Science Quiz / Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms

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Can you name the Chapter 1 Earth, Moon, and Sun Terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Type of tide with the least difference between consecutive low and high tides
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, what season is it experiencing?
The imaginary line that passes through Earth's center and the North and South poles
Type of tide that occurs during a new moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are lined up
Type of eclipse that occurs at a full moon when Earth is directly between the moon and the sun
The dark, flat areas on the moon
Type of tide with the greatest difference between consecutive low and high tides
The shape of Earth's orbit
The amount of matter in an object
Which is larger in size, the moon or Earth?
Newton's law of ______ states that every object in the universe attracts every other object.
The two days of the year when the Earth is tilted the most towards or away from the sun
If the mass of an object increases, will it exert a stronger or weaker gravitational force?
The tendency of an object to resist a change in motion
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in space
During a(n) _____, there are equal amounts of time of day and night.
The number of hours it takes for Earth to rotate once
When an object in space comes between the sun and a third object, it casts a shadow on that object, causing this
Which has a higher mass, the moon or Earth?
The two days of the year when neither hemisphere is tilted toward or away from the sun
Temperatures on the moon's surface are either extremely hot or extremely cold because the moon has no _____.
The force that attracts all objects toward each other
This law states that an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with a constant speed and direction unless acted on by a force.
DefinitionTerm
The rise and fall of ocean water that occurs every 12.5 hours or so
The spinning of Earth on its axis
Motion of the Earth that causes night and day
What two factors combine to keep Earth in orbit around the sun and the moon in orbit around Earth?
The movement of one object around another
Type of tide that occurs during a first-quarter moon and third-quarter moon, when the moon, sun, and Earth are at a right angle
The light-colored features of the moon
The different shapes of the moon you see from Earth
The larger part of the moon's shadow
Earth has seasons because its axis is _____.
Craters were formed by the impacts of ______, which are chunks of rock or dust from space.
The darker, smaller part of the moon's shadow
Theory that explains how the moon formed
Are winter and summer equinoxes or solstices?
True or false: The maria are seas on the moon.
A measure of the force of gravity on an object
Are spring and fall equinoxes or solstices?
Large round pits on the moon
Which can change depending on its location, mass or weight?
If the distance between two objects increases, with the gravitational force between them increase or decrease?
If the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, what season is it experiencing?
Type of eclipse that occurs when the moon passes directly between Earth and the sun, blocking sunlight from Earth

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