Science Quiz / Earthquakes

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Can you name the vocabulary word?

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DefinitionVocabulary word
the block of rock that forms the upper half of a fault
a giant wave caused by an earthquake on the ocean floor
a type of fault where rocks on either side move past each other sideways with little up or down motion
a fold in rock that bends upwards into an arch; looks like a frown
a scale that rates earthquakes by estimating the total energy released by an earthquake
the physical condition of being stretched or strained
A downward fold in rock formed by compression in Earth's crust
a landform that has high elevation and a more or less level surface
the process by which an earthquake's violent movement suddenly turns loose soil into liquid mud
a building mounted on bearings designed to absorb the energy of an earthquake
a force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in contact
The block of rock the forms the lower half of a fault
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
Wave which causes rock particles to move in a backward rolling and side to side swaying motion; this is the most destructive earthquake wave
DefinitionVocabulary word
A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the size of its seismic waves
a type of fault where the hanging wall slides upward; caused by compression in the crust
a type of fault where the hanging wall slides downward; caused by tension in the crust
the point beneath Earth's surface where rock breaks under stress and causes an earthquake
force that produces a strain on a physical body
measure of the energy released during an earthquake
a type of seismic wave that moves the ground up and down or side to side; it is the second wave to arrive at a seismograph
a shaking or sliding of the ground. It is caused by the sudden movement of masses of rock along a fault or by changes in the size and shape of masses of rock far beneath the earth'
a seismic wave that causes particles of rock to move in a back-and-forth direction; it is the first wave to reach a seismogaph
the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
an instrument that records earthquake waves
a scale that rates earthquakes according to their intensity and how much damage they cause at a particular place
stress that pushes a mass of rock in opposite directions
a tremor (or one of a series of tremors) occurring after the main shock of an earthquake

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