History Quiz / HCHS/HCMS Imperial Chinese History

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Ritual which consisted of three kneelings, each involving three prostrations before the emperor/required of delegations from nations wishing to trade w/Imperial China
Splitting of China by Western nations into these favored trading areas
Founded by rebel leader Liu Bang (Emp. Gauzu)/interrupted by Xin Dynasty under Wang Mang (14 yrs)/advances in papermaking, rudders, neg numbers/succeeded by Three Kingdoms(206 BC-220 AD)
First world government to issue paper money/1st Chinese to form standing nayy/first use of gunpowder/capital at Bianjing (now Kaifeng)/succeeded by Yuan(960-1279)
Name for type of ancient ship sailed by Chinese as early as 2nd century AD/Zheng He sailed 30,000 men & 300 ships on Indian Ocean expedition (1405)
1st Chinese dynasty to be described in ancient historical chronicles (i.e. Bamboo Annals, Classic of History & Records of the Grand Historian)/established by legendary Yu the Great(2070-1600 BC)
Series of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent from China to India to the Middle East and Europe
Ruled in the Yellow River valley/archaeological work at the Ruins of Yin (near modern-day Anyang), has identified it as the last capital of this dynasty/succeeded Xia Dynasty(1600-1046 BC)
Came to power through peasant uprising led by Jurchen Aisin Gioro clan in Northeastern China/final imperial dynasty (also known as Manchu Dynasty)/succeeded by Chinese Republic(1644-1912, 1917)
Dynasty established by Kublai Khan & the mongols/promoted commercial, scientific, & cultural growth/overthrown by Red Turban Rebellion/attempted but failed to conquer Japan(1271-1368)
Begun when Emperor had 20,000 chests of opium siezed w/out compensation/Brit's took Canton & sailed up Yangtze/initiated by Lord Palmerston/denounced by Gladstone/Treaty of Nanking(1839-1842)
Founded by Li family/interrupted by Empress Wu/capital at Chang'an/golden age of cosmipolitan culture/An Lushan rebellion/Li Bai & Du Fu/succeeded by Five Dynasties & Ten Kingdoms(618-907)
Also known as Arrow War/pirate ship siezed by Cantonese was British/Brit's attacked Canton/Qing submitted b/c of Taiping Rebellion(1856-1860)
Policy outlined by Sec. of State John Hay under Pres McKinley which stated that all Chinese ports should be open to all nations
Period in ancient China following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the victory of the state of Qin in 221 BC
Short-lived/unified China after North/South division/founded by Emperor Wen/encouraged Buddhism/dug Great Canal/failed invasion of Korea/Emp. Yang assassinated/led to Tang Dynasty(581-618)
First imperial dynasty/founded by Shihuangdi after subjigating 6 other states/supposedly oversaw 'burning of books and burying of scholars'/built famous section of Great Wall(221-206 BC)
Last Han dynasty/completed Great Wall, restored Grand Canal, built Forbidden City, famous porcelain, major naval exploration under Zheng He/succeeded by Manchu(1368-1644)
Longest lasting dynasty/invoked 'Mandate of Heaven'/saw beginnings of Confucianism & Taoism/succeeded Shang Dynasty(1046-256 BC)
Peasant revolt (184-205) against Emperor Ling of Easter Han/led by Zhang Jue a Taoist spiritual leader/opening of Romance of the Three Kingdoms
First to rule China as emperor rather than as king/established Qin dynasty in 221 BC/ended Warring States period/unified Great Wall, built road system & Terracotta Army for tomb
Anti-imperialist uprising (1898-1900) initiated by Militia United in Righteousness (Yihetuan)/Chinese Christians killed/defeated by 8-nation alliance/Gansu Braves (Chinese Muslims)
Rebellion led by follower of White Lotus & Manichaeism/overthrew Yuan Dynasty and established Ming/led by Zhu Yuanzhang who became Hongwu (1st Ming Emperor) (1351-1368)

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