History Quiz / What is 100 Years of New Jersey?

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Can you answer these Jeopardy-style trivia questions from the last 100 years of New Jersey history?

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AnswerQuestion
1917: Hudson County political boss Frank Hague begins his three-decade reign as mayor of this city, where he was born and raised in the Second Ward.
1918: Best known for his poem 'The Trees', this New Brunswick-born poet is killed during the Second Battle of the Marne outside Paris, just three months before World War I ends.
1919: This one-time New Jersey governor and former Princeton University president suffers a major stroke while serving a slightly more prominent presidential post.
1920: The borough of Oceanport, best known for being home to this sporting venue, is incorporated from a penninsular portion of Eatontown in Monmouth County.
1921: The first Miss America Pageant is held here, with Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C, winning the inagural title; a New Jersey woman won't win until 1937.
1922: Work begins on a bridge named after this Founding Father; it opens in 1926 and remains the oldest of the major crossings between Philadelphia and South Jersey.
1923: The Navy's first rigid airship, the USS Shenandoah, makes it first flight from this naval station in Manchester; it later makes the first airship crossing of North America.
1924: This future U.S. senator is born in Paterson; nearly 90 years later, the newly-built Secaucus Junction train station is named after him.
1925: The towns of Union Hill and West Hoboken merge to form this city on the Hudson Palisades that is currently the 17th largest municipality in New Jersey.
1926: This Jersey City native begins his first term as governor; he goes on to serve three non-consecutive terms, the only person to do so.
1927: The Hudson River Vehicular Tunnel connecting Manhattan and Jersey City opens under this name of its initial chief engineer, who died of a heart attack three years earlier.
1928: Mexican aviator and national hero Emilio Carranza dies in a plane crash in this heavily forested area of South Jersey; today, a 12-foot memorial marks the spot in Tabernacle.
1929: The planned community of Radburn is built within this Bergen County borough, incorporating pedestrian paths, superblocks, cul-de-sacs and a still-operating train station.
1930: A future U.S. Senator from New Jersey, Nicholas F. Brady -- who will hold this cabinet position under two presidents in the late '80s and early '90s -- is born in New York.
1931: This bridge spanning the Hudson between the sites of two Revolutionary War forts opens, although the traffic for which it is best known doesn't clog the roadways until 2013.
1932: This aviator's 20-month-old toddler is kidnapped from his East Amwell home; the body is found two months later in neighboring Hopewell Township.
1933: Boasting a 50-foot screen and 400 parking spots, the first drive-in theater in the U.S. opens on Admiral Wilson Blvd., a stone's throw beyond this South Jersey city's limits.
1934: Trucks are barred from using this three-and-a-half-mile bridge, which crosses two rivers and the industrial district of South Kearny, just two years after it opens.
1935: Thanks to political goofiness, this many men hold the position of (or act as) Governor of New Jersey in a span of two weeks, ending with South Amboy native Harold G. Hoffman.
1936: This future lawyer and law professor is born in Trenton, where he lives until moving to Queens at age six; he becomes the first Italian-American on the Supreme Court in 1986.
1937: This German airship famously catches fire and crashes at the aforementioned naval station in Manchester, killing 36 and bringing the airship era to an abrupt end.
1938: Orson Welles broadcasts a radio play of an alien invasion in the Grovers Mill section of West Windsor … only, some people aren't in on the gag and react accordingly.
1939: The White Mana diner opens on Tonnele Avenue in Jersey City as part of this event, which primarily takes place two rivers away in Flushing Meadows Park, Queens.
1940: This singer, herself the daughter of a renowned New Jersey-born crooner, is born in Jersey City; her father pens a song when she is five describing her 'Laughing Face'.
1941: Dubbed 'America's First Defense Airport', this military airport opens as a gunnery school for fighter pilots in Cumberland County, 10 miles south of Vineland.
1942: This theoretical physicist, who goes on to work on the Manhattan Project and receive a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, earns his PhD from Princeton University.
1943: Naval Weapons Station Earle opens, featuring the Mainside area and a Waterfront Area in Middletown's Leonardo section, whose pier is sheltered from the ocean by this.
1944: FDR wins a fourth term, though it is unknown if his razor-thin 1.35% margin in New Jersey caused any local papers to proclaim this Republic challenger the victor.
1945: Two boroughs bearing this peninsula's name are absorbed by Lower Twp. due to dwindling population in one and devastation from the 1944 Great Atlantic Hurricane in the other.
1946: Dino Crocetti and Newark's own Joseph Levitch, better known by these stage names, perform for the first time together at Atlantic City's 500 Club … and get a so-so receptio
1947: This governor is inagurated; during his two terms, he is a major supporter of the Turnpike and Parkway; the latter now features a massive 15-lane bridge that bears his name.
1948: The controversial trial of six African American defendants wrongly accused of killing a white shop keeper begins here, leading the group to be dubbed 'The _____ Six'.
1949: This poet and Rutherford native writes the third book in his five-part epic poem 'Paterson'; in 1950, he wins the inagural National Book Award for Poetry for his efforts.
