Science Quiz / HCHS Acids (Basic)

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Can you name the terms relating to acids?

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HNO3/also known as aqua fortis & spirit of niter/at over 86% is called 'fuming' & can be red or white/used in production of fertilizer & as oxidizer in liquid-fueled rockets
Base plus one hydrogen ion
Reaction between an acid and base that yields a salt and water
Completely ionizes or dissociates in a solution by losing one proton(e.g. HCl, HI, HBr, HClO4, HNO3, H2SO4)
Acids which can donate 3 protons
Acids which can donate 2 protons
Equation that describes the derivation of pH as measure of acidity/is useful for estimating pH of buffer solution & finding equilibrium pH in acid-base reactions
Lab technique used to determine concentration of an unknown acid or base by adding drops of a base or acid of known concentration until original is neutralized
Electron-pair acceptor
Acids which can donate only one proton
Partially ionizes or dissociates in solution (e.g. H2CO3, CH3COOH)
An aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or vice versa/used to keep pH at nearly constant value
Dissociates in water to form hydrogen ions
Derived from one or more inorganic compounds/used for corrosive properties/very soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents (e.g. hydrochloric, nitric, phosphoric, sulfuric)
CH3-CHOH-COOH/carboxylic acid produced from pyruvate/believe to build up in muscles during instense exercise & cause soreness & fatigue/recent research claims this isn't true
Organic compound with acidic properties (e.g. lactic, acetic, formic, citric, oxalic, uric, malic acids)
Substance which can act as either an acid or a base
HCl/strong acid found in gastric acid/also called muriatic acid/used in production of PVC, polyurethane, toilet bowl cleaner, & leather processing
Halochromic chemical compound added in small amounts to a solution so the pH can be determined
Acid minus one hydrogen ion
Acids which can donate more than one proton
Organic compound with general formula R-COOH
Donates a proton
H3PO4/used as rust inhibitor, in soft drinks/linked to lower bone density (osteoporosis), kidney disease, & kidney stones/occurs naturally in diary, meat, nuts, & eggs
CH3COOH/makes up 3-9% of vinegar
C6H8O6/organic antioxidant/form of vitamin C/1937 Nobel Prize for chemistry to Haworth for determining its structure/prevents scurvy
C6H8O7/organic acid/natural preservative used as an acidifier, flavoring agent, & chelating agent/found in citris fruits
H2SO4/strong acid often dyed brown to alert to danger/also called oil of vitriol/used in drain cleaners/lead-acid batteries/mineral & H2O processing/production of fertilizer & oil
HCOOH (simplest carboxylic acid)
Organic compound composed of amine and carboxylic acid functional groups along with a side-chain specific to each compound

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Created Aug 15, 2015ReportNominate

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