Science Quiz / ECOLOGY Ch3: Life in Water

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Can you name the ECOLOGY Ch3: Life in Water terms?

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DefinitionTerm
A coral reef that forms near the shore of an island or continent
animals that drift in surface of waters of oceans/lakes; most are microscopic.
theory of river ecology identifying periodic flooding as an essential organizer of river ecosystem structure and functioning.
lower most part of a river, which is under the influence of the tides and is a mixture of seawater and freshwater
a marine shore ecosystem dominated by herbaceous, vegetation, found mainly along sandy shores from temperate to high latitudes.
heterotrophic organism that eats a wide range of food, usually including animal and plant matter
zone below benthic zone of a stream; zone of transition between surface streamwater flow and groundwater
generally refers to lakes of low nutrient content, abundant oxygen, and low primary production.
Predator that eats fish
Transition between aquatic environment of a river/stream and upland terrestrial environment, generally subject to periodic flooding and elevated groundwater
A long, ridgelike reef that parallels the mainland and is separated from it by a deep lagoon
open lake beyond the littoral zone
a model that predicts change in physical structure, dominant organisms, and ecosystem processes along the length of temperate rivers.
movement of deeper ocean water to the surface; occurs most commonly along the west coasts of continents and around antarctica
large-scale, circular oceanic current that moves to the right in northern hem. and left in southern hem.
DefinitionTerm
The salt content of water
microscopic photosynthetic organisms that drift with the currents in open sea/lakes
depth zone in a lake/ocean through which temp. changes rapidly with depth
a heterotrophic organism that eats insect
Numerical classification of streams whereby they occur in a stream drainage network; headwater streams are 1st order; joining 2 first order streams are 2nd order, joining 2 2nd ord
middle value in a series of measurements or observations, chosen so that there are equal numbers of measurements in the series that are larger than the median and smaller than the
adjective referring to bottom of bodies of waters such as seas, lakes, or streams
Zone between the highest & lowest tides among marine shores
applied to lakes and sometimes other ecosystems with high nutrient content and high biological production.
Marine life zones/organisms above the bottom
circle of low islands and coral reefs encircling a lagoon, generally formed on a submerged mountain ccalled a seamount
sun-driven cycle of water through the biosphere through evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation, and run-off.
shallowest waters along a lake or ocean shore; where rooted aquatic plants may grow in lakes.
a forest of subtropical and tropical marine shores dominated by salt-tolerant woody plants, such as rhizophora

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