History Quiz / Key Figures of Tokugawa and Meiji Japan

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Can you name the Key figures of Tokugawa and Meiji Japan (1550-1912)?

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Role in Japanese HistoryNameextra info
Controlled 1/3 of Japan before death by seppuku in 1582. Hailed as the initiator of the unification of Japan.
First Tokugawa emperor to be granted shogun (1603-1605) after 3 year power struggle. Ruled with unchallenged hegemony.
Unified Japan by 1591 and launched 2 failed invasions of Korea (1592, 1597) as a precursor to an invasion of China. Died 1598.
Second shogun of Tokugawa era (1605-1623)
Third Tokugawa shogun (1623-1651). Introduced Sankin Kotai (Alternate Attendance) and Sakoku (Closed Country) policies.
Major provider of timber to Tokyo. Great Merchant of Tokugawa era.
Member of the Mito School and author of New Proposals (Shinron 1825) promulgating the message 'Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians'
Promulgator of Grassroots Rebellion idea. Conceived of plot to assassinate shogun's Imperial Emissary but was detected and beheaded (1859)
Early advocate of 'Eastern Ethics, Western Science' emphasizing the inseparability of knowledge and action. Author of an 8 point program for Japan's defense against the foreigners
Signer of the Harris Treaty [opening ports to Japan] with USA (1858) without Imperial Approval. Assassinated in 1860.
American Naval officer responsible for the threat of an assault on Japanese ports finally leading to the Harris Treaty and Opening of Japan (1854)
Tosa Samurai who brought peace between feuding Choshu and Satsuma provinces (1864). Father of Imperial Japanese Navy. Played a role in negotiating resignation of Tokugawa Yoshinobu
Fifteenth and last shogun of Tokugawa shogunate (1866-1867.) Voluntarily resigned after Sat-Cho march on Kyoto (1867)
Emperor (1868-1912) candidate behind Satcho coup d'etat (1867.) Representation of progress, unity, empire, civilization. Official granter of People's Constitution.
Part of initial Meiji Triumvirate (with Saigo Takamori and Kido Takayoshi). Founder of Meiji Government and participant in the Iwakara Mission (1871-3.)
Author of 'On De-Asianization' (1885) championing the 'civilization' (Bunmei Kaika.) Progenitor of civilian paper Current Events (Jiji Shinpo.) Member of Iwakara Mission (1871-3.)
Satsuma Samurai;Advocate for Korean Invasion; resigned on denial of invasion (1873); returned to Kagoshima. Seceded Kagoshima from local government. Marched on Tokyo with 40,000 (1
President of Sapporo Agricultural College (now Hokkaido University). Author of the popular catchphrase 'Boys, be ambitious!'
Role in Japanese HistoryNameextra info
European foremost author and poet of expat. Japanese works. Achieved citizenship.
Creator of the Japan's first political party (Freedom and People's Rights Movement [Jiyu Minken Undo].) Separated from Meiji govnt over Korea issue (1873.)
Formed Progressive Party [kaishinto] (1882). Renegotiated Unequal Treaties (1887) unfavorably thus leading to mass protest. Forced to resign and renege on new treaty.
President of the Constitutional Privy Council (1888-9) which subsequently became the Meiji Oligarchs (genro). Founder of Imperial Japanese Army
First Prime Minister of Japan (1885.) Negotiated Treaty of Shimonoseki (1895.) Organized Seiyukai (1900)
9 year old member of the Iwakara Mission (1871-3) who stayed behind to be educated in America. Created Tsuda College for Women
Feminist associated with Movement for Freedom and Popular Rights until 1884
Dutch educator based in Nagasaki. Teacher of Saigo Takamori, Ito Hirobumi, Okubo Toshimichi and Okuma Shigenobu
Founder of the Mitsubishi Zaibatsu (1870.) Shipped troops over to Formosa (Taiwan) for punitive expedition (1873)
Finance Minister in charge of hardline economics Inflation Crisis (1881)
Prussian advisor to Meiji Japan (1885-88)
German advisor to Meiji Government on International Law (appointed 1878)
First Minister of Foreign Affairs (1885.) Commissioned Rokumeikan (1883.) Involved in disastrous revision of Unequal Treaties (1887)
Creator of the 'Floating World' genre of poetry and prose. (1642-93)
'Father of Japenese Capitalism.' Founder of First National Bank (1873)
Japanese Meiji Philosopher who applied inductive reasoning to the issue of whether foreign travel should be allowed within Japan
Principal founder of the first Japanese Fine Arts Academy (1890; Tokyo School of Fine Arts.)
Meiji Anarcho-Socialist. Cofounded the Heinmin Shimbun (Common People's Newspaper 1903.) Executed after the High Treason Incident (Taigyaku Jiken 1911)

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