Science Quiz / Genetics Unit Review

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Can you name the the Genetics unit definition?

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QuestionAnswer
How many chromosomes do humans have?
A tool that shows the combinations of alleles
Different parts of the cell that have specialized functions
The process of cell divsion which results in the production of two daughter cells from a single parent cell.
Dividing of the chromosomes (including the DNA)
Spindle fibers move chromosomes to middle of the cell
Genes are located on structures called
When chromosmes get pulled all the way to the poles and you start to see two cells.
Gender that a circle represents on a pedigree
When you can see the chromosomes (the string has condensed and become thick enough to see)
Hereditary unit that controls a particular characteristic or trait
People with two of the same allele for a trait
The gene or allele that is expressed (seen) in an organism’s genotype. This trait masks the recessive trait
Characteristics of one’s physical makeup. These include hair colour, eye colour and height
Different forms (versions) of the same gene are called
Characteristic of a person or organism eg. eye colour
Characteristics of the way one acts. A sheepdogs herding instinct and a retrievers desire to fetch are good examples
QuestionAnswer
The center of the cell, the ‘brain’ of the cell
A coiled thread-like structure that contains the DNA
Bb
The study of inherited traits
Are the building blocks of life. Every living thing is made up of one or more
BB
Actual division of the cells
Father of genetics (the guy in in the pea garden)
The pair of genes you are carrying is called your
bb
Short name for deoxyribonucleic acid
The nucleic acid that contains the genetic information for cell growth, division, and function
Type of trait that you show (is expressed like eye color)
Gender that a square represents on a pedigree
This trait is not expressed in the organism’s phenotype even if it is present (unless is homozygous)
When two different alleles are present
Pictorial family trees where individuals showing a particular trait are marked.

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