Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
inflammation of the valves of the heart
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
involuntary discharge of urine
recording of the force and flow of urine
small vein
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
coron/o
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
-penia
sudden
pertaining to both arteries and veins
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
-cele
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
-rrhage
-scopy
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
pancytopenia
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
radiologic recording of the bladder
poly-
py/o
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
disease of the heart muscles
steth/o
-iasis, -esis
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
abnormal heart sound
olig/o
open or exposed
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
-oid
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
cyst/o, vesicul/o
examination of the bladder
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
sphygm/o
dys-
process of releasing urine from the bladder
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
aden/o
thromb/o
inflammation of a vein
absence of urine formation
excision of the bladder
pyel/o
outer lining of the heart
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
automated count of all blood cells
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
enur/o
plas/o
aort/o
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pulmon/o
inner lining of the heart
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
tel-
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
noct/i
painful urination
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
interior space of a vessel
-emia
blockage or closure
pertaining to the pulse
pertaining to the anterior left chest
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
-stenosis
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
the lower pointed end of the heart
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
ather/o
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
protrusion of the bladder
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
varic/o
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
scler/o
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
-ptosis
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
condition of fluid in the ureters
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
-lith
suturing of the bladder
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
-tripsy
meat/o
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
ARF
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
-ectasia
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen

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