History Quiz / HCHS Islamic/Asian Architecture (Basic)

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Can you name the terms from Islamic/Asian architecture?

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DescriptionTerm
Roadside inn for travelers along Silk Road from China to Europe & N Africa/built outside of towns/large courtyard in middle
Portable round tent covered w/skins or felt/used as dwelling by nomadic groups in steppes of Central Asia/Mongolian version is called a Ger
Palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain/built in 889/completed 1333 by Yusuf I & Muhammed V/Court of the Myrtles/Hall of the Ambassadors/Court of the Lions
Chinese term for a caisson (spider web ceiling)/found in ceiling of temples or palaces/usually at center above main throne or religious figure/sunken panel set into flat ceiling
Pillared hall for public rituals in Indian architecture (esp in Hindu temple)/are open or closed depending on whether they have walls or not/between temple entrance & sanctuary
Tiered tower with multiple eaves/traditionally an odd number of levels/evolved from stupa
Persian term for an inn located inside a town as opposed to one outside along the road
Rectangular hall or space, usually vaulted, walled on three sides, with one end entirely open/Persian in origin/associated w/Islamic architecture/gateway is called pishtaq
Mound-like or hemispherical structure containing śarīra 'relics', typically the remains of Buddhist monks, used as a place of meditation
DescriptionTerm
Pulpit in the mosque where the imam (prayer leader) stands to deliver sermons (khutbah) or in the Hussainia (congregation hall) where the speaker sits and lectures the congregation
Alternate word for a mosque
Public bath associated w/Ottoman Empire/also called Turkish bath/started w/dry room w/hot air & ends w/wash in cold water & massage/became popular in Victorian England
Tall slender tower, typically part of a mosque, with a balcony from which a muezzin calls Muslims to prayer
A college or university for islamic instruction
Traditional Japanese gate most commonly found at the entrance of or within a Shinto shrine, where it symbolically marks the transition from the profane to the sacred
Semicircular niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the qibla (direction of Mecca in which Muslims must pray)
Honeycomb vault/form of ornamented vaulting/geometric subdivision of a squinch, cupola, corbel into many miniature squinches/began in N Africa & Iran in 10th century

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