Science Quiz

Random Science or Animal Quiz
Score 0/95 Timer 20:00
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Hint Answer % Correct
What are the three ways to acquire immunity?Maternal antibody
80%
After MDAs have waned, how long does an antibody response take after vaccination of the naive animal?10-14 days
80%
True or false: Attenuated vaccines are more or less synonymous with MLV vaccines?True
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In what species do adjuvants potentially cause vaccine-associated sarcoma?cat
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previous infection
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vaccination
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True or false: killed vaccine products generally require multiple doses to produce good effect?true, because they do not replicate in the host
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True or false: MLV vaccines require an adjuvant, and are able to replicated within the host to stimulate a greater response?False, they do replicate but do not require an adjuvant.
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Which of the following is NOT a potential adjuvant?e), all of these are adjuvants
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True or false: veterinarians have some discretion, and may choose to modify, all booster intervals?false, although discretion can usually be exercised, you must follow regional rabies vaccination intervals
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What are factors that make a disease with available vaccines a core vaccine choice?high morbidity
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high mortality
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significant public health risk
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common
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easily transmissible
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The label on your canine distemper vaccine recommends a booster every year. You have just given the one year booster to Rover. When do you recommend his next shot?c), vets may use some discretion when reading label revaccination recommendations, and studies have shown that every 3 years is sufficient after the 1 year booster. Up to 7 years of immunity MAY be provided, but 3 years is safer!
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True or false: certain regions are rabies-free, and require a titre before importation of an animal?true, Hawaii and the UK are two examples
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True or false: an animal with immune-mediated disease may in some jurisdictions recieve less frequent rabies titres than would normally be legally required?true, in SOME regions they will accept a titre in lieu of up-to-date vaccination, but not everywhere.
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Which of the following animals are good candidates for vaccination?e)
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Which of the following non-core feline vaccines is generally not recommended?b), the FIP vaccine has been shown to be quite ineffective, since FIP is caused by an in vivo mutation, and it would also be extremely rare outside of immunocompromised cats
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Feline panleukopenia is the feline version of what common infectious disease of the dog? What cells are affected?Parvo virus
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Rapidlyd ividing cells like the crypt epithelium (causing enteritis) and the lymphoid tissue and bone marrow (causing panleukopenia)
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Early-mid gestational FPV infection tends to cause abortion or stillbirth. What about infection in late gestation or first 2-3 weeks of life?Generally harmless cerebellar hypoplasia (in addition to the usual effects), or, more rarely, forebrain lesions which cause seizures
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True or false: detection of FPV in the feces can be accomplished via PCR or ELISA?true
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What two illnesses cause 90% of all feline URT infections?Feline Herpesvirus 1
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Feline Calicivirus
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True or false: aerosol is the most common means of URT infection transmission in felines?false, exudates mroe likely to transmit virus than aerosol
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True or false: oral ulceration and hypersalivation are less common clinical signs for FHV-1 than ocular keratitis or conjunctivitis?true
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How long do MDAs circulate at protective levels in the newborn?6-16 weeks
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Which of the following is NOT a feline core vaccine?d) FeLV
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What is the minimum age for the one dose of rabies vaccine given to a kitten?12 weeks
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All core vaccinations tend to be administered on the RF limb, except this one, on the RH?rabies
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Hint Answer % Correct
A killed rabies vaccine may be administered every _ year(s), whereas a recombinant non-adjuvanted product must be given every _ year(s)?3
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1
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True or false: kittens and young cats are most susceptible to FeLV?true
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This disease is a non-core vaccine, for which casual contact by sharing food or water, etc. is the primary route of transmission?FeLV
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This disease is a non-core vaccine, for which biting is the most common route of transmission?FIV
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What antigen will be found in the blood consistently only with progressive FeLV infection?FeLV p27
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Which of the following is commonly associated with FeLV infection?e)
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I live in a two cat household. One of them stays inside, the other likes to roam. Should I vaccinate my indoor only cat?Maybe. Outdoor cats are at high risk for FeLV, as are unvaccinated cats that share a home with an FeLV+ cat. Theoretically you could vaccinate only the outdoor cat, but the indoor cat would not be protected from transient shedding of a focal infection
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Which of the following is NOT associated with FIV infection?e), more likely to see leukopenia, the other two cancers mentioned are more commonly associated with FIV
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True or false: routine ELISA testing cannot CURRENTLY distinguish FIV infection from vaccination?true, microchipping to clarify vaccination status is recommended to prevent an unfortunate euthanasia
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Which of the following are components of a core multivalent product for cats? (answer separated by commas e.g. a, b, d)a, b, e
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Which of the following vaccines are part of a standard canine core protocol, in a multivalent product?a, b, d
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Which vaccine do you add separately to either of the lists in the past two questions to get all core vaccines done?rabies
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True or false: start vaccinating puppies with multivalent core product at 3-4 weeks old, every 5 weeks until 16 weeks old?false, start at 6-9 weeks, repeat every 3-4 weeks til 14-16 weeks old
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How old must a puppy be for their first rabies vaccine?12 weeks
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True or false: canine distemper virus is well-controlled but highly transmissible, and causes only GI signs?false, it can also cause respiratory and neurologic signs
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Which of the following is NOT a potential symptom of distemper?g)
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True or false: interstitial to alveolar pulmonary infiltrates are common on thoracic rads of patients with CDV?true
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True or false: with treatment for secondary bacterial infections, anticonvulsants for seizing patients, and supportive care, prognosis is fair for CDV?false, prognosis is poor, although these are the recommended treatments
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In what limb would you administer the canine core multivalent vaccine?left hind
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True or false: CAV-2 vaccinations may cause uveitis or corneal edema?false, CAV-1 vaccines do. CAV-2 vaccinations also provide cross-protection against infectious canine hepatitis, making the other vaccine unnecessary. yay!
