Science Quiz / USMLE Renal Pathologies

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Can you name the USMLE Renal Pathologies?

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Crescents, MPO-ANCA, no IF deposits
Secondary hyperPTH due to decreased Vitamin D production
Suprapubic pain, dysuria, positive urine nitrites
Inherited defect, constituitively activates ENaC channel
Cortical infarction caused by DIC from obstetric issues
Malignancy of PCT cells, clear cytoplasm
Increased urine pH, acidosis, nonfunctional collecting tubule cells
Hyperkalemia, decreased urine pH, hypoaldosteronism
Mass with central scar, eosinophilic cells, no perinuclear clearing
Congo red stain, apple green birefringence
Outlet incompetence, leakage with increased abdominal pressure
Tram track deposits, 2nd type due to C3 nephritic factor
Decreased renal blood flow, increased BUN/creatinine ratio
Associated with gout, not seen on Xray
Upper/Lower respiratory symptoms, crescents, PR3-ANCA, no IF deposits
Overactive bladder, leakage with urge to void immediately
Global defect with PCT resorption
Inherited defect in Na/K/2Cl transporter
Envelope crystals, caused by increased urine pH
Linear IF deposits, crescents, anti-GBM antibodies
Sloughing of necrotic papilla, caused by diabetes, sickle cell, NSAIDs
Segmental sclerosis of glomeruli, foot process effacement, common in AA/hispanics
Incomplete bladder emptying, leakage with overfilling
Decreased renal blood flow causes tubular ischemia
Mesangial proliferation, IgA deposits on IF
Inherited defect in NaCl transporter in DCT
HintAnswer
ureteric bifurcation or doubling, increased UTI risk
Forms staghorn calculi, caused by urease positive bacteria
Coca cola urine, subepithelial humps, hypercellular glomeruli
Hematuria, arthralgias, rash, GI distress
Defective PCT bicarbonate reuptake, hypokalemia, acidosis
Cysts in cortex and medulla, seen with aneurysms and mitral valve prolapse
Found in pelvis, trapped by IMA
Flank pain, WBC casts, neutrophils in interstitium
Flank pain, eosinophilic casts, thyroidization of tubules
Bilateral outflow tract obstruction, increased FENa
Caused by PCT amino acid transporter defect, seen in children
Hematuria, basket weave GBM, eye/ear pathologies
Wire loop capillaries, caused by SLE
Eosinophils in urine, drug hypersensitivity reaction
Toxic necrosis of tubular epithelial cells in PCT
Diffuse GBM thickening, spike and dome pattern on EM
Wedge shaped crystals, caused by hypocitraturia
Painless hematuria, caused by cyclophosphamide, phenacetin, aniline dyes
eosinophilic nodular glomerulosclerosis (Kimmelstiel Wilson)
Painless hematuria, caused by chronic S. haematobium infection
Sporadic defect, nonfunctional kidney made of cysts, connective tissue
Common in kids, effaced podocytes, responds to steroids
Oligohydramnios leading to lung hypoplasia
Tubulointerstitial fibrosis, unable to concentrate urine, poor prognosis
Cystic dilation of collecting ducts, can cause oligohydramnios
Found in children, contains embryonic tissue, found in Beckwith-Wiedemmann

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