Science Quiz / Earthquakes

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DefinitionVocabulary word
the block of rock that forms the upper half of a fault
a shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudden movement of masses of rock along a fault or by changes in the size and shape of masses of rock far beneath the earth'
a type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; caused by tension in the crust
a force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in contact
measure of the energy released during an earthquake
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under stress and causes an earthquake
stress that pushes a mass of rock in opposite directions
the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
a tremor (or one of a series of tremors) occurring after the main shock of an earthquake
A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the size of its seismic waves
a scale that rates earthquakes according to their intensity and how much damage they cause at a particular place
The block of rock the forms the lower half of a fault
a type of fault where rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up or down motion
a landform that has high elevation and a more or less level surface
DefinitionVocabulary word
the process by which an earthquake's violent movement suddenly turns loose soil into liquid mud
a type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or side to side; it is the second wave to arrive at a seismograph
a building mounted on bearings designed to absorb the energy of an earthquake
the physical condition of being stretched or strained
force that produces a strain on a physical body
a fold in rock that bends upwards into an arch; looks like a frown
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
a scale that rates earthquakes by estimating the total energy released by an earthquake
an instrument that records earthquake waves
a giant wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor
A downward fold in rock formed by compression in Earth's crust
a seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a back-and-forth direction; it is the first wave to reach a seismogaph
Wave which causes rock particles to move in a backward rolling and side to side swaying motion; this is the most destructive earthquake wave
a type of fault where the hanging wall slides upward; caused by compression in the crust

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