Science Quiz / Medical Terminology Exam Review 1

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Can you name the medical terms?

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Stem/WordDefinitionExample
dors/o
lip/o
homo-,homeo-
glands that secrete sweat to the outside of the body
normo-
-tripsy
hemi-,semi-
related to a disease of unknown cause
outer layer of skin
Means 'lying down'
fibr/o
multi-
sym-,syn-
-scopy
chrom/o
aliment/o
pseudo-
hypo-
pachy/o
quad-,quadri-
jejun/o
Burp or belch
inter-
peps/o
chol/o
black, tarry stools due to the presence of occult blood
-ium
melan/o
anter-
dis-
-stomy
relating to the groin
reythr/o
lith/o
poly-
abdominal region below the umbilical region
py/o
injury producing discoloration and swelling without causing a break in the skin
sub-, infra-
-stasis
mega-, megalo-
ultra-
protein found in the hair and nails that promotes hardness
viscer/o
uni-, mono-
-algia
aden/o
central abdominal region
layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to the surface muscles
the study of cause of disease
-gram
lingu/o
rhytid/o
Col, colon
tachy-
-genic, -genesis
cyan/o
tri-
in-,im-,non-
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
-plasia
ab-
seb/o
hetero-
eu-
-scope
re-
ile/o
leuk/o
neo-
xer/o
The sliding of one section of the intestine into an adjacent section; much like the parts of a collapsable telescope
lumb/o
nephr, ren
lapar, abdomin/o
a twisting of the intestine that can cause obstruction
-rrhea
cervic/o
a contagious bacterial skin infection typically occurring on the face of children
ex-
pre-
-emia
gastr-
epitheli/o
hem/hemat/o
-ectomy
a scratch mark on the skin
caud/o
medi/o
-tomy
pan-
brady-
bucc/o
gluc,glyc/o
troph/o
disk
macro-
dermat-
-logy
later/o
vertical plane dividng the body into left and right halves
cec/o
sial/o
-ism,-ia,-y
commonly called a scar
Cardi-
proxim/o
xanth/o
cholecyst/o
-oma
proct/o
-cele
dilated hair follicle filled with bacteri and sebum; commonly called a white head or black head
trans-
onych/o
-meter
infection of a hair follicle; commonly called a boil
-ic, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -ous
Stem/WordDefinitionExample
lei/o
ad-
cephal/o
-rrhaphy
-graphy
pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
-pathy
ventr/o
per-
vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
pulmon/o
cerebr-
peri-
-itis
-centesis
supra-, super-
-logist, -ist
acr/o
bi-, di-
-megaly
iso-
dys-
abdominal region above the umbilical region
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
en-,end-,endo-
a-,an-
chronic liver disease characterized by gradual failure of liver cells and loss of blood flow in the liver
lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; also contains tiny muscles attached to the hair follicles
hist/o
labi, cheil/o
post-
thorac/o
anti-, contra-
oste/o
brachi/o
-oid
blast/o
tiny muscle that attaches to the hair follicle
micro-
hematochezia:the passage of ____ ____
lessening in severity of disease symptoms
cyt/o
crani
collection of large localized abscesses seated in groups of hair follicles and connected by channels
lying face up
ecto-, exo-
de-
-plasty
chlor/o
infer/o
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal/peritoneal cavity
intra-
abdominal region to left and right of epigastric region
-ole
-osis
hyper-
trich/o

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