Miscellaneous Quiz / Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Attributing your feelings to another
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
DefinitionAnswer
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Yielding to social pressure
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
No interest in sexuality
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Boy loves mother and hates father
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
No erection
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
No sweating
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
DefinitionAnswer
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
The process of forming impressions of others
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Motivation from within (internal)
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Distancing from sex
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Girl loves father and hates mother
The self; balances other two
Contributions to attraction: four things
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal

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