Science Quiz / 'M' in Math

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Can you name the mathematical terms or mathematicians which begin with M?

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Hint'M' Answer
The process of making something as large as possible. If the object is a function, calculus will come in handy.
A rectangular array of elements in rows and columns. They can be added, subtracted, and multiplied together if their size is right - it won't help you dodge any bullets though!
A mathematical system that undergoes changes from one state to another on a state space. These have been used to calculate the most commonly landed on Monopoly properties.
The global _____ of the parabola y = x^2 - 4x + 2 occurs at its vertex.
The number of times a member of a multiset appears in that multiset. This notion appears most commonly when dealing with polynomial roots.
A probability puzzle in mathematics concerning goats, cars, and the reason why you should always switch doors when asked. It is based on the game show Let's Make a Deal.
Also known as 'clock arithmetic,' this system is concerned with the remainder of integers when divided by a certain positive integer n.
A corollary of Rolle's Theorem, this states that there exists a c in [a,b] such that f'(c) = (f(b)-f(a))/(b-a) for a function f(x) continuous on [a,b] and differentiable on (a,b).
French mathematician most known for his prime numbers, those which can be expressed as 2^p - 1 for prime numbers p. e.g. 3, 7, 31, 127, 2147483647.
This theorem relating the way two cevians of a triangle divide each other and two of the triangle's sides. It is commonly expressed as AF/FB * BD/DC * CE/EA = -1.
This mathematical operation represents iterated addition.
He introduced μ(n), a function with average order of zero, a statement equivalent to the prime number theorem. However, he is perhaps more famous for his one-sided strip.
Roughly speaking, a polynomial with only one term.
A point on a line segment dividing each part into half of the whole.
Hint'M' Answer
In the measurement of angles, this is one sixtieth of a degree.
A complex analytic function with large connections with number theory. It was famously used to prove the Taniyama-Shimura conjecture and, thus, Fermat's Last Theorem.
In a triangle, a line segment formed by a vertex and the midpoint of the opposite side. Also, the middle element of a sample.
The geometric _____ of a sample of n numbers is found by taking the nth root of their product. Also, the 'M' in the inequality 'RMS ≥ AM ≥ GM ≥ HM.'
An n x n array of numbers, typically the integers from 1 to n^2, such that every row, column, and main diagonals has the same sum.
A numerical computing environment and programming language developed by MathWorks.
Given a partition of an interval on the real line, the _____ of the partition is the longest sub-interval. It is referred to as the 'norm' in some countries.
An equation which serves to represent real-world behavior. These are commonly used in analysis of business or the economy in general.
A probabilistic primality test similar to the Fermat primality test. The deterministic version relies on the truth of the Riemann Hypothesis.
The formal definition of the 'size' of a set in n-dimensional Euclidean space. Intuitively, the Lebesgue _____ of the interval [0,1] is 1.
Branch of calculus involving the Gradient, Divergence, Stokes', and Green's theorems.
Most known for developing the π approximation π/4 = 4 arctan 1/5 - arctan 1/239; similar formulae are denoted _____-like formulae named after him.
A _____ is a function defining the distance between elements of a set making it a _____ space. For example, the standard _____ for Euclidean space is absolute difference/
A special case of the Taylor series, this type of power series is always centered about 0.
Hint'M' Answer
In various branches of mathematics, this term is used equivalently to 'function.' One may also say that, e.g., a function f : R ↦ C ___s the real numbers to the complex numbers.
A topological space that has a neighborhood that is homeomorphic to a euclidean space at every point.
Also known as the Law of Detachment, this argument states that ((P → Q) ∧ P ) → Q.
Indian mathematician (c. 1350 - c. 1425) known for discovering power series approximations for trigonometric functions.
This set of seven problems were given a bounty of $1,000,000 in 2000 by the Clay Mathematics Institute. Only one, the Poincaré conjecture, has been correctly proven.
Two events which cannot occur simultaneously are said to be this.
The most frequent element in a given sample.
This constant is the prime-number analogue of the Euler-Mascheroni constant.
Mathematician who developed the notion of a fractal, a self-similar, infinitely intricate shape.
A rational number expressed with its whole and fractional part separately, e.g. 4 2/3.
A measure of how large an object is; the _____ of a complex number a+bi is represented by sqrt(a^2 + b^2).

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