Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
de-
dys-
re-
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
abdominal region below the umbilical region
rhytid/o
peri-
chlor/o
fibr/o
blast/o
caud/o
intra-
later/o
brady-
-osis
-logist, -ist
thorac/o
per-
sial/o
lying face up
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
leuk/o
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
poly-
-ium
infer/o
-genic, -genesis
xer/o
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
-plasia
hetero-
lingu/o
commonly called a scar
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
-ism,-ia,-y
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
macro-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
gastr-
gluc,glyc/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
-gram
relating to the groin
onych/o
multi-
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
ab-
bucc/o
dis-
troph/o
pre-
neo-
a scratch mark on the skin
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
lumb/o
ecto-, exo-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
-ectomy
-cele
nephr, ren
dors/o
oste/o
-oma
seb/o
-tomy
hemi-,semi-
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
ex-
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
-stasis
-rrhaphy
cerebr-
cervic/o
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
chrom/o
epitheli/o
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
aden/o
iso-
sym-,syn-
peps/o
proct/o
cholecyst/o
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
hypo-
-plasty
pseudo-
en-,end-,endo-
proxim/o
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
a-,an-
disk
-logy
medi/o
-emia
Cardi-
acr/o
hem/hemat/o
mega-, megalo-
-scope
ultra-
ad-
trich/o
chol/o
abdominal region above the umbilical region
dermat-
labi, cheil/o
post-
Col, colon
jejun/o
ile/o
bi-, di-
Means 'lying down'
aliment/o
hist/o
anti-, contra-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
cyan/o
-scopy
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
cephal/o
uni-, mono-
-megaly
-itis
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
hyper-
lip/o
-oid
-ole
pachy/o
pulmon/o
trans-
sub-, infra-
py/o
-rrhea
-algia
the study of cause of disease
crani
-pathy
eu-
melan/o
-meter
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
homo-,homeo-
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
-tripsy
tri-
quad-,quadri-
reythr/o
lei/o
viscer/o
-stomy
pan-
inter-
ventr/o
supra-, super-
anter-
normo-
cyt/o
tachy-
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
outer layer of skin
xanth/o
central abdominal region
-graphy
Burp or belch
-centesis
in-,im-,non-
cec/o
lith/o
brachi/o
lapar, abdomin/o
related to a disease of unknown cause
micro-

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