Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
steth/o
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
thromb/o
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
small vein
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
inner lining of the heart
involuntary discharge of urine
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
-cele
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
pertaining to the anterior left chest
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
inflammation of the valves of the heart
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
-ectasia
poly-
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
pulmon/o
dys-
excision of the bladder
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
recording of the force and flow of urine
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
-ptosis
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
protrusion of the bladder
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
-emia
process of releasing urine from the bladder
-lith
aort/o
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
enur/o
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
py/o
abnormal heart sound
-oid
inflammation of the renal pelvis
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
absence of urine formation
outer lining of the heart
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
radiologic recording of the bladder
sphygm/o
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
inflammation of a vein
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
pertaining to both arteries and veins
scler/o
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
ather/o
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
noct/i
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
condition of fluid in the ureters
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
aden/o
pyel/o
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
varic/o
coron/o
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
interior space of a vessel
automated count of all blood cells
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
plas/o
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
cyst/o, vesicul/o
tel-
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
the lower pointed end of the heart
disease of the heart muscles
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
-tripsy
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
olig/o
sudden
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
-stenosis
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
meat/o
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
blockage or closure
painful urination
-scopy
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
examination of the bladder
pancytopenia
pertaining to the pulse
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
open or exposed
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
suturing of the bladder
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
-penia
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
ARF
-iasis, -esis
-rrhage

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