Science Quiz / HCHS Types of Soil

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Can you answer the questions about soil?

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InfoSoil Type
Commonly form under boreal or broadleaf forests; rich in iron and aluminum; commonly in humid areas, semi-tropics, and mediterranean climates
2nd largest soil particle type
Landscape formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, & gypsum; characterised by underground drainage systems with sinkholes, dolines, & caves
Layer of loose, heterogeneous material covering solid rock; includes dust, soil, broken rock, & other related materials; is present on Earth, the Moon, Mars, & some asteroids
Low nutrient availability; old landscapes in the tropics
Common in coniferous or boreal forests
Smallest soil particle type
Largest soil particle type
Fan or cone-shaped deposit of sediment crossed & built up by streams/flows come from single point/typically found where canyon drains from mountains onto flatter plain
Series of coalescing alluvial fans along a mountain front
Common in subtropical regions; often known as red clay soils
Soils with permafrost commonly at high latitudes
InfoSoil Type
Slope formed by an accumulation of broken rock debris, as at the base of a cliff or other high place, also called scree
Unsorted glacial sediment deposited directly by the glacier; may vary from clays to mixtures of clay, sand, gravel, and boulders
Commonly in deserts
Granular material of a size somewhere between sand and clay whose mineral origin is quartz and feldspar/2nd smallest soil particle type
An annual layer of sediment or sedimentary rock; most important to studies of past climate change
Formed from volcanic materials; high in phosphorus and organic matter content
Organic soil materials extending down to an impermeable layer or with an organic layer that is more than 40 cm thick and without andic properties; commonly in wetlands
Also sand sea or sand sheet/broad, flat area of desert covered w/wind-swept sand & little or no vegetation/contains more than 125 square km (48 sq miles) of aeolian sand
Predominantly silt-sized sediment, which is formed by the accumulation of wind-blown silt; typically in the 20–50 micrometer size range
Also known as an alkali flat or sabkha or dry lake (in SW US)/desert basin with no outlet which periodically fills with water to form a temporary lake
Dark soils; common in grasslands
Fertile soil consisting of equal parts sand, silt, and clay

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