vesicul/o
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
involuntary discharge of urine
outer lining of the heart
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
plas/o
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
py/o
pulmon/o
recording of the force and flow of urine
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyel/o
open or exposed
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
thromb/o
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
poly-

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