Science Quiz / ECOLOGY Ch5: Temperature Relations

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DefinitionTerm
transfer of heat through electromagnetic radiation, mainly infared light
physiological adjustment to change in particular environmental factor
dormant state some animals enter during summer; involves reduced metabolic rate
prevailing climate of a region
Process in which the photosynthetic pigments of plants, algae, or bacteria absorb light and transfer their energy to electrons
process by which a liquid changes from liquid phase to gas, as in the change from liquid water to water vapor
Term applied to organisms that tolerate/require high-temperaure environments
state of low metabolic rate and lowered body temperature
DefinitionTerm
organism that uses metabolic energy to maintain a relatively constant body temperature
if an organism allocates energy to one function, like growth or reproduction, it reduces the amount of energy available to other functions
organisms that relies mainly on external sources of energy for regulating body temperature
small-scale variation in a climate caused by a distinctive substrate, location, or aspect.
dormant state, involving reduced metabolic rate, that occurs in some animals during winter
organism that relies on internal sources of energy for regulating body temperature
Hm; energy released within an organism during the process of cellular respiration
organisms whose body temperature varies directly with environmental temperatures
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