Miscellaneous Quiz / Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
No interest in sexuality
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
No erection
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
The self; balances other two
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
DefinitionAnswer
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Distancing from sex
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
Boy loves mother and hates father
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
DefinitionAnswer
Contributions to attraction: four things
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
The process of forming impressions of others
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Girl loves father and hates mother
Impressions are influenced by three things:
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Motivation from within (internal)
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Yielding to social pressure
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
No sweating
Attributing your feelings to another
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Refusal to accept a difficult fact

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