Science Quiz / HCHS/HCMS Viruses

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Can you name the terms relating to viruses?

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Icosahedral head with glycoprotein spike/infects respiratory tracts of animals
Member of Flaviviridae family & Flavivirus genus/transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes/spread from equatorial Africa/Asia across Pacific into S America
Phages that can use either the lytic or lysogenic cycles
Enzyme used by retroviruses to produce DNA copies from the initial RNA viral strand
Subunits from which capsids are built
Glycoprotein spike on a viral capsid or viral envelope/Binds to receptors on host cells
Viruses of this group have an icosahedral head & a tail apparatus
Phage reproduction that ends in cell death
Virus that infects and replicates within a bacterium
Virus & disease of same name/disease 1st discovered in Tanzania in 1952/spread by Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti mosquitoes/begun in Africa & Asia/Europe & America since 2000
Genus of positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses associated w/several human & mammalian diseases including hand-foot-mouth/poliovirus, rhinovirus, coxsackievirus
Type of phage that only uses lytic cycle
Viral cycle that doesn't destroy host cell
Group of available hosts for a given virus
Bacteriophage genome inserted and integrated into the circular bacterial DNA chromosome or existing as an extrachromosomal plasmid
Family that form filamentous infectious viral particles (virions)/encode their genome in the form of single-stranded negative-sense RNA/Ebola & Marburg
Membrane surrounding capsid/made from host cell
1st virus identified
1st scientist to propose concept of virus
Family of enveloped viruses that replicate through reverse transcription/single stranded RNA virus/stores nucleic acid as mRNA genome
Scientist who crystallized Tobacco Mosaic virus in 1935
Protein shell enclosing viral genome
Rod or bullet-shaped viruses that infect plants & animals/carry genetic material in form of negative-sense single-stranded RNA/rabies virus is of this type
Defends agains viral attack by identifying and destroying phage DNA

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