Food Animal Midterm 3 part 3

Can you name the Food Animal Midterm 3 part 3

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Approximately what cost will each lame cow amount to?
The use of these in tie stalls has improved welfare by reducing hygromas, tarsal cellulitis.
True or false: the incidence of lameness is approximately the same as the incidence of lesions?
If a cow is standing with an arched back, the minimum lameness score is?
If an animal has an arched back only when walking, it's lameness score is?
The minimum lameness score for an animal that has an abnormal gait is?
If an animal is non-weight bearing on a limb, what is the locomotion score?
If a cow has its hock turned inward, and stifle and digit turned outward, what condition is the cause of the lameness?
May be a result of estrus activities on slippery surfaces, true obturator paralysis, or a complication of downer cow syndrome. 
If an animal has continuous flexion of the stifle, or is touching only its toe to the ground, what kind of stifle injuries might it have?
What is the most common nerve affected causing Maternal Obstetrical Paralysis?
Signs of MOP include base wide stance, sitting with hindlimbs extended forward. 
If a cow is unable to stand after 24 hours and 2 treatments for hypocalcemia, and all other causes have been ruled out, by definition it has?
This condition may present in a proximal form with failure to extend elbow, carpus and fetlock or distal form with only carpus and fetlock.
Proximal is more common. 
Large calves that are pulled at birth may suffer from this condition, causing them to collapse when attempting to stand, as the quadriceps cannot extend the stifle.
Injection neuropathy in neonates of the semi-membranosis or tendinosis muscles causes?
This nerve normally flexes the hock, extends the digits, and passes superficially over lateral femoral condyle and head of fibula.
This nerve normally extends the hock and flexes the digits. It runs beneath the gastrocnemius muscle.
This syndrome, most common in adult dairy cattle and AI bulls has a strong genetic component and results in muscle trembling, and hyperextension of hind limbs.
Often completely normal between episodes, progressive over months to years leading to recumbency. No treatment- you have to cull before it become ssevere. 
Elso heel is a colloquial name for what condition?
Progressive hyperextension of hind limbs, linked to a recessive gene with incomplete penetrance, treated with a tibial neurectomy and gastroc tenotomy. 
What are the most common tendons that get contracted?
This condition is a false bursa that develops over bony structures due to chronic trauma. Rarely becomes infected, treatment is not required unless the animal is lame.
Hairless, thickened skin, thick walled bursae and treatment with rubrifacients, drainage and flushing are characteristic of?
An overly upright conformation, repetitive standing injuries, osteochondritis are all characteristic of?
AKA bog spavin, boggy hock, serous tarsitis. 
An acute infection of Clostridium chauveoi, C. novyi, C. septicum can all cause this condition.
Spores lodge in muscle and go dormant. Signs brought on by bruising or excessive exercise. 
Toxemia caused by C. septicum, C. sordelli, C. novyi from parturition or castration wounds, injection sites or pharmaceuticals that have been contaminated produces?
Signs of toxemia, large rapidly spreading areas of pitting edema. 
Between the sole and the wall, there is the ____ _____.
Between the navicular bone and the deep flexor tendon, there is the ____ ___
In the formula for claw size [=Fx(G+H)/2], what does F stand for?
G= width of medial claw, H= width of outside claw 
What is generally the most common cause of acute laminitis?
Name the four possible complications of chronic laminitis?
What bone loses support with laminitis, causing hemorrhage, ulceration and abscess (with bacterial involvement).
The _____ claw in hind limbs, and the _____ claw in front limbs are usually affected by sole ulcers.
What is the most common part of the foot affected by white line disease?
____ (lateral or medial) ____ (front or hind) 
Name a complication of white line disease?
Which of the following is not a recommended treatment for ulceration or abscessation of hooves?
a)bandaging b)draining c)blocking unaffected claw d)amputation of claw if septic e)if more than sporadic, fix nutritional and cow comfort causes in herd 
Abrasion of the interdigital skin and entry of this bacteria (or other less common pathogenic causes) leads to foot rot.
Wet conditions increase probability. 
Which AMD would you NOT recommend to treat pasture footrot?
a)penicillin b)oxytetracycline c)ceftiofur d)TMS e)all of the above are legit 
Name a footbath substance that can help prevent footrot?
Treponema spp. are the cause of this condition of superficial inflammation fo the epidermis proximal to the caudal interdigital space?
Oxytetracycline on a bandage is the best treatment, along with cleaning and drying floors and feet, and oxytetracycline footbaths. 
Stable foot rot or interdigital dermatitis are other names for this condition, caused by Dichelobacter nodosus.
Treat with trimming of necrotic tissue, without antibiotics. 
Sand cracks that are limited to the coronary band are ____ _. If they go to a weight bearing surface they are ____ _
Name a potential cause of sand cracks?
This is the most common claw affected by corkscrew claw.
True or false: all cows, beef or dairy, should get regular foot trimming every 6 months.
Septic arthritis of the ____ ________ joint would be characterized by swollen cronary bands, fistulous tracts, potentially upward tilted toes.
What must be ruptured for the toe to point upwards with septic arthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint?
When looking at treatment options for septic arthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint, this option is the most rapid and inexpensive, and facilitates a rapid return to product
It does reduce lifespan, is bad for heavy animals and is not cosmetic. 
This alternate treatment option for septic arthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint is more cosmetic, and allows for a longer lifespan.
It is more expensive, more technically demanding, more painful and slower to heal/return to production 
This is the only option if an animal is non-weight bearing and client cannot afford arthrodesis or digit amputation?
Joint ill of neonatal calves is generally secondary to one of these conditions?
Treat it with florfenicol, TMS or ceftiofur, early or it won't work. 
100% of the patients that develop this type of arthritis already have chronic bronchopneumonia.
With this condition caused by mycoplasma, 50% will fully recover, and a small percentage will recover enough for early salvage slaughter.
Treatment is unrewarding, place in a less competitive situation and euthanize if they can't get up for longer than 24 hours. 
Name a bacterial cause of septic arthritis of neonatal calves?
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Last Updated: Feb 16, 2017

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