Miscellaneous Quiz / Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
The process of forming impressions of others
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Girl loves father and hates mother
Impressions are influenced by three things:
DefinitionAnswer
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Attributing your feelings to another
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
The self; balances other two
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
No erection
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Distancing from sex
Motivation from within (internal)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
No interest in sexuality
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Contributions to attraction: four things
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Boy loves mother and hates father
DefinitionAnswer
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
No sweating
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Yielding to social pressure
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure

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