1950: Shrewsbury becomes the state's smallest township at 0.1 sq. mi. with the departure of this borough, the home of the tallest waterfall on the coastal plain.
AnswerQuestion
1951: This toll road opens as the first in New Jersey and the third in the U.S.; it is 118 miles long and four lanes wide, but today has 148 miles of roadway with up to 14 lanes.
1952: This 'super' actor is born in New York, but moves to Princeton by 1956 where he attends Princeton Day School; he is a standout hockey player, but pursues acting instead.
1953: This Russian spy -- who spent five years working for the Army Signal Corps Engineering Laboratories at Fort Monmouth in Eatontown -- is executed at Sing Sing Prison.
1954: Just 85 years after being incorporated, Raritan Township in Middlesex County is renamed after this inventor, who built the first industrial research lab there in 1876.
1955: This actor is born to a military father in Germany, but grows up in a blue-collar home in Carneys Point; in 1987, he earns his first leading role in the film 'Blind Date'.
1956: Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill authorizing the creation of these across the country; today, there are 10 in New Jersey, including five that are at least 65 miles long.
1957: After customs officials seize 520 copies of the epic poem 'Howl' by this Newark-born poet, publisher Lawrence Ferlinghetti faces an obscentiy trial ... but is found innocent.
1958: This singer, actor and former Rutgers football star was blacklisted in the early '50s for his Communist ties, but begins a comeback tour after his passport is restored.
1959: This all-boys college preparatory school opens in the Lincroft section of Middletown and begins teaching its students their ABC's … hopefully in that order.
1960: A remnant of this prehistoric lake that was drained by a modern river of the same name, the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge is established in southeastern Morris County.
1961: The Scudder Falls Bridge opens, carrying I-95 across this river; today, it is the most downstream freeway crossing of that river that is untolled in both directions.
1962: This subset of the Port Authority takes over operation of the Hudson Tubes from the bankrupt Hudson & Manhattan Railroad, which had been running trains along them since 1907.
1963: After five years of being known by this name assocated with large post-World War II suburban housing developments for veterans, the name 'Willingboro' is restored.
1964: This sub shop -- which is now a global chain headquartered in Scottsdale, AZ -- is established in Hoboken by three classmates from Saint Peter's Prep.
1965: This newspaper is forced to print a reduced 10-page edition using the Newark Evening News' presses due to a regional blackout affecting 30 million people for up to 13 hours.
1966: This football coach is born in Wyckoff and attends Ramapo High School before leaving the state to attend Bucknell; he would return in 2001 to helm then-stagnant Rutgers.
1967: President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin meet for a three-day summit at Hollybush Mansion, the residence of this Gloucester County college's president.
1968: Atlantic County political boss Enoch 'Nucky' Johnson, the inspiration for the fictionalized character Nucky Thompson on this HBO series, dies in Northfield at age 85.
1969: Oyster Creek Nuclear Generating Station, the oldest nuclear power plant in the U.S., goes online in this town on Barnegat Bay.
1970: After much debate (and after nearly 300 years), the Rutgers University Board of Governors votes to admit this class of student into its primary liberal arts college.
1971: The Camden 28 raid a draft office and destroy thousands of draft documents both to protest this American conflict; two years later, all 28 participants are acquitted.
1972: This NBA star is born in Newark, beginning the journey to becoming a 7-foot-1, 325-pound man with a size 23 shoe who is inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame in 2009.
1973: This artist's debut album, 'Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J.', sells only 25,000 copies its first year but is later named Rolling Stone's 397th best album of all time.
1974: This Democrat is inagurated as governor; today, New Jersey's second-largest state forest is named for him, as was the Izod Center during its first 25 years of existence.
1975: This labor union leader vanishes near Detroit and is allegedly buried beneath Giants Stadium; four decades later, neither he nor any proof of that tale has ever turned up.
1976: Giants Stadium opens in this borough's marshes, replacing Yankee Stadium as the home of the New York Giants; six years later, the Jets abandon Shea Stadium and join them.
1977: This 'Clueless' and '8 Mile' actress is born in Atlanta but grows up in Edison and attends a theater arts school in Colonia before moving to Los Angeles at age 14.
1978: This movie starring Englewood-born John Travolta is the year's top-grossing film, earning 20 percent more than runner-up 'Superman' (starring another answer on this quiz).
1979: Activist Assata Shakur escapes from Clinton Correction Facility after being implicated in the 1973 shooting death of Werner Foerster, a member of this agency.
1980: Rutgers and Princeton meet for the final time in this sport, having played for the first time 111 years earlier in the first intercollegiate contest.
1981: This 150-year-old engine, which first ran on the Camden & Amboy Railroad in 1831, becomes the world's oldest operable steam engine when it is run briefly by the Smithsonian.
1982: The NHL's Colorado Rockies are renamed this following their relocation from Denver; as part of the deal, they are required to compensate all three existing teams in the area.
