Miscellaneous Quiz / History & Systems 2

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Can you name the PSY 315 stuff?

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Gall was a ______
physiologist; conservation of energy; science to make better world; early self-report with reaction times; we learn perception; color vision theory w/ Young
physiologist; doctrine of specific nerve energies=5 different types of sensory nerves, when stimulated each communicates different type of info to brain
Hartley was a ______
Whytt was a ______
Magendie was a ______
romantic; life/death - fear of death so motivated by survival instincts; happiness=overcoming cycle of suffering, must go outside irrationalism; repression of undesirable thoughts
romantic; Apollonian (rational) vs. Dionysian (irrational); concept of supermen & will to power - act as we feel, be true to self; irrational side must also be expressed
1st British empiricist; materialist/mechanist/determinist; contributed notion of attention span, decaying memory traces, hedonistic motivation, & complex ideas based on association
physiologist; electrical stimulation of human brain; patient dies 3 days later; bringing up the issue of ethics
physiologist; found area where speech comprehension occurs; this aphasia means losing the ability to form meaningful speech
Muller was a ______
rationalist; pantheism/determinism; emotion&attitude formation=survival as primary motivation, association, & generalization; use reasoning to overcome passions
Hume was a ______
Berkeley was a ______
Bell was a ______
physiologist; investigation of spinal cord led to discovery of reflexes in frogs
rationalist; active mind that constructs; experience=faulty perception; innate categories of mind, cause/effect can't be explained through sensory alone; whole differs from sum of
physiologist; work on nerves similar to Magendie's and nephew got his work attached to Magendie's through political tactics
these two were part of the phrenology cult and made big money traveling around, reading bumps on people's heads
Spinoza was a ______
Neitzsche was a ______
physiologist; combined ablation with electrical stimulation to advance studies in localization; found precise motor movements in monkeys; able to localize 1st brain tumor, which wa
empiricist; wrote 1st texts in psych; founded 1st psych journal; association-based theory of motivation (voluntary behavior) - form of trial & error learning
Reid was a ______
empiricist; religious, hated what materialism did to religion; mind+perception=reality, distance perception; we're tapped into God's perception=can trust senses
Goethe was a ______
Bartholow was a ______
empiricist; mind=blank sheet of paper w/ some innate faculties; ideas=result of sensation or reflection, primary & secondary qualities; paradox of basins
Locke was a ______
Hitzig was a ______
Schopenhauer was a ______
philosophy interested in both irrational and rational aspects of human nature; must study whole person
rationalist; mind acts as integrated whole, ideas based on sensory info, active mind - apperceptive mass&limen, schema, forbearer of ed psych
this is the foundation of scientific psychology and provided credibility for the field of psychology
rationalist; sought to understand meaning of life; emphasis on the whole or absolute, use of dialectic process to get to absolute
empiricist; idea formation from sensory data that vibrate nerves; voluntary behavior=recognition of outcome, gave physiological explanation of cognition
Herbart was a ______
Wernicke was a ______
Broca was a ______
Fritsch was a ______
romantic; general will vs. personal will - put aside personal for the good of the whole; accept general will (noble savage)
this woman came to Bartholow with a hole in her head and became the subject for his experiment on electrical stimulation of the brain
Mill was a ______
Bain was a ______
Spurzheim was a ______
Hegel was a ______
goals of romantics (3)
Hobbes was a ______
Flourens was a ______
investigated brain functions (phrenology) - doctrine of the skull (some observations=correct); one assumption: if a location of brain was well-developed, there would be a correspon
empiricist; proposed active mind; ideas form from mental chemistry, stream of consciousness, primary & secondary laws
Leibniz was a ______
physiologist; experiment on small dogs, found that dorsal nerves=sensation & ventral nerves=movement
belief that mind is active or adds something meaningful to sensory data that is different from experience alone
Rousseau was a ______
rationalist; reconciliation of science&religion; no ideas come from experience, nativist, monads; thresholds-continuity, apperception&limen
Helmholtz was a ______
Ferrier was a ______
knowledge is gained primarily through sensory experience = foundation of all ideas
Kant was a ______
rationalist; grandma philosophy - nativist/naive realist; 43 innate faculties of mind, influenced phrenology&Gestalt psych
empiricist; advocated science of man; began experiments on human nature (inductive), association through cause and effect
physiologist; found evidence of the localization of the speech center of brain, which is specialized for speech production or articulation
these two researched localization of brain function in animals using eletrical current - stimulate one side=motor function on opposite side
romantic; life is characterized by choices b/t opposing forces (pleasure/pain, love/hate, etc); coming to terms with opposites=personal growth
physiologist; concluded that brain works as interconnected whole (contradicted phrenology); used ablation; discovered functions of cerebral lobes, cerebellum, medulla oblongata

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