Science Quiz / HCHS Subatomic Particles

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Can you name the HCHS Subatomic Particles

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Baryon composed of 2 up quarks and 1 down quark
Follows Pauli exclusion principle/includes all quarks & leptons as well as particles made from an odd number of these (incl. all baryons)/contrasts with bosons/name coined by Dirac
Neutral, weakly interacting elementary particle w/half-integer spin/affected only by weak force/created by radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, or cosmic rays hitting atmosphere
One of the two known types of particles that make up the atomic nucleus
Anitmatter counterpart of electron (charge of +1 e)/generated by namesake emission rad. decay (subtype of beta decay) through weak interactions or by pair productions of photons
2nd lightest quark/has charge of -1/3 e/1st generation
2nd generation lepton with negative charge and about 200 times the mass of an electron/decay into an electron and 2 neutrinos of different types
Hypothetical superpartner of the gluon
Baryon composed of 1 up quark and 2 down quarks
3rd lightest quark/found in hadrons like kaons and Sigma D baryons/charge of -1/3 e/2nd generation
Guage bosons that act as exchange particles for the strong force between quarks
3rd generation lepton with negative charge and about 3500 times the mass of an electron/highly penetrating but only at ultra high energy levels due to short lifetime
3rd generation lepton with no net negative charge/discovered in 2000 by the DONUT collaboration/mistakenly reported to have traveled faster than light in 2011 by CERN
Also known as 'weak bosons'/gauge boson that carries the weak interaction
Composite particle made up of 3 quarks/participate in strong interaction