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True or false: Canine parvovirus has poor environmental survival?False
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What is the term for the stronger and faster immune response to a second exposure to a pathogen?anamnestic response
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At what age would you first start vaccinating a kitten for FPV/FHV-1/FCV? What interval would you dose them at until week 16?6 weeks
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3-4 week intervals
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to allow for amputation in the event of vaccine-associated sarcoma
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Oral ulceration is characteristic for what cause of feline URT infection?Feline Calicivirus
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What is the gold standard for diagnosis of FHV-1? FCV?virus isolation from conjunctival or oropharyngeal swab
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What drug, when given orally, may decrease the severity of feline herpes type 1?lysine
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Unlike FeLV, detected using antigen, FIV is detected via _____antibody, on an ELISA snap test
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On CBC, you would expect a mild increase in _____ and decreased _____ in a dog with distemper?platelets
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lymphocytes
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Hint Answer % Correct
CPV-2 ELISA kits have high ______ and low ______.specificity
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sensitivity- false negatives are common with testing too early or too late, doesn't rule it out!
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Which of the following would not be recommended in an adult dog infected with CPV and showing signs of sepsis?a)
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True or false: more canine rabies cases occured in the USA in 2011 than feline?false
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True or false: lepto vaccines are given to at-risk dogs over 12 weeks old, 3-4 weeks apart in 2-3 doses, and repeated annually?true
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What is the primary transmission method of bordetella?aerosol
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Which of the following is not a good reason to recommend non-core bordetella vaccination to a client?c)
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True or false: negative titre means lack of immunity?false, not always
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True or false: positive titre means immunity?false, not always
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Which of the following would not be considered a mild transient side effect of vaccination in a dog?a)
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What are three characteristics of a disease for which vaccination would be non-core?mild or self-limiting
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virus isolation from conjunctival or oropharyngeal swab
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What is the most common canine parvovirus subtype?CPV-2
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Why would antibiotics form a part of your treatment plan for CPV infected dogs?risk of sepsis due to secondary bacterial infection
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You treat a puppy for CPV starting on Monday. It makes a full recovery by Saturday, but has returned next monday with GI signs. Wassup?Intussusception
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1 week
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What is the most common VAAE in dogs? In cats?facial edema
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Lethargy, pyrexia
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Which of the following signs would not be a reason to seek emergency veterinary care after vaccination?e)
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True or false: Anti-histamine or glucocorticoid may be given 20 minutes prior to a patient with a history of VAAE to make Type I reactions less likely?true
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low prevalence
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not easily transmissible
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Where is it currently recommended that you administer a vaccine on a cat? Why?Distal limbs
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What additional vaccine may be included in the canine core multivalent?canine parainfluenza virus
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What is your antibiotic of choice with a dog that is not febrile, infected with CPV, and has neutropenia?cefazolin
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Most dogs who survive the first _-_ days will survive CPV. 3-4
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What are the two types of disease commonly caused by leptospirosis?renal and hepatic
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What is the minimum age for bordetella vaccination? How long before potential exposure must it be given?3 weeks
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What two breeds are at increased risk of CPV infection?rottweilers and dobermans
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Who is Nate's favourite character to play as in League of Legends?Lux. Why would you know that? You're creepy.
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True or false: FeLV may present in a progressive, regressive or transient infection form?true, only the progressive form will LIKELY cause symptoms.
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Created Sep 17, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:Animal Quiz, companion, module

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