Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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QUIZ: Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
hist/o
dys-
-rrhaphy
-stomy
tachy-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
-scopy
peps/o
central abdominal region
intra-
brady-
re-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
abdominal region below the umbilical region
lying face up
-plasty
lei/o
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
homo-,homeo-
fibr/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
proxim/o
brachi/o
cerebr-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
a scratch mark on the skin
supra-, super-
labi, cheil/o
hypo-
peri-
Cardi-
py/o
-cele
the study of cause of disease
micro-
chlor/o
-logy
-ism,-ia,-y
rhytid/o
a-,an-
gluc,glyc/o
iso-
cyan/o
-emia
pulmon/o
dors/o
hyper-
infer/o
related to a disease of unknown cause
cyt/o
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
lumb/o
epitheli/o
cervic/o
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
disk
melan/o
anter-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
en-,end-,endo-
cholecyst/o
hetero-
cephal/o
outer layer of skin
uni-, mono-
ad-
-ectomy
Means 'lying down'
troph/o
-scope
ex-
acr/o
-tomy
aliment/o
leuk/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
sial/o
lith/o
blast/o
normo-
per-
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
reythr/o
-graphy
-gram
hemi-,semi-
sub-, infra-
-osis
seb/o
lapar, abdomin/o
pre-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
chol/o
-stasis
oste/o
pseudo-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
onych/o
post-
-plasia
proct/o
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
neo-
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
dis-
tri-
-oma
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
chrom/o
-rrhea
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
ile/o
-pathy
in-,im-,non-
poly-
nephr, ren
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
xer/o
dermat-
-logist, -ist
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
caud/o
cec/o
lip/o
-ole
inter-
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
medi/o
de-
-itis
hem/hemat/o
crani
bucc/o
thorac/o
-meter
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
-megaly
eu-
relating to the groin
ultra-
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
Col, colon
ab-
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
-tripsy
ventr/o
multi-
jejun/o
aden/o
lingu/o
-oid
Burp or belch
macro-
pachy/o
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
later/o
gastr-
-centesis
trans-
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
anti-, contra-
commonly called a scar
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
xanth/o
-algia
mega-, megalo-
-genic, -genesis
ecto-, exo-
sym-,syn-
quad-,quadri-
bi-, di-
pan-
viscer/o
-ium
trich/o

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