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MCAT Biology: Mitosis & Meiosis

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Definition/QuestionAnswer
Describes cells containing two copies of each chromosome
The human genome consists of ___ homologous pairs of chromosomes (number)
Phase of mitosis in which centromeres split and chromatids are pulled toward opposite poles of the cell
Meiosis results in up to how many new cells?
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes align at the equatorial plate
The main protein in control of arresting the cell cycle until damaged DNA has been repaired
What is the ploidy of the daughter cells created from Meiosis I?
The longest part of the cell cycle; Time in which the cell grows and DNA is replicated
Process in which homologous chromosomes come together and join
Phase of mitosis in which chromatin is condensed into chromosomes and the nuclear membrane dissolves
Definition/QuestionAnswer
What is the ploidy of the daughter cells created in Meiosis II?
The splitting of the cytoplasm into two new daughter cells
During Meiosis, this is the short rest period that may occur after Telophase I
Which round of division, Meiosis I or Meiosis II, is most similar to Mitosis?
This stage of the cell cycle is an offshoot of G1 in which the cell simply serves its function without preparing for division
Phase of Meiosis in which crossing over can occur
After replication in the S stage of the cell cycle, each chromosome consists of two identical _____ bound together
General type of cell that divides by mitosis
Phase of mitosis in which the nuclear membrane reforms around each set of chromosomes and the spindle fibers begin to disappear
Protein structures located on the centromeres where spindle fibers may attach

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