Science Quiz / Chapter 2 Earthquakes

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Can you name the Chapter 2 Earthquakes Key Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
The point on the surface directly above the focus
Fastest seismic waves
The area beneath Earth's surface where rock that is under stress breaks, triggering an earthquake
A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level
Instrument used to measure and detect seismic waves
A force that acts on rock to change its shape
Type of seismic waves that compress and expand the ground
Type of stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
Type of seismic waves that cause the most damage
Type of boundary reverse faults form along
Type of fault caused by shearing
Instrument that measures fault movement by having liquid flow from one bulb to another on either side of a fault
A fold in rock that bends downward
This occurs when shaking during an earthquake turns loose, soft soil into liquid mud
Block of rock that lies below the fault
Type of boundary normal faults form along
DefinitionTerm
Slowest seimsic waves
An earthquake that occurs after a larger earthquake in the same area
Block of rock that lies above the fault
Type of seismic waves that move the ground in all directions
The record of an earthquake's waves produced by a seismograph
Type of stress that pulls on the crust in opposite directions
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
Instrument that measures fault movement by having a wire stretched across a fault
Type of fault caused by tension
True or false: The more severe an earthquake is, the higher the lines on the seismogram.
Type of fault caused by compression
Type of seismic waves that move the ground up and down and side to side
True or false: The closer an earthquake is to a seismograph, the higher the lines on the seismogram.
Type of boundary strike-slip faults form along
A large wave that forms when an earthquake occurs undersea

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