Science Quiz / APES2013 Madeleine Gerking Ch7

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Can you name the ecosystems?

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places where species can live
name for habitats such as deserts, grasslands and forests
the average atmospheric or weather conditions in a given region during the time frame of several decades to a thousand years
climate where you can find different types of vegetation
near the equator and receives the most intense sunlight
climate near the earth's poles, receive the least intense sunlight
the set of physical conditions of the lower atmosphere such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind speed, cloud cover, and other factors given area over a period of hours or
prevailing winds blowing over the oceans that produce mass movements of surface water
allow mostly visible light and some infrared radiation and ultraviolet radiation from the sun to pass throughout the atmosphere
released energy radiates into space and naturally warms the troposphere, without it the earth would be very cold and mostly lifeless
a human activity that releases carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide into the atmosphere
Has added CO2 to the atmosphere faster than it is removed by the carbon cycle
a reduction of rainfall and loss of moisture from the landscape on the side of the mountains facing away from prevailing surface winds
large terrestrial regions, each characterized by certain types of climate and dominant plant life
where annual precipitation is low and often scattered unevenly throughout the year
type of desert that has sparse vegetation which consists of widely dispersed, drought-resistant shrubs and cacti or other succulents adapted to the lack of water and temperate vari
here, winters are cold, summers are hot, and precipitation is low
has three main types; tropical, temperate, and arctic tundra. Occur mostly in the interiors of continents in areas that are too moist for deserts to form and too dry for forests to
tropical grassland that contains widely scattered clumps of trees
treeless plains, due to their bitterly cold climate. Under the snow, this biome is carpeted with a thick, spongy mat of low growing plants
underground soil in which captured water stays frozen for more than two consecutive years
type of tundra that occurs above the limit of tree growth but below the permanent snow line on high mountains
consists mostly of dense growths of low-growing evergreen shrubs and occasional small trees with leathery leaves that reduce evaporation. Also referred to as a temperate shrubland
land dominated by trees, it has three types: tropical, temperate and coniferous
thickest and most dense part of tropical forests
forest that grows in areas with moderate average temperatures that change significantly with the seasons
type of forest that has a subarctic climate with long, dry, extremely cold winters and only 6-8 hours of sunlight. Summers are short, cool, warm, and get up to 19 hours of sunlight
steep or high lands which cover about 1/4 of the earth's land surface

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