Literature Quiz / HCHS Types of Poems

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Can you name the types of poems?

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DescriptionType of Poetry
Poem consisting of six 6-line stanzas & 3-line envoy/end words of 1st stanza are repeated in varied order as end words in other stanzas & envoy/attributed to A Daniel (12th cent)
Poem that tells about a word/uses letters of word for 1st letter in each line
Spoken poem addressed to listener/speaker addresses specific topic/listener unwittingly reveals info about him/herself
Poem written in honor of a bride & groom
Single metrical line of poetry
Any poetry that uses the discourse of the characters involved to tell a story or portray a situation
Norse insult battles in verse form/Loki vs Aesir in Lokasenna portion of Poetic Edda
General term for any 14-line lyric poem usually having one or more conventional rhyme schemes
Syllable-counting form w/5 lines in English-language poetry/1st line has 1 syllable, 2 in 2nd, 3 in 3rd, 4 in 4th, & 10 in 5th line/created by Ray Stebbing as Brit answer to haiku
Stanza or poem consisting of 4 lines/Lines 2 & 4 must rhyme while having similar number of syllables
Very short, ironic, witty poem/usually couplet or quatrain/from Greek for 'inscription'/associated w/Martial
Also called 'vers libre'/poem which has no rhyme, meter, or other traditional poetry technique
Also referred to as 'verse without words'/intended for performance/bridge between literary & musical composition in which phonetics of human speech are used to create poem
Poem in a classical style on a pastoral subject/also called bucolics/1st of 3 major works by Virgil
Poem written in unrhymed iambic pentameter/often unobtrusive/Tennyson's 'Ulysses'
Verse of a poem, consisting of four lines/referring specifically to a Persian quatrain/AABA or AAAA rhyme scheme/
Form of short aphoristic poem or rhyming aphorism, created by the Danish poet, designer, inventor and scientist Piet Hein, who wrote over 7000 of them, mostly in Danish or English
Type of concrete poetry written in form of an object
Long poem which bitterly laments the state of society & morals in serious, sustained invective/always contains prophecy of society's imminent downfall/named for biblical prophet
Also called 'size poetry'/uses typographical arrangements to display an element of the poem/inspired by Carlos Crummond de Andrade of Brazil
Poem made up of a list of items or events/any length/rhymed or unrhymed
Poem that expresses thoughts & feelings of poet/song words are usually of this type/main types are elegies & odes
Arabic ode/single meter thru-out/every line rhymes on same sound/15-80 lines/Persian form can be over 100/Poem of the Mantle (Imam al-Busiri)/The Interpreter of Desires (Ibn Arabi)
Commemorative poem generally as an inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument written to praise the deceased/Jonson's 'On My First Sonne'
DescriptionType of Poetry
Malay verse form, imitated in French and English, consisting of quotations with an abab rhyme scheme linked by repeated lines
Poem depicting rural life in a peaceful, romanticized way/pertaining to shepherds
Type of ode that doesn't follow the form of either the Pindaric or Horatian ode
Poetry which holds the principles and ideals of beauty that are characteristic of Greek and Roman art, architecture, and literature
General term for a poem that tells a story/includes ballads, epics, idylls, & lays
Short humorous (sometimes vulgar) poem of 5 anapestic lines/Lines 1, 2, & 5 have 7-10 syllables & rhyme/Lines 3 & 4 have 5-7 syllables & rhyme/Edward Lear (Book of Nonsense)
Long narrative poem, especially one sung by medieval minstrels
Poems that have a theme of living for today/Herrick's 'To the Virgins, To Make Much of Time'
Type of poetry consisting of 10 or 11 syllable lines arranged in three-line tercets
Short Japanese poem similar to a Haiku/treats of human beings rather than nature/often humorous or satiric
5-line poem which creates mood, picture, or feeling/1st word of lines 1-4 are in alphabetical order/5th line doesn't have to be
