Miscellaneous Quiz / Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Distancing from sex
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
No interest in sexuality
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
The process of forming impressions of others
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
DefinitionAnswer
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
The self; balances other two
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Boy loves mother and hates father
No erection
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Yielding to social pressure
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Attributing your feelings to another
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Contributions to attraction: four things
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
No sweating
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Girl loves father and hates mother
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
DefinitionAnswer
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Motivation from within (internal)
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)

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