Miscellaneous Quiz / Psychology Terms

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Can you name the Psychology Terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
Piaget's Development Stage 2 (pretend play, egocentrism, language development)
Motivation from within (internal)
The conscience; holds values and ideas for the self
Jobs should be highly structured and fool-proof with high levels of supervision.
Sexual attraction to children under age of puberty
Erickson (integrity vs. despair)
Causes great pain; general pain disorder
Subfield concerned with how individuals are influenced by others
One side favors external attributions for their behavior while other side favors internal attribution
Assessment on how unconscious mind influences behavior
When out of homeostasis, body may generate discomfort, which decreases with behavior that restores homeostasis.
Using logic to find a way to justify our behavior or thoughts
Changing unacceptable impulses into acceptable
Displaying behavior typical of an earlier stage of development
Component of attitude formation: what you are willing to do about it
When a victim is blamed for their misfortune, so that one feels less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
Erickson (autonomy vs. shame and doubt)
Inability to achieve orgasm even after long attempts
Exposing oneself to people who aren't prepared in order to become sexually aroused
The tendency to be 'on top of your game' when in the presence of observers. However, social observation can also have the opposite effect.
Erickson (trust/mistrust)
Factors responsible for Milgram obedience:
Yielding to social pressure
The tendency to input less effort or be less likely to assist when there is perception that others are available to pick up the 'slack.'
The guiding force or motivation for our behavior is to fulfull our potential.
Genitals become engorged with blood causing erection and swelling of labia.
Contributions to attraction: four things
Piaget's Development Stage 3 (conservation, logical thinking, math)
Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, especially during times of high anxiety
Ability to withstand immediate reward in favor of long-term reward.
Period of time required for reinstatement of sexual response cycle.
DefinitionAnswer
Girl loves father and hates mother
Sexual excitement from watching people who don't know they're being watched
These attributions assume behavior is due to contextual demands or environmental conditions
Polygraph assessment which translates arousal into easily understood stimuli, and allows us to monitor our own level of arousal
This group process which states that like-minded groups are more likely to yield more extreme conclusions after group discussion.
Refusal to accept a difficult fact
Component of attitude formation: what you believe
Other physiological signs of arousal (breathing, heartrate, flushing...)
Engaging in an opposite behavior to an 'unacceptable' feeling
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived from release
Need to have feces as part of sexual arousal
Displaying feelings onto an inappropriate target
Inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others' behavior, and their own behavior
External stimuli, then physiological response followed by predicted emotional response
Component of attitude formation: how you feel about it
These attributions assume behavior is due to personal characteristics.
The self; balances other two
Boy loves mother and hates father
Psychosexual stage; genital related fixation
Erickson (generativity vs. stagnation)
The guiding motivation in our behavior is unconditional positive regard.
Erickson (competence vs. inferiority)
Arousal to something which has become associated with sex, but is not sex
When group members feel pressure to conform to the group and stop critically thinking (to avoid dissention in the group).
Use of non-sexual objects for stimulus
Erickson (initiative vs. guilt)
No erection
Doing an act for its own sake, pleasure of the act
External stimuli with physiological arousal, then cognition, then emotional experience
Unexpected touching for sexual arousal
Cannon suggests that this system's over activation is responsible for death during 'boning'
DefinitionAnswer
No interest in sexuality
Attributing your feelings to another
Impressions are influenced by three things:
Employees like variety and responsibility and should be given challenges and accountability.
The process of forming impressions of others
Over-analysis of difficult realties
Instead of restoring equilibrium, organisms may seek levels of higher arousal (ie thrill-seeking)
Erickson (identity vs. role confusion)
A way to keep id and superego happy at the same time
External stimuli, then physiological response and emotional experience happen at the same time
Tendency to attribute one's successes to personal factors and one's failures to situational factors.
Piaget's Development Stage 4 (abstract thinking)
Body-wide muscle contractions, focuses around genitals, positioning of uterus, contractions of the cervix
Basedow suggests that this system is responsible for death during the 'boning' process.
Pushing memories into the unconscious to be avoided
Primary motivation comes from outside (external)
Piaget's Development Stage 1 (object permanence, stranger anxiety)
People are less likely to help others when they are in groups than when they are alone.
When mistakes are made, we tend to over-estimate the importance of trait variable in others and context variables in ourselves.
The beast; only function is to seek pleasure at any cost
No sweating
Stages of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
Psychosexual stage; satisfaction derived feeding
Psychosexual stage; develop fixations based on earlier unresolved conflicts which manifest is adult behavior
Requires pain for arousal and orgasm
Distancing from sex
Situational pressures can make people obey instructions that go against their belief systems.
Learning history can increase the pull of certain stimuli.
Need to cause others pain to have sexual pleasure
Erickson (intimacy vs. isolation)
Doing an act to obtain an external reinforcer, or avoid a punisher

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