Science Quiz / HCHS Acids (Basic)

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Can you name the terms relating to acids?

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Acid minus one hydrogen ion
Reaction between an acid and base that yields a salt and water
Organic compound with general formula R-COOH
Lab technique used to determine concentration of an unknown acid or base by adding drops of a base or acid of known concentration until original is neutralized
H3PO4/used as rust inhibitor, in soft drinks/linked to lower bone density (osteoporosis), kidney disease, & kidney stones/occurs naturally in diary, meat, nuts, & eggs
CH3COOH/makes up 3-9% of vinegar
HCOOH (simplest carboxylic acid)
HCl/strong acid found in gastric acid/also called muriatic acid/used in production of PVC, polyurethane, toilet bowl cleaner, & leather processing
Equation that describes the derivation of pH as measure of acidity/is useful for estimating pH of buffer solution & finding equilibrium pH in acid-base reactions
Derived from one or more inorganic compounds/used for corrosive properties/very soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents (e.g. hydrochloric, nitric, phosphoric, sulfuric)
HNO3/also known as aqua fortis & spirit of niter/at over 86% is called 'fuming' & can be red or white/used in production of fertilizer & as oxidizer in liquid-fueled rockets
CH3-CHOH-COOH/carboxylic acid produced from pyruvate/believe to build up in muscles during instense exercise & cause soreness & fatigue/recent research claims this isn't true
H2SO4/strong acid often dyed brown to alert to danger/also called oil of vitriol/used in drain cleaners/lead-acid batteries/mineral & H2O processing/production of fertilizer & oil
Substance which can act as either an acid or a base
Donates a proton
C6H8O7/organic acid/natural preservative used as an acidifier, flavoring agent, & chelating agent/found in citris fruits
Acids which can donate 3 protons
Dissociates in water to form hydrogen ions
Acids which can donate 2 protons
Halochromic chemical compound added in small amounts to a solution so the pH can be determined
An aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or vice versa/used to keep pH at nearly constant value
Acids which can donate more than one proton
C6H8O6/organic antioxidant/form of vitamin C/1937 Nobel Prize for chemistry to Haworth for determining its structure/prevents scurvy
Organic compound composed of amine and carboxylic acid functional groups along with a side-chain specific to each compound
Completely ionizes or dissociates in a solution by losing one proton(e.g. HCl, HI, HBr, HClO4, HNO3, H2SO4)
Partially ionizes or dissociates in solution (e.g. H2CO3, CH3COOH)
Acids which can donate only one proton
Organic compound with acidic properties (e.g. lactic, acetic, formic, citric, oxalic, uric, malic acids)
Base plus one hydrogen ion
Electron-pair acceptor

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Created Aug 15, 2015ReportNominate

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