Science Quiz / HCHS/HCMS Viruses

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Can you name the terms relating to viruses?

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DescriptionTerm
Membrane surrounding capsid/made from host cell
Scientist who crystallized Tobacco Mosaic virus in 1935
Viral cycle that doesn't destroy host cell
Member of Flaviviridae family & Flavivirus genus/transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes/spread from equatorial Africa/Asia across Pacific into S America
Phages that can use either the lytic or lysogenic cycles
Bacteriophage genome inserted and integrated into the circular bacterial DNA chromosome or existing as an extrachromosomal plasmid
Family of enveloped viruses that replicate through reverse transcription/single stranded RNA virus/stores nucleic acid as mRNA genome
Defends agains viral attack by identifying and destroying phage DNA
Virus that infects and replicates within a bacterium
Group of available hosts for a given virus
Phage reproduction that ends in cell death
1st virus identified
DescriptionTerm
Viruses of this group have an icosahedral head & a tail apparatus
Glycoprotein spike on a viral capsid or viral envelope/Binds to receptors on host cells
Family that form filamentous infectious viral particles (virions)/encode their genome in the form of single-stranded negative-sense RNA/Ebola & Marburg
Type of phage that only uses lytic cycle
Rod or bullet-shaped viruses that infect plants & animals/carry genetic material in form of negative-sense single-stranded RNA/rabies virus is of this type
Icosahedral head with glycoprotein spike/infects respiratory tracts of animals
Subunits from which capsids are built
Genus of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses associated w/several human & mammalian diseases including hand-foot-mouth/poliovirus, rhinovirus, coxsackievirus
1st scientist to propose concept of virus
Protein shell enclosing viral genome
Enzyme used by retroviruses to produce DNA copies from the initial RNA viral strand
Virus & disease of same name/disease 1st discovered in Tanzania in 1952/spread by Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes/begun in Africa & Asia/Europe & America since 2000

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