Miscellaneous Quiz / History & Systems 2

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Can you name the PSY 315 stuff?

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goals of romantics (3)
Rousseau was a ______
rationalist; sought to understand meaning of life; emphasis on the whole or absolute, use of dialectic process to get to absolute
Hegel was a ______
physiologist; concluded that brain works as interconnected whole (contradicted phrenology); used ablation; discovered functions of cerebral lobes, cerebellum, medulla oblongata
rationalist; grandma philosophy - nativist/naive realist; 43 innate faculties of mind, influenced phrenology&Gestalt psych
romantic; Apollonian (rational) vs. Dionysian (irrational); concept of supermen & will to power - act as we feel, be true to self; irrational side must also be expressed
empiricist; idea formation from sensory data that vibrate nerves; voluntary behavior=recognition of outcome, gave physiological explanation of cognition
physiologist; found area where speech comprehension occurs; this aphasia means losing the ability to form meaningful speech
philosophy interested in both irrational and rational aspects of human nature; must study whole person
Leibniz was a ______
physiologist; work on nerves similar to Magendie's and nephew got his work attached to Magendie's through political tactics
Wernicke was a ______
Gall was a ______
Herbart was a ______
rationalist; pantheism/determinism; emotion&attitude formation=survival as primary motivation, association, & generalization; use reasoning to overcome passions
1st British empiricist; materialist/mechanist/determinist; contributed notion of attention span, decaying memory traces, hedonistic motivation, & complex ideas based on association
Magendie was a ______
Bartholow was a ______
Reid was a ______
rationalist; active mind that constructs; experience=faulty perception; innate categories of mind, cause/effect can't be explained through sensory alone; whole differs from sum of
these two were part of the phrenology cult and made big money traveling around, reading bumps on people's heads
Hume was a ______
Hartley was a ______
Whytt was a ______
rationalist; reconciliation of science&religion; no ideas come from experience, nativist, monads; thresholds-continuity, apperception&limen
knowledge is gained primarily through sensory experience = foundation of all ideas
empiricist; mind=blank sheet of paper w/ some innate faculties; ideas=result of sensation or reflection, primary & secondary qualities; paradox of basins
physiologist; experiment on small dogs, found that dorsal nerves=sensation & ventral nerves=movement
Mill was a ______
Muller was a ______
Bell was a ______
investigated brain functions (phrenology) - doctrine of the skull (some observations=correct); one assumption: if a location of brain was well-developed, there would be a correspon
physiologist; electrical stimulation of human brain; patient dies 3 days later; bringing up the issue of ethics
Bain was a ______
Broca was a ______
physiologist; doctrine of specific nerve energies=5 different types of sensory nerves, when stimulated each communicates different type of info to brain
physiologist; investigation of spinal cord led to discovery of reflexes in frogs
physiologist; combined ablation with electrical stimulation to advance studies in localization; found precise motor movements in monkeys; able to localize 1st brain tumor, which wa
Berkeley was a ______
Schopenhauer was a ______
Helmholtz was a ______
Goethe was a ______
these two researched localization of brain function in animals using eletrical current - stimulate one side=motor function on opposite side
Flourens was a ______
Spurzheim was a ______
Spinoza was a ______
this woman came to Bartholow with a hole in her head and became the subject for his experiment on electrical stimulation of the brain
Kant was a ______
romantic; life is characterized by choices b/t opposing forces (pleasure/pain, love/hate, etc); coming to terms with opposites=personal growth
belief that mind is active or adds something meaningful to sensory data that is different from experience alone
physiologist; conservation of energy; science to make better world; early self-report with reaction times; we learn perception; color vision theory w/ Young
empiricist; proposed active mind; ideas form from mental chemistry, stream of consciousness, primary & secondary laws
empiricist; advocated science of man; began experiments on human nature (inductive), association through cause and effect
Ferrier was a ______
physiologist; found evidence of the localization of the speech center of brain, which is specialized for speech production or articulation
Locke was a ______
romantic; life/death - fear of death so motivated by survival instincts; happiness=overcoming cycle of suffering, must go outside irrationalism; repression of undesirable thoughts
empiricist; religious, hated what materialism did to religion; mind+perception=reality, distance perception; we're tapped into God's perception=can trust senses
romantic; general will vs. personal will - put aside personal for the good of the whole; accept general will (noble savage)
Hobbes was a ______
this is the foundation of scientific psychology and provided credibility for the field of psychology
Neitzsche was a ______
Hitzig was a ______
empiricist; wrote 1st texts in psych; founded 1st psych journal; association-based theory of motivation (voluntary behavior) - form of trial & error learning
Fritsch was a ______
rationalist; mind acts as integrated whole, ideas based on sensory info, active mind - apperceptive mass&limen, schema, forbearer of ed psych

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