Science Quiz / community chp 13 Infectious Disease Prevention Control

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an infectious disease transmissible (as from person to person) by direct contact with an affected individual or the individual's discharges or by indirect means (as by a vector)
refers to species-determined, innate resistance to an infectious agent. for example, possums rarely contract rabies
resistanc acquired by a host as a result of previous natural exposure to an infectious agent. Having measles once protects against future infection. May be active or passive immuni
immunization by administration of an antigen &usually characterized by presence of an antibody produced by the individual host (Immune globulin or antiserum= preparation w. antib-)
Transfer of a specific antibody from an immunized individual - mother to infant
immunity of a group or community. Resistance of a group of people to invasion/ spread of infectious agent
passing of the infection from parent to offspring via sperm, placenta, milk or contact in the vaginal canal at birth
person to person spread of infection through one or more of the following four routes - direct/indirect, common vehicle, airborne, vector
transmission of the infectious agent from an infected host to a susceptible host via food water, milk, blood, serum, saliva or plasma
transmission of infectious agent via clothing, toys, and the like is what kind of transmission?
transmitting an infectious agent through sex is an example of what kind of transmission?
Arthropods such as ticks & mosquitos or other invertebrates such as snails that transmit infectious agent by biting or depositing the infective material near the host
Hep A can be transmitted through? (2 things)
Hep B can be transmitted through? (2 words)
Legionella and TB can both spread via?
the time interval between invasion by an infectious agent and the first appearance of signs and symptoms of the disease
incubation period for staph food poisoning is?
incubation period for HIV AIDS
interval during which an infectious agent may be transferred directly or indirectly from an infected person to another person to another person
constant presence of a disease within a geographic area or a population
an epidemic occurring worldwide and affecting large populations
systematically collects, organizes and analyzes, current, accurate, and complete data for a defined disease condition
those in which the incidence has actually increased in the past several decades or has the potential to increase in the near future
goal is to remove a disease from a large geographic area such as a country or region of the world
removing a disease worldwide by ending all transmission of infection through the complete extermination of the infectious agent
those transmitted during hospitalization or developed within a hospital or doctor's office
requires that blood and body fluids from all clients be handled as if infected with HIV or other blood borne pathogens
Major killer of early 20th century
Major killer of early 20th century
Major killer of early 20th century
Worldwide number one cause of death
Health care associated infection, associated with school athletic programs & prisons/ areas where people share dressing or bath facilites
Tracking ER visits sorted by syndrome symptoms as well as other indicators of illness including school absenteeism & sales of selected OTCmeds
a no charge surveillance tool used by many public health officials
goal of what programs? is to reduce the prevalence of a disease to a level at which it no longer poses a major public health problem
What sort of approach is used to control communicable diseases?
This approach says a communicable diseases represents an imbalance in the harmonious relationship between?
caused by spore forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis - can be cutaneous, gastrointestinal, respiratory or inhalational
susceptibility is 100% in unvaccinated or vaccinate before 1982- fatality rate is 20-40% or higher. HCP may not recognize it
Vecterborne transmitted by RODENT FLEAS carrying Yersinia pestis
initial s/s for this are nonspecific: myalgia, malaise, fever, chills, sore throat, headache
'rabbit fever' 'deer fly fever' Zoonotic disease caused by Francisella tularenesis- carried by wild animals, rabbits, muskrats, beavers, ticks, domestic animals
Reported in every state except Hawaii - not common; 120-130 documented each year
The next four diseases are preventable with what
german measles, causes a mild febrile disease with enlarged lymph nodes, fine pink rash that is often hard to distinguish from measles/scarlet fever. Moderately contagious
whooping cough, begins as mild upper RTI progresses to an irritating cough- lasts within 1-2 weeks may become paroxysmal
viral respiratory tract infection often indistinguishable from the common cold or other respiratory diseases
Acute, highly contagious, childhood illness but still can be seen in others, risk of importation from other countries by people who travel
CDC sentinel surveillance system targeting 10 sites across the country & collecting info from labs on diseases caused by enteric pathogens transmitted through food
76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations and 5000 deaths occur from ____borne illnesses?
Vectorborne diseases? 3
vectorborne disease?
vectorborne disease ?
Diseases of travelers?
disease of travelers?
disease of travelers?
disease of travelers?
An infection transmitted from a vertebrate anima-l to a human under natural conditions
highest case fatality rate of any known human infections, essentially 100% aka hydrophobia
Best protection against rabies is?
organisms that depend on a host to survive
parasites that live within the body
greater concern in developing countries, Pinworm (itchy anus) most common in US, usually in schools or overcrowding/day care centers
more frequent or severe in immunocompromised people
Lyme disease usually occurs in the summer in rural & suburban areas of northeast, mid-Atlantic, north-central states, particularly what 2 states
Rocky Mountain Spotted fever most commonly occurs in southeast & what 3 states?
How long does it take after exposure for an HIV positive person to test positive for the HIV antibody test
Where should the nurse look to determine whether other communities are also having an epidemic of measles?
The ability to produce a severe pathological reaction

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