Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
cyan/o
hypo-
rhytid/o
supra-, super-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
chlor/o
dermat-
-tomy
-centesis
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
-meter
later/o
ad-
jejun/o
-megaly
proct/o
-plasia
-ium
a-,an-
lying face up
brachi/o
troph/o
peps/o
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
in-,im-,non-
-rrhaphy
ile/o
hetero-
multi-
leuk/o
dys-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
brady-
-algia
a scratch mark on the skin
xer/o
-osis
quad-,quadri-
hist/o
ex-
lapar, abdomin/o
infer/o
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
tachy-
inter-
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
lei/o
tri-
-genic, -genesis
nephr, ren
trans-
gluc,glyc/o
viscer/o
outer layer of skin
ab-
hem/hemat/o
cec/o
per-
-tripsy
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-scope
commonly called a scar
post-
hyper-
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
peri-
sub-, infra-
Cardi-
medi/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
fibr/o
onych/o
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
lith/o
cephal/o
sial/o
cholecyst/o
Means 'lying down'
aden/o
-pathy
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
thorac/o
macro-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
the study of cause of disease
epitheli/o
proxim/o
gastr-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
-ole
anter-
aliment/o
cerebr-
poly-
cervic/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
-logist, -ist
-ism,-ia,-y
pachy/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
homo-,homeo-
crani
hemi-,semi-
-ectomy
bucc/o
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
cyt/o
trich/o
-logy
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
pre-
-oma
blast/o
-itis
-emia
-stasis
seb/o
relating to the groin
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-rrhea
neo-
central abdominal region
micro-
pan-
acr/o
chol/o
melan/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
pulmon/o
bi-, di-
en-,end-,endo-
-graphy
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
-gram
dis-
dors/o
related to a disease of unknown cause
mega-, megalo-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
-stomy
de-
sym-,syn-
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
disk
xanth/o
lingu/o
iso-
ultra-
lip/o
Burp or belch
intra-
uni-, mono-
oste/o
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
reythr/o
pseudo-
-oid
chrom/o
-scopy
-cele
lumb/o
-plasty
Col, colon
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
py/o
labi, cheil/o
normo-
ecto-, exo-
ventr/o
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
anti-, contra-
eu-
re-
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
caud/o
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head

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