Science Quiz / HCHS Acids (Difficult)

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Can you name the terms relating to acids?

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InfoTerm
Acids which can donate 2 protons
Donates a proton
Partially ionizes or dissociates in solution (e.g. H2CO3, CH3COOH)
H2SO4/strong acid often dyed brown to alert to danger/also called oil of vitriol/used in drain cleaners/lead-acid batteries/mineral & H2O processing/production of fertilizer & oil
HBr
Organic compound with general formula R-COOH
An aqueous solution consisting of a mixture of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or vice versa/used to keep pH at nearly constant value
Organic compound with acidic properties (e.g. lactic, acetic, formic, citric, oxalic, uric, malic acids)
Electron-pair acceptor
Organic acid w/carboxylic acid & ketone groups, simplest alpha-keto acid/important for metabolic pathways
HCOOH (simplest carboxylic acid)
Organic compound composed of amine and carboxylic acid functional groups along with a side-chain specific to each compound
CH3COOH/makes up 3-9% of vinegar
Acid minus one hydrogen ion
Completely ionizes or dissociates in a solution by losing one proton(e.g. HCl, HI, HBr, HClO4, HNO3, H2SO4)
C6H8O7/organic acid/natural preservative used as an acidifier, flavoring agent, & chelating agent/found in citris fruits
Acids which are stronger than 100% sulfuric (H2SO4) acid (e.g. fluoroantimonic, magic, perchloric acids)/can permanently protonate water to give ionic crystalline hydronium 'salts'
Reaction between an acid and base that yields a salt and water
Acids which can donate 3 protons
Acids which can donate only one proton
Mixture of nitric & hydrochloric acids that can dissolve gold and platinum
Superacid consisting of mixture of fluorosulfuric acid and antimony pentafluoride/developed by George Olah lab at Case Western Reserve University
Also 'fuming sulfuric acid'/solution of various compositions of sulfur trioxide in sulfuric acid or disulfuric acid
InfoTerm
Base plus one hydrogen ion
Acids which contain hydrogen, oxygen, and some other element
Type of salt produced when a strong acid is combined with a weak base
HCl/strong acid found in gastric acid/also called muriatic acid/used in production of PVC, polyurethane, toilet bowl cleaner, & leather processing
Mass of acid required to generate one mole of hydrogen (hydronium) ion in aqueous solution/equal to atomic mass of acid divided by number of hydrogens
C6H8O6/organic antioxidant/form of vitamin C/1937 Nobel Prize for chemistry to Haworth for determining its structure/prevents scurvy
H3PO4/used as rust inhibitor, in soft drinks/linked to lower bone density (osteoporosis), kidney disease, & kidney stones/occurs naturally in diary, meat, nuts, & eggs
Point at which neutralization occurs in a titration experiment
Acids which can donate more than one proton
Lab technique used to determine concentration of an unknown acid or base by adding drops of a base or acid of known concentration until original is neutralized
Type of salt produced when a weak acid is combined with a strong base
Substance which can act as either an acid or a base
Type of salt produced when a weak acid is combined with a weak base
Dissociates in water to form hydrogen ions
HF
Equation that describes the derivation of pH as measure of acidity/is useful for estimating pH of buffer solution & finding equilibrium pH in acid-base reactions
Derived from one or more inorganic compounds/used for corrosive properties/very soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents (e.g. hydrochloric, nitric, phosphoric, sulfuric)
H3BO3
CH3-CHOH-COOH/carboxylic acid produced from pyruvate/believe to build up in muscles during instense exercise & cause soreness & fatigue/recent research claims this isn't true
Acids in which hydrogen is combined with a second nonmetallic element
HNO3/also known as aqua fortis & spirit of niter/at over 86% is called 'fuming' & can be red or white/used in production of fertilizer & as oxidizer in liquid-fueled rockets
Halochromic chemical compound added in small amounts to a solution so the pH can be determined
HClO4/stronger acid than nitric or sulfuric/used in preparation of rocket fuel

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