Music Quiz / Music 1b Terms

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Can you name the Music 1b Terms?

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DefinitionTermExample
The smooth movement of notes stepwise. The end of the first phrase of the Idée Fixe in Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony ends with a very smooth conjunct set of notes (also think of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony Idee Fixe
Standard form for a symphony’s third movement and is based on the triple rhythms and regular phrases of the 18th century’s favorite ballroom dances.3rd Movement Beethoven's 5th Sympony
This is typically the third movement in a conventional symphony. It is faster than the minuet but maintains the same form. Therefore, it is in triple meter and it’s a tripartite Beethoven's 5th Symphony III
Using creative groupings of instruments to create unique sounds. Berlioz was considered a master.Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony Dream of the Witches Sabbath
The most complex and most frequently found musical form in the Classical period. The form is composed of three parts: exposition, development and recapitulation. Additionally, ther1st Movement Beethoven's 5th Symphony
This is the second of two phrases that “answers” the “questioning” antecedent phrase.Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony Idee Fixe
Often used for slow movements of symphonies, it incorporates the same melody repeated a number of times. The melody is “varied” with each new presentation, such as key, tempo aBeethoven's 5th Symphony II
A pedal in the piano that adds resonance by raising all the dampers at the same time before any notes are struck, thereby allowing for a prolonged, sustained sound.Schumann's 'Chopin'
a composition written for a small group of individuals with individual parts, typically for a small and experienced audience. This type of music is to be played in a more intimate Schubert’s Die Forelle
The act of playing two notes at the same time on a stringed instrument. It is an element of virtuosity because playing two notes simultaneously allows the soloist to produce a loudMendelssohn's Violin Concerto
Music designed to tell a story, projecting expression not only of visible things but also of feelings; often includes a love interest, sounds of nature, religious consolations, etcBerlioz's Fantastic Symphony
Refers to the relationship of the melodic phrase. Since the first phrase of the period ends on the half cadence making it weaker, it requires the second phrase as answer for compleBerlioz's Fantastic Symphony Idee Fixe
A keyboard instrument in which the strings are struck with padded wooden hammers that the player activates by depressing keys.
A principal theme (sometimes called the 'refrain') alternates with one or more contrasting themes. Possible patterns in the Classical period include: ABA, ABACA, or ABACADA. The nuMozart used often
A technique where a theme is developed by changing the theme. It was primarily developed by Franz Liszt and Hector Berlioz. The technique is essentially one of variation. A basic tSchumann's Carnaval
A term used to describe a song in which all the stanzas of the text are sung to the same music.First verses of Die Forelle
A single, integrated work which is comprised of numerous smaller, differentiated pieces;Schumann's Carnaval
A tempo marking that indicates the gradual reduction the speed of the musicSchumann's Carnaval Florestan and Eusebius
Short pieces from the 19th century that grew from the tradition of song in popular culture rather than from the theatrical arias in opera.Schubert’s Gretchen am Spinrade
Performed by playing a series of notes in a smooth, connected way without articulating individual notes.2nd Theme Beethoven's 5th Movement 1
Typically refers to the first component of sonata form. A typical layout is as follows: theme, transition to new mood and key, one or more contrasting themes and a final passage le1st Movement Beethoven's 5th Symphony
A composition for orchestra without voices or instrumental soloists. Typically includes four movements – a fast first movement, a slow second, a minuet and trio, and a lively finBeethoven's 5th Symphony
The jagged leap between notes.Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony
An interlude, or a piece of music that serves as a transition from one theme to the next.Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto
The wavering, pulsating nature given to a sound by repeatedly changing the pitch of the note just slightly. This is done on the violin by wiggling the left hand back and forth to aMendelssohn's Violin Concerto 1st Movement
DefinitionTermExample
The ability to perform dazzling feats of difficulty, to make one’s instrument heard, to attract the attention of the audience, and to create a balance between size and nimblenessMendelssohn's Violin Concerto 1st Movement
German for “song,” typically arranged for voice and piano that sets text from poems to music.Schubert's Der Erklkonig
A sound effect performed on string instruments by rapidly pressing down then lifting up a left hand finger on one string to create a quick shift between two notes.Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto 2nd Movement
typically refers to the second component of sonata form. The place of highest tension, it is a combination of new and old material that is manipulated from the exposition.Beethoven's 5th Symphony
Improvised fairground theater that had been popular since the Renaissance. The cast of characters in Schumann’s Carnaval are from this. Pierrot (sad clown), Harlequin (sly servanSchumann's Carnaval
the effect of two meters at once;Florestan from Robert Schumann’s Carnaval
This describes music for the piano that is rather small, self-contained and that usually sticks to a few emotions. They are often the work of composers from the Romantic period. ThSchumann's Carnaval
Third component of sonata form.The opening theme returns, a transitional passage similar to the first one leads to a repetition of the second theme, but in the original key. The co1st Movement Beethoven's 5th Symphony
These are events that are often intimate social gatherings named for the composer Franz Schubert. These were informal evenings given over to socializing, eating, drinking, dancing,Die Forelle
A section of a larger musical composition. Each individual section is meant to be a complete, satisfying piece of music on its own, but in conjunction with the other sections of th
brief, evocative compositions which are meant to evoke a certain mood or theme; short musical pictures of characters, moments, or moods;Schumann's Carnaval
A group of songs designed to be performed in a sequence as a single entity. As a rule, all of the songs are by the same composer and often use words from the same poet or lyricist.The Trout Quintet
Song structure that combines elements of strophic and through-composed forms: a variation of strophic form in which a section might have a new key, rhythm, or varied melodic patterSchubert's Die Forelle
The section that can be found at the end of a larger musical forms. It serves to provide a sense of closure for the listener.Movements one and four of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5 have a coda at the end. All movements of the Fantastic Symphony end in a coda.
Small, private domestic setting for the growing bourgeoisie to have close gatherings. They allowed artists to perform for their friends and close acquaintances without the hassle oSchubert
Tthe practice of directly quoting another work in a new composition. It may be from the same composer's work (self-referential), or from a different composer's work (appropriation)
To increase the speed at which music is played;Preambule from Carnaval
An instrumental solo where all the texture from the orchestra drops out. The soloist has the opportunity to demonstrate his or her virtuosic ability through a series of elaborate,
A technique where a musical material is repeated in an altered form.Beethoven's 5th Symphony II
Cascading chord-tones;Left hand of Schumann's 'Chopin' from Carnaval
Animated tempo;section 4 of Preambule from Carnval
The development section of a piece in sonata form features unrest and repeated modulation through different keys. The section at the end of the development that leads back into theBerlioz's Fantastic Symphony 1st Movement Oboe
A song type/form. The music does not repeat for each new strophe; new text is set to new music for the length of the text. The poem for this song type may take almost any shape—iSchubert's Gretchen am Spinnrade
A recurrent idea that focuses the artist on one thing and one thing only.

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