Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 2

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Can you name the Medical Terminology Exam Review 2?

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Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
a reservoir in each kidney that collects urine
inefficiency of cardiac circulation causing edema and pulmonary congestion
-iasis, -esis
pertaining to both artria and ventricles
build up of plaque or fatty paste inside arterial walls
heart valve between the right atrium and right ventricle; also called a smilunar valve due to the half moon shape of its three cusps
-emia
Test done to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period, to assess kidney function
poly-
creating a surgical opening into the bladder
rapid irregular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
blockage or closure
One of several capillary clusters at the entrance of each nephron that initiates the process of filtering of the blood
abnormal heart sound
pancytopenia
test to measure the total amount of creatinine excreted in the urine, usually in a 24 hour period to assess kidney function
large vein carrying blood to the heart from the upper part of the body
protrusion of the bladder
increase of mononuclear leukocytes with symptoms of fever, enlarged cervical lymph nodes and fatigue
upper receiving chamber of the heart; right and left
large VEIN carrying blood to the heart from the lower part of the body
-ectasia
narrowing of the mitral valve opening usually caused by scarring from rheumatic fever
abnormal presence of clotting within a blood vessel
noct/i
medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system
-scopy
edema that retains an indentation of a finger that had been pressed firmly on skin
pulmon/o
inner lining of the heart
aort/o
microscopic thin walled vessel connecting arterioles and venules where gas nutrient and waste exchange take place between the blood and cells of the body
removal and replacement of a patient's own blood or donor blood after specific components have been removed
disorder in which hemoglobin is unable to transport oxygen due to a lack of iron
aden/o
automated count of all blood cells
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the underside of the penis
recording of the force and flow of urine
blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood; used to evaluate kidney function
enur/o
excision of the bladder
-cele
process of making a radiologic recording of the urinary tract after injection of a contrast dye into the blood stream
incision into a vein to inject a solution or withdraw blood
interior space of a vessel
ARF
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
meat/o
dilation of an artery; usually to do a weakness in the wall of said artery
disease of the heart muscles
sphygm/o
middle muscular layer of heart tissue
the largest lymph vessels that transport lymph to the venous system
heart valve between the left atrium and left ventricle; also called a bicuspid valve
-tripsy
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder
open or exposed
involuntary discharge of urine
denotes an extremely toxic pathogen
pertaining to the condition of narrowing
thromb/o
heart valve between the left ventricle and aorta
-stenosis
painful urination
inflammation of a vein
py/o
sudden
the relaxation phase of the ventricles in the heartbeat cycle
surgical fixation of a drooping kidney
blood donated for future use by same patient; usually presurgical
disorder involving low levels of platelets in blood
pertaining to the pulse
vessel carrying blood away from the heart
pertaining to a blue or purple discoloration due to deoxygenated blood
absence of urine formation
blockage of a coronary vessel often leading to a myocardial infarction
backward movement of the mitral valve cusps allowing regurgitation
opening that carries urine from the urethra to the outside of the body
rapid regular muscular contractions of the atria or ventricles
-lith
compression of the heart due to an increase of fluid in the pericardium
ather/o
-rrhage
process of releasing urine from the bladder
excessive absorption and storage of dietary iron in body tissues causing dysfunction
varic/o
outer lining of the heart
accumulation of excess fluid in intercellular spaces; can be caused by blockage of lymph vessels
inflammation of the valves of the heart
cyst/o, vesicul/o
phleb/o, ven/i, ven/o
drug that stops the flow of blood within vessels
olig/o
Stem/Word/DefinitionMeaning/word
-ptosis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
tel-
suturing of the bladder
vascular blockage made up of a thrombus, bacteria, air, plaque, and/or other foreign material
lower pumping chamber of the heart; right and left structures
breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused ultrasound energy
hardening or loss of elasticity of the arteries
scler/o
chest pain or pressure resulting from lack of blood flow to the myocardium
wall of the heart tissue separating the right and left sides
disorder in which bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is on the upper surface of the penis
condition of excreting increased amounts of urine
the lower pointed end of the heart
process of making a radiologic recording of the bladder and urethra during urination after instillation of a contrast dye into the bladder
dialtion of small or terminal vessels
chest pains and other signs and symptoms associated with cardia ischemia
forceful or irregular heart beat felt by the patient
removal of a small amount of fluid and cells from inside the bone with a needle and syringe
removal of waste products from the blood by pumping the blood through a machine that works as an artificial kidney
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o
condition of fluid in the ureters
plas/o
coron/o
pyel/o
-penia
small parasitic worms that are transmitted by mosquitoes
steth/o
sac around the heart that facilitates movement of the heart as it beats
condition of luid in the kidneys; a buildup of urine caused by obstruction of urine flow usually due to a stone or stricture
pertaining to the anterior left chest
dys-
recording of kidney function after injection of a radioactive substance into the blood stream; note that this is not an xray view
disorder caused by a genetic defect resulting in low hemoglobin production
radiologic recording of the bladder
narrowing of coronary arteries causing a decrease of blood flow or ischemia to the myocardium
largest artery that begins as an arch from the left ventricle
small vein
pertaining to both arteries and veins
pertaining to the swollen or twisted veins
examination of the bladder
pertaining to a lack of blood flow
intravascular insertion of a hollow mesh tube designed to keep a vessel open or patent
spread of microorganisms or toxins through circulating blood
-oid

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