History Quiz / Sociology

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Can you name the sociology terms?

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DefinitionTerm
learned set of social arrangements that reveal psychological, social, and cultural differences between males and females
He believed that class relations in capitalism was based on power, conflict, exploitation, and domination and oppression
owners of means of production; one of the two groups that Marx believed people fit into
group of people who share a set of characteristics; are said to share common bloodline
an intellectual movement with the underlying belief that women and men should be accorded equal opportunities and respect
transitioning from one social group to another situated more or less on the same rung of the ladder
transgender people who live or wish to live full-time as members of the gender opposite their birth sex
society where status and mobility are based on individual attributes, ability, and achievement
response to domination where oppressed group goes against the domination through a movement such as revolution or genocide or through nonviolent protest
sum of family's assets -- real estate, bank account balances, stock holdings, retirement, etc
He believed in life chances and that class is largely based on property ownership and skills; human capital
refers to the forms of social organization in which men are dominant over women
response to domination where oppressed group feigns compliance and hides its true feelings of resentment
salary, wages
network of social connections that can be mobilized for use
structured social inequality; occurs when people (in groups) are ranked in a hierarchy that differentiates them as superior or inferior
those chances or possibilities that create opportunities to generate income
legal or social practice of separating people on the basis of their race or ethnicity
movement between different positions within a system of social stratification in a given society
idea that various socially and culturally constructed categories of discrimination interact on multiple and often simultaneous levels, contributing to systematic social inequality
material wealth or economic power
cultural practices and outlooks that have emerged historically and tend to set people apart; voluntary, nonhierarchal, less unequal
system of stratification that has a governing elite, a few leaders who broadly hold the power of society
racism in which overt acts by people harm others or their property
biological differences that distinguish between males and females
refers to political power or group with more wealth, power, prestige
dominant and privileged, if invisible, category of men
response to domination where oppressed group flees such as the Jewish population did after Nazi persecution in Poland
notion that when more than one person is responsible for getting something done, the incentive is for each person to shirk responsibility and hope others pull extra weight
harmful or negative acts against people deemed inferior on basis of racial category
DefinitionTerm
notion that all people are created equally under the eyes of God
umbrella term used to describe people whose gender identity or gender expression differs from that usually associated wth their birth sex
when banks and insurance companies charge more for same services (or deny services altogether) for residents based on where they live
negative thoughts and feelings about an ethnic or racial group
broad range of knowledge about the world
intersections of hierarchies of class, race, sexual orientation, nation, gender, and other factors in which each of us exists
response to domination where oppressed group blends in with dominant group
idea that people can occupy locations in the class structure which fall between the two 'pure' classes; Erik Olin Wright
measure of person's class primarily using occupation, income, wealth, education to determine where they fall on a stratified social system
theories which say that cultural or biological inferiorities are responsible for inequalities
politically based system of stratification characterized by limited mobility
desire, sexual preference, sexual identity, and behavior
change of cultural patterns to those of host society
science of genetic lines and the inheritable traits they pass on from generation to generation; 'well-born'
He believed that power relations matter but that people did not necessarily fit into two distinct groups
rise and fall of an individual from one social stratum to another
measure of changes in social statuses from parents' to children's generations
an invisible lid on women's climb up the employment ladder
owners of labor power; one of the two groups Marx believed people fit into
knowledge and skills that make someone more productive and bankable
religious based system of stratification characterized by limited mobility
an illegal form of discrimination, involving everything from inappropriate jokes on the job to outright sexual assault to sexual 'bartar'
economically based system of stratification characterized by relative categorization and loose social mobility
theories which say that inequality exists because of prejudiced members of society
promotional ride men take to the top of a work organization, especially in feminized jobs
system of stratification based on social prestige
presence and engaged coexistence of numerous distrinct groups in one society
theories which say that inequality exists because it is embedded into social institutions
racism that occurs when the social arrangements and accepted ways of doing things in a society disadvantages a racial group
middle class whites move to suburbs; blacks 'trapped' in innercities

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