Poetry which has 3 stanzas of 7, 8 or 10 lines & shorter final stanza of 4-5 lines/all stanzas end with the same one line refrain
Lengthy lyric poem typically of serious or meditative nature having elevated style & formal stanza structure/Sappho's 'Ode to a Loved One'
Lyrical poem of French origin/10 or 13 lines w/2 rhymes/opening phrase repeated twice as refrain
5-line classical Japanese poem/1st & 3rd lines have 5 syllables/other lines have 7/major genre of Japanese literature
Medieval Italian lyric style poetry with 5-6 stanzas & a shorter ending stanza
Sonnet consisting of octave w/rhyme pattern abbaabba followed by 6 lines w/rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
Satires or parodies that mock common Classical stereotypes of heroes & heroic literature/puts fool in role of hero or exaggerates heroic qualities to absurdity/The Rape of the Lock
Poetry that treats a serious subject as humor/Cummings' 'O District'
2-line poem which may be rhymed or unrhymed/Whitman's 'To You'
Epigram attached to a gift/sometimes represented as namesake mosaic/originally in Latin literature/revived in 19th century
Extensive, serious poem that tells the story about a heroic figure
Quatrain in iambic tetrameter w/rhyme scheme abba/named for pattern used by Tennyson
Any drama written as verse to be spoken
DescriptionType of Poetry
Short lyrical (love/romance) poem arising from Urdu/5-15 couplets/each couplet contains distinct thought/rhymes continue in 2nd line of each pair/lines of each couplet equal length
First letters of each line spell a word or create a message (i.e. Poe's 'A Valentine')
19-line poem of 5 tercets & final quatrain on 2 rhymes/Lines 1 & 3 of 1st tercet repeat alternately as refrain closing succeeding stanzas/joined as final couplet of quatrain
Poetry created by taking words, phrases, & passages from other sources & re-framing them by adding spaces, lines, or text alterations
14-line sonnet w/octave rhyming abbabba followed by sestet of cddcee or cdecde
Poem or song expressing grief/powered by a personal sense of loss
Poetry that depicts peaceful, idealized country scene or long poem about heroes from bygone age
Song, hymn or poem of mourning composed or performed as memorial to a dead person/also dirge, coronach, lament, or elegy/includes poems by Dryen (for Charles II) & Emerson (for son
3-line Japanese unrhymed poem/lines have 5, 7, & 5 'on' or 'morae' (syllables)/usually a season word (kigo) drawn from 'saijiki'/essence is 'kiru' (cutting)
Poem consisting of stanzas having 7 lines in iambic pentameter
Comic verse composed in irregular rhythm
14-line sonnet consisting of 3 quatrains of abab cdcd efef followed by a couplet (gg)/generally in iambic pentameter
Form of science fiction poetry first announced by Tom Brinck with his 1995 manifest/inspired by haiku but can deviate from its structure
In English, a 12-syllable iambic line/2 hemistichs (half-lines) of 6 syllables each separated by caesura/Shelley's 'To a Skylark'
Sad, thoughtful poem about the death of an individual/Hess's '1983'
Type of concrete poetry consisting of visual arrangement of text, images, & symbols to help convey meaning of work
Ceremonious poem consisting of a strophe (2 or more lines repeated as a unit) followed by an antistrophe w/same metrical pattern/concluding summary line (epode) in different meter
Poetry from artistic, literary, musical & intellectual movement from early-mid 1800's/about nature & love having an emphasis on personal experience
Poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend/often has repeated refrain
5-line poem/Line 1 has 1 word (title)/Line 2 has 2 words describing title/Line 3 has 3 words that tell the action/Line 4 has 4 words that express feeling/Line 5 repeats title
Short lyric poem in 2 or 4-line stanzas/each has same metrical pattern/often addressed to friend & deal w/friendship, love, or practice of poetry
Poem written about one's life/Ingelow's 'One Morning, Oh! So Early'

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