Science Quiz / ECOLOGY ch14&ch15

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Can you name the Ecology Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
an interaction between species that enhances the fitness of the exploiting individual-the predator, the pathogen, etc.-while reducing the fitness of the exploited individual-the pr
an estimate of variation among means of samples drawn from a population
one minus the significance level, alpha, which is generally 0.05
a bush-shaped organ on an endomycorrhizal fungus that acts as a site of material exchange between the fungus and its host plant
tissue made up of the actively dividing cells responsible for plant growth
interactions between individuals of different species that benefit both partners
an association between a fungus and plant roote in which the fungus forms a mantle around roots and a netlike structure around root cells
a defensive tactic in which prey reduce their individual probability of being eaten by occuring at very high densities
cell growth in which all cell constituents, such as nitrogen, carbon, and DNA, increase at approximately the same rate.
nectar-secreting glands found on structures other than flowers, such as leaves
an organism that lives in or on another organism, called the host, deriving benefits from it
any organism that induces disease, a debilitating condition in their hosts
DefinitionTerm
a mutualistic relationship in which species are so dependent upon the relationship that they cannot live in its absence
movement of an organism towards light
storage organ in vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
long, thin filaments that form the basic structural unit of fungi
a heterotrophic organism that kills and eats other organisms for food
mycorrhizae in which the mycorrhizal fungus produces arbuscules (sites of exchange between plant and fungus), hyphae (fungal filaments), and vesicles (fungal energy storage organs
movement of an organism away from light
the relative selection costs or benefits associated with a particular biological trait
a range of values within which the true population mean occurs with a particular probability called the level of confidence
a mutualistic relationship between two species that is not required for the survival of the two species
an insect whose larva consumes its host and kills it in the process

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