Miscellaneous Quiz / PA Field Theory

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Can you name the PA Field Theory?

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TopicAuthor/Theoretical ApproachDescription
Dichotomy ReevaluationsContemporary custom-oriented managerialism (NPM) more clearly expresses separating administration from politics compared to classical PA authors
State of the field: New ApproachesMore Hamiltonian. Devoted finding prescriptions for making public programs work better; Policy Schools; Institutional Theory
Paradigm Shifts and Future of PANew governance structures characterized by horizontal networks of public, private, and nonprofit organizations compared to the more traditional organizational decision making
Mastering PA ApproachPolitics-administration dichotomy; principles of administration; practical orientation; centralization
BehavioralistConflict is inevitable and can be used to produce harmony rather than winners and loser
State of the field: New ApproachesPrincipal-Agent Theory; Transaction Cost Theory
Alternative FrameworksFocuses on the community of inquiry, an organizing principle, which is based on the philosophy of classical pragmatism
Dichotomy ReevaluationsSeeks to answer 2 questions: what made separating politics from administration so prominent; and, what is the larger significance of Waldo’s classical study
State of the field: New ApproachesFocuses on bureaucracy, institutions, and mega-phenomena
PA ParadigmsPolitics-administration dichotomy; principles of administration; PA as political science; PA as management; PA as PA
PA Theory PrimerEssence of Decision; fact-value dichotomy; bounded rationality
BehavioralistOrganization is a system of exchange responding to individuals’ needs as they perceive them through contractual agreements
PA Theory PrimerRational self maximizing bureaucrat; self maximizing citizen
Administration as PoliticsDoubts principles of administration; rejects politics-administration & fact-value dichotomies; conflict between bureaucracy and democracy
PA Theory PrimerPolitics-administration dichotomy; Bureaucratic capture; Principal-Agent Theory
Alternative FrameworksPresents a complementarity model and includes a differentiation along with interaction as an alternative to the dichotomy
Dichotomy ReevaluationsConceptualized the politics-administration dichotomy in the form of neutral competence and political guidance
Paradigm Shifts and Future of PATrends likely to occur in PA: new knowledge and technological innovations; structures of governance organizing vast amounts of info; globalization; more diversity; erosion of confidence in traditional institutions
Dichotomy ReevaluationsCriticizes Lynn for arguing students haven’t challenged NPM and methodological claims against NPM; NPM has been significantly challenged and that old and new public management have been able to develop solid research methods
Efficiency and DiscretionBook Reviews: Madison’s Managers outlines a theoretical precept of managerial responsibility in that bureaucracy should behave as the legislature’s agent; A Reasonable Public Servant argues exercise of discretion needs to comport with the Constitution
Paradigm Shifts and Future of PAIdea of public value as a way of understanding government activity, informing policy-making, and constructing service delivery
Dichotomy ReevaluationsArgues Waldo was trying to articulate a particular kind of relationship based on active exchange within limits
Classical/DepartmentalismPODSCORB
Dichotomy ReevaluationsWaldo’s reputation as a heterodox critic should be reconsidered and a reconceptualization of the dichotomy needs to take place
Mastering PA ApproachOrganization must respond to demand of human needs; participatory decision-making procedures; job enlargement and decentralization
TopicAuthor/Theoretical ApproachDescription
ClassicalCall for science of public administration; politics-administration dichotomy
PA Theory PrimerPA Theory; Political control of bureaucracy; Bureaucratic politics; Public institutions; Public management; Postmodern; Decision; Rational choice; Governance
Alternative FrameworksConceptualized the politics-management continuum
Efficiency and DiscretionClassic tradition shaped the dominant concept of efficiency today; efficiency is politically defined
State of the field: New ApproachesSought to build a bridge between old administrative theory and the new administrative realities
BehavioralistFocuses on decision making process; bounded rationality; fact-value dichotomy
PA Theory Primer2 approaches classical (traditional) and scientific (behavioral)
PA Theory PrimerAdministrative State; Essence of Decision; Organizational Behavior; Institutional Structure; Representative Bureaucracy
Mastering PA ApproachRejects politics-administration dichotomy; organizational theory; comparative PA; public policy; New Public Administration
ParadigmsStructure of scientific revolutions; science is not objective
Paradigm Shifts and Future of PAApplies four P’s (practical, pluralistic, participatory, and provisional) to PA
ClassicalPA is part of societal rationalization process; bureaucracy is most rational and efficient organization devised by man
Paradigm Shifts and Future of PAHenry confused paradigms with theories; identified paradigms based on ontology, epistemology, and methodology
ClassicalOne best way
PA Theory PrimerScientific management; Theory X and Y; Bureaucracy; Contract; NPM
PA Theory PrimerSubjective approach to studying social phenomena that focuses heavily on language, the context of human interactions, and the social construction of reality
PA Theory PrimerCollective outcomes and individual behavior are structured by institutions
Paradigm Shifts and Future of PAA new globalized world characterized by hyper-changes producing hyper-complexities permeating humanity with hyper-uncertainty will challenge existent public governance and administration capacities
Mastering PA3 approaches: classical, behavioralist, administration as politics
Alternative FrameworksCentral benefit to PA using classical pragmatism is its ability to provide a claim of objectivity or pragmatic objectivity
PA Theory PrimerRegimes of laws, administrative rules, judicial rulings, and practices that constrain, prescribe, and enable government activity, where such activity is broadly defined as the production and delivery of publicly supported goods and services
Refounding PABlacksburg Manifesto
BehavioralistHighly specialized procedures have deprived work of sense of social function
State of the Field3 fundamental problems – PA is in crisis; 4 development stages of PA; 4 new approaches; 2 features of administration theories

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