Science Quiz / Earthquakes

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Can you name the vocabulary word?

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DefinitionVocabulary word
Wave which causes rock particles to move in a backward rolling and side to side swaying motion; this is the most destructive earthquake wave
A downward fold in rock formed by compression in Earth's crust
the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
a type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; caused by tension in the crust
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under stress and causes an earthquake
a type of fault where rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up or down motion
A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the size of its seismic waves
a scale that rates earthquakes according to their intensity and how much damage they cause at a particular place
a type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or side to side; it is the second wave to arrive at a seismograph
a tremor (or one of a series of tremors) occurring after the main shock of an earthquake
the block of rock that forms the upper half of a fault
measure of the energy released during an earthquake
The block of rock the forms the lower half of a fault
DefinitionVocabulary word
force that produces a strain on a physical body
a giant wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor
a building mounted on bearings designed to absorb the energy of an earthquake
a type of fault where the hanging wall slides upward; caused by compression in the crust
a seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a back-and-forth direction; it is the first wave to reach a seismogaph
the process by which an earthquake's violent movement suddenly turns loose soil into liquid mud
a fold in rock that bends upwards into an arch; looks like a frown
a force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in contact
a landform that has high elevation and a more or less level surface
a shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudden movement of masses of rock along a fault or by changes in the size and shape of masses of rock far beneath the earth'
a scale that rates earthquakes by estimating the total energy released by an earthquake
stress that pushes a mass of rock in opposite directions
an instrument that records earthquake waves
the physical condition of being stretched or strained

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