Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
blast/o
ecto-, exo-
-logy
-ole
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
hypo-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
-emia
nephr, ren
dermat-
chrom/o
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
acr/o
-tripsy
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
de-
hist/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
-pathy
poly-
-plasia
re-
sial/o
Cardi-
chol/o
the study of cause of disease
-oid
lying face up
lingu/o
mega-, megalo-
lip/o
cholecyst/o
sym-,syn-
-logist, -ist
cerebr-
per-
-stasis
commonly called a scar
in-,im-,non-
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
sub-, infra-
ad-
oste/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
eu-
-oma
pulmon/o
-megaly
chlor/o
hyper-
bucc/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
anti-, contra-
-meter
disk
gluc,glyc/o
caud/o
-ism,-ia,-y
dors/o
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
aliment/o
epitheli/o
-rrhaphy
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
-ium
-genic, -genesis
reythr/o
jejun/o
ex-
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
anter-
viscer/o
thorac/o
medi/o
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
pseudo-
cyt/o
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
seb/o
en-,end-,endo-
a-,an-
related to a disease of unknown cause
rhytid/o
dys-
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
pachy/o
micro-
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
melan/o
Col, colon
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
macro-
iso-
later/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
gastr-
-scopy
onych/o
aden/o
xer/o
-plasty
quad-,quadri-
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
-itis
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
-tomy
dis-
crani
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
-graphy
hem/hemat/o
-osis
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
-cele
peps/o
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
ultra-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
tachy-
pan-
-stomy
-centesis
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
cephal/o
brady-
-algia
central abdominal region
pre-
troph/o
bi-, di-
lei/o
-ectomy
tri-
Means 'lying down'
leuk/o
a scratch mark on the skin
Burp or belch
cervic/o
-gram
ab-
neo-
peri-
-scope
inter-
cec/o
cyan/o
outer layer of skin
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
ile/o
py/o
lapar, abdomin/o
brachi/o
hemi-,semi-
lumb/o
uni-, mono-
supra-, super-
infer/o
ventr/o
lith/o
normo-
labi, cheil/o
xanth/o
fibr/o
relating to the groin
abdominal region below the umbilical region
trans-
trich/o
proct/o
-rrhea
homo-,homeo-
proxim/o
post-
intra-
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
hetero-
multi-

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