1983: A statewide police force for this agency is established, with headquarters in Newark and districts centered in Newark, Hoboken, Secaucus, Trenton, Camden and Atlantic City.
1984: Jazz musician and Red Bank native William Basie, better known by this noble nickname, dies at 79 in Florida; a theater in his hometown is named in his honor the same year.
AnswerQuestion
1985: This Newark-born, East Orange-raised icon releases her eponymous debut album; in 2009, she is named the most awarded female act of all time by Guiness Book of World Records.
1986: This Republican starts a second term as governor and later chairs the 9/11 Commission. (If you're wondering, the New Jersey college is named for his family, not for him.)
1987: This future Supreme Court justice from Hamilton serves a one-year term as New Jersey's U.S. Attorney, a position later held by Michael Chertoff and a future N.J. governor.
1988: With more than 56 percent of the vote, this man carries New Jersey on his way to the White House; six elections later, he remains the most recent Republican to win the state.
1989: Kevin, the oldest member of this Wyckoff-based familial pop rock group, is born in Teaneck, though only he and non-bandmate brother Frankie are actually born in N.J.
1990: Following a second hit album, 'New Jersey', this Sayreville-based band goes on hiatus for two years before returning with 'Keep the Faith' in 1992.
1991: The Hadrosaurus is named New Jersey's state dinosaur, in large part thanks to a skeleton that was discovered in the Cooper River in this Camden County borough.
1992: At an elementary school spelling bee in Trenton, this vice president blunders, correcting a student's spelling of 'potato' to 'potatoe'.
1993: This, the first major state science museum in New Jersey, opens its doors within Liberty State Park, where it can be seen from the Newark Bay Extension of the Turnpike.
1994: This Republican is inagurated as the first (and remains the only) woman to be governor of New Jersey; she goes on to win reelection in 1997 but later leaves to run the EPA.
1995: This entertainment center opens in Camden as the Blockbuster-Sony Music Entertainment Centre, adjacent to the Battleship New Jersey and the Adventure Aquarium.
1996: Trenton-Mercer Airport in Ewing is one of the few places that records the requisite wind and visibility conditions to technically meet the definition of this in January.
1997: Hardwick absorbs Pahaquarry, a township of 20 residents that is mostly part of this recreation area; it is the first municipality to go defunct since Island Beach in 1965.
1998: The Supreme Court rules in New Jersey v. New York that most of this New York Harbor island, which was expanded through land reclamation, belongs to New Jersey.
1999: This New Jersey-based series premiers on HBO and goes on to win 21 Emmys and five Golden Globes, all while featuring locations in Elizabeth, Kearny, Lodi and North Caldwell.
2000: Hurricane Harbor opens in Jackson as a separate-admission water park affliated with this 160-acre theme park, which had just celebrated its 25th anniversary one year earlier.
2001: The USPS Regional Mail Facility in Hamilton is shut down after letters laced with this substance are processed there; it reopens four years and $65 million later.
2002: Dave Thomas, an Atlantic City native who was adopted and moved around the country as a kid, dies at age 69 in Florida, having built this restaurant chain from the ground up.
2003: The 75th Academy Award nominees are announced; a Supporting nod for 'Adaptation' makes this Summit native and Bernards High grad the Oscars' most nominated performer ever.
2004: This former Woodbridge mayor becomes the first openly gay governor in U.S. history … and announces he is resigning in the face of a sexual harrassment lawsuit.
2005: In the wake of two gubernatorial resignations in four years, voters approve the creation of this position, which until then had only been held briefly in colonial times.
2006: Residents of Dover in Ocean County rename their township this; it used to apply to a small village within the township but had since grown to refer to its entire mainland.
2007: Governor Jon Corzine is injured when his SUV crashes on the Parkway while traveling to meet with the Rutgers women's basketball team and this radio personality.
2008: This 'Jaws' actor and Columbia High School Hall of Famer dies in Arkansas; he was briefly an amateur boxer based out of his hometown of Orange from 1946 to 1950.
2009: This reality series premiers on MTV; in spite of its name, the majority of its cast hails from New York, and only four of its six seasons actually take place in New Jersey.
2010: This Republican is inaugurated as the 55th governor of New Jersey, three decades after volunteering for the successful campaign of another Republican in this quiz at age 15.
2011: Hurricane Irene causes extensive flooding in North Jersey, ending as the sixth-costliest storm in U.S. history; a year later it is dwarfed by this storm and drops to seventh.
2012: Freehold native and West Windsor-Plainsboro North grad Rebecca Soni defends her title in the 200-meter breaststroke at the Games of the XXX Olympiad in this city.
2013: Most of this school merges into Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences; exceptions include the School of Osteopathic Medicine (now part of Rowan) and University Hospital.
2014: This team wins its first Super Bowl at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, as the 48th edition of the big game is played outdoors in a cold-weather city for the first time.
2015: The New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority abruptly announces a decision to close the Izod Center, with future events being shifted instead to this newer arena in Newark.
2016: A commuter train traveling well over the speed limit jumps the end of the track, killing one and injuring dozens in this Hudson County city.

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