Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
-stenosis
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
-rrhage
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
inflammation of the renal pelvis
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
automated count of all blood cells
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
recording of the force and flow of urine
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
meat/o
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
enur/o
plas/o
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
-oid
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
pertaining to both arteries and veins
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
blockage or closure
olig/o
sphygm/o
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
-lith
the lower pointed end of the heart
ARF
open or exposed
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
disease of the heart muscles
scler/o
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
pancytopenia
small vein
noct/i
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
inflammation of a vein
-tripsy
thromb/o
aden/o
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
interior space of a vessel
py/o
inflammation of the valves of the heart
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
process of releasing urine from the bladder
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
pertaining to the anterior left chest
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
-penia
varic/o
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
protrusion of the bladder
radiologic recording of the bladder
examination of the bladder
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
painful urination
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
sudden
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
abnormal heart sound
pulmon/o
pertaining to the pulse
-cele
-iasis, -esis
dys-
-emia
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
inner lining of the heart
ather/o
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
involuntary discharge of urine
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
cyst/o, vesicul/o
-ptosis
aort/o
steth/o
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
-scopy
suturing of the bladder
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
coron/o
outer lining of the heart
-ectasia
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
tel-
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
poly-
pyel/o
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
condition of fluid in the ureters
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
excision of the bladder
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
absence of urine formation

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