SA respiratory (midterm 3) Stats

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Hint Answer % Correct
True or false: Aspergillus spp. may bef ound in the nasal flora of normal dogs?True, tends to cause problems after trauma or other causes of increased individual susceptibility
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Which of the following is a clinical sign of sinonasal aspergillosis?e
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Name a diagnostic method for sinonasal aspergillosis?culture, titer, imaging (CT, MRI, rhinoscopy, radiographs), biopsy
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What is UNTRUE about sinonasal aspergillosis?d, favourable, but 1
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Cats are unlikely to suffer from sinonasal aspergillosis. They are for more likely to be infected by these species, which feature large capsules and only uncommonly affect dogs?cryptococcus spp. (neoformans or gattii)
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Prognosis for dogs with cryptococcosis is _____ as it is for cats with associated CNS disease.guarded (good for cats w
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True or false: viral testing is likely only of value in group housing situations with feline URT infections, otherwise you can usually diagnose based on history and clinical signs?This is more or less true, your approach to therapy would only change on an individual if you found evidence of Chlamydophila felis
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A cat presents with sneezing, ocular and nasal discharge, stomatitis, oral ulceration and tongue erosion. What virus is this?Feline calicivirus
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The vaccines against these two agents of feline URT infection are considered core?FHV-1 and FCV
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When looking at the two most common viral causes of feline URT infection, ______ is reactivated by stress with intermittent shedding, _____ carriers shed continuously even with no Herpes
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calici
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The more common name for canine infectious tracheobronchitis is?Kennel cough
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If either of these signs have appeared, the case of kennel cough is complicated and may call for C and S, clavamox, doxycycline treatments?fever, productive cough
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Name one of the two breeds most commonly diagnosed with tracheal collapse?Yorkshire terrier, pomeranian
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What would not form a part of your treatment plan for tracheal collapse?e, other options include corticosteroids, bronchodilators, anti-tussives, palliative surgery as a last resort, stenting
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Although the etiology of this disease is unknown, allergy likely plays a role, and there is hypertrophy and ulceration of the airway with inflammation, edema and increased mucous sFeline bronchial disease, feline asthma
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These drugs are best for emergency situations, via inhaler, of feline asthma?bronchodilator
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Daily or almost daily coughing for over 2 months would be grounds to suspect this disease in a dog?Canine chronic bronchitis
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Anti-tussives are contraindicated with this type of cough?productive
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Name a common predisposing cause of bacterial pneumonia in an adult dog?aspiration of GI contents, immunosuppression due to drugs, hyperadrenocorticism or DM, smoke inhalation, sepsis
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True or false: pneumonia is common after aspiration because of the high bacterial content of aspirated GI material?false, this tends to be low, but acid injury to pulmonary parenchyma causes inflammation, bronchoconstriction and predisposition to opportunistic infection
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Which lung lobe is most likely to be the only one affected by aspiration pneumonia?right middle
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Which of the following drugs would not be empiric with mild to moderate clinical pneumonia?b, these and aminoglycoides are added IV with severe clinical signs or sepsis
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Young huskies and malamutes are particularly predisposed to this condition, marked by exercise intolerance, harsh cough, nasal discharge.eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy, AKA pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophils
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These species would be most commonly associated with canine fungal pneumonia in Ontario, especially cottage country or the North?Blastomyces spp.
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Which would not form part of your survey assessment when evaluating a patient in respiratory distress?d
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In what range of intercostal spaces would you perform thoracocentesis if necessary?7th to 9th
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When performing thoracocentesis, the dorsal third of the abdomen is best for removing ____, the ventral third for _____.air
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fluid
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After performing this many thoracocenteses, your next step whould be thoracostomy?2
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The insertion of a thoracostomy tube is around the 7th intercostal space. Where is the skin incision?around the 10th intercostal, subcutaneous tunnel recommended
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For complete airway obstructions, this is your best bet.tracheostomy
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Hint Answer % Correct
Unusually quiet lung sounds on auscultation indicate?pleural space disease
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What kind of pulmonary edema is responsive to furosemide?cardiogenic
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These bruises or hemorrhages within the pulmonary parenchyma will worsen over the initial 24 hours with neutrophil infiltration?pulmonary contusions
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Which of the following is not a primary soft tissue abnormality of Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome?a), this, along with laryngeal collapse and tonsillar enlargement or eversion are secondary soft tissue abnormalities due to increased inspiratory pressures from the primary ones.
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A 50% reduction in airway radius results in a __x increase to airway resistance?16
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You do not need to use suture after removing everted laryngeal saccules. You just need to find them at _ and _ o clock, and avoid the ____ ___ caudal to them.5 and 7
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There is no known treatment for this component of Brachycephalic airway syndrome?hypoplastic trachea
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recurrent laryngeal nerve
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Between which rings should you incise transversely for a temporary tracheostomy?3 and 4 or 4 and 5
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How large in comparison to the tracheal diameter shoudl the diameter of the tracheostomy tube be? 50%
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What is the most common cause of tracheal rupture?overinflation of endotracheal tube cuff
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Myasthenia gravis, exfoliative dermatitis in cats are both paraneoplastic syndromes which likely improve following removal of this tumour?thymoma
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One quarter of all feline cryptococcosis patients will suffer ______ complications, and 1/5 will suffer from ______ lesions.ocular
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forebrain (CNS also accepted)
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Name a differential for nasal discharge aside from the mycotic illnesses that have already been discussed?inflammatory rhinitis, allergic rhinitis, lymphocytic plasmacytic rhinitis, nasal tumor, nasal foreign body, tooth root abscess, URT infection
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A cat presents with sneezing, ocular and nasal discharge and conjunctivitis. There also appears to be corneal ulceration. What virus is most likely the cause?feline herpesvirus 1
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Daily __________s are the mainstay of long-term therapy for feline asthma?corticosteroid
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This fecal test is best to rule out lungworm.Baermann
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A definitive diagnosis of canine chronic bronchitis would be achieved by observation of hyperemia and excessive mucous during, and based on cytological findings after this procedurbronchoscopy
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A dog presents with cough, fever and abnormal lung crackles on auscultation. CBC shows moderate neutrophilia with left shift and toxic changes. What is this?pneumonia
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Inspiratory stridor audible across the room would be associated with ____ airway disease?upper
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vocal fold
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Laryngeal paralysis is the failure of these paired cartilages to properly abduct due to dysfunction of this nerve (as part of systemic polyneuropathy)?arytenoids
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What food is recommended fro life after arytenoid lateralization?meatballs
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Name a ddx for kennel cough?bronchopneumonia, tracheal collapse, tracheal foreign body
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What would be a test you might use to rule out congestive heart failure in a case of suspected feline asthma?NT-proBNP plasma test
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Prognosis for PIE is fair to good with corticosteroids, deworming and oxygen therapy, unless this complication develops?eosinophilic pulmonary granulomatosis
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What is the main differential when you look at thoracic radiographs in suspected blastomycosis?metastatic neoplasia
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This is the name for surgical correction of the elongated soft palate.staphylectomy
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This is the most common surgical correction of stenotic nares?wedge resection alaplasty (others include punch resection alaplasty)
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Name a risk of hte unilateral arytenoid lateralization ('tie back') procedure?aspiration pneumonia, persistent coughing, seroma, suture failure
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The surgical treatment for chylothorax is?thoracic duct ligation, pericardectomy
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