Science Quiz / Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms

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Can you name the Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Temperatures on the moon's surface are either extremely hot or extremely cold because the moon has no _____.
Which is larger in size, the moon or Earth?
The different shapes of the moon you see from Earth
The rise and fall of ocean water that occurs every 12.5 hours or so
Are winter and summer equinoxes or solstices?
If the distance between two objects increases, with the gravitational force between them increase or decrease?
Type of tide with the least difference between consecutive low and high tides
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in space
True or false: The maria are seas on the moon.
The dark, flat areas on the moon
The imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the North and South poles
What two factors combine to keep Earth in orbit around the sun and the moon in orbit around Earth?
The force that attracts all objects toward each other
Type of tide that occurs during a first-quarter moon and third-quarter moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are at a right angle
Craters were formed by the impacts of ______, which are chunks of rock or dust from space.
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
The amount of matter in an object
Type of tide with the greatest difference between consecutive low and high tides
The two days of the year when neither hemisphere is tilted toward or away from the sun
Large round pits on the moon
Which has a higher mass, the moon or Earth?
The two days of the year when the Earth is tilted the most towards or away from the sun
Type of tide that occurs during a new moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are lined up
DefinitionTerm
When an object in space comes between the sun and a third object, it casts a shadow on that object, causing this
The spinning of Earth on its axis
During a(n) _____, there are equal amounts of time of day and night.
Are spring and fall equinoxes or solstices?
The number of hours it takes for Earth to rotate once
Motion of the Earth that causes night and day
Which can change depending on its location, mass or weight?
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, what season is it experiencing?
This law states that an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with a constant speed and direction unless acted on by a force.
The larger part of the moon's shadow
The light-colored features of the moon
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, what season is it experiencing?
If the mass of an object increases, will it exert a stronger or weaker gravitational force?
Theory that explains how the moon formed
Newton's law of ______ states that every object in the universe attracts every other object.
Type of eclipse that occurs when the moon passes directly between Earth and the sun, blocking sunlight from Earth
The shape of Earth's orbit
The tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
Earth has seasons because its axis is _____.
The darker, smaller part of the moon's shadow
The movement of one object around another
Type of eclipse that occurs at a full moon when Earth is directly between the moon and the sun

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