Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
tachy-
-osis
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
macro-
gluc,glyc/o
en-,end-,endo-
lying face up
supra-, super-
per-
infer/o
bi-, di-
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
-scope
xanth/o
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
related to a disease of unknown cause
cephal/o
mega-, megalo-
micro-
ventr/o
anti-, contra-
bucc/o
-plasty
inter-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
oste/o
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
-ism,-ia,-y
Means 'lying down'
hetero-
Burp or belch
proct/o
-megaly
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-graphy
medi/o
aden/o
lingu/o
quad-,quadri-
-rrhea
jejun/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
hyper-
blast/o
ile/o
hypo-
dors/o
-emia
eu-
pan-
sym-,syn-
-tripsy
central abdominal region
-tomy
ultra-
normo-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
later/o
cyan/o
-centesis
dis-
a scratch mark on the skin
-oma
cyt/o
crani
-algia
in-,im-,non-
troph/o
gastr-
fibr/o
-stomy
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
epitheli/o
de-
brachi/o
poly-
ex-
lith/o
seb/o
sub-, infra-
Cardi-
aliment/o
cholecyst/o
tri-
lei/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
pre-
-itis
anter-
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
homo-,homeo-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
rhytid/o
pseudo-
ad-
-gram
ab-
-meter
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
-oid
-rrhaphy
dermat-
commonly called a scar
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
uni-, mono-
re-
lumb/o
cervic/o
peri-
-scopy
relating to the groin
-logy
lapar, abdomin/o
-plasia
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
cec/o
-genic, -genesis
pachy/o
acr/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
sial/o
dys-
onych/o
outer layer of skin
lip/o
labi, cheil/o
multi-
trich/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
hem/hemat/o
reythr/o
-ectomy
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
ecto-, exo-
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
post-
pulmon/o
hist/o
-cele
nephr, ren
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
caud/o
peps/o
-ole
chol/o
xer/o
-stasis
trans-
-pathy
viscer/o
chlor/o
leuk/o
thorac/o
the study of cause of disease
-logist, -ist
proxim/o
chrom/o
-ium
disk
neo-
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
melan/o
iso-
py/o
a-,an-
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
brady-
cerebr-
hemi-,semi-
intra-
Col, colon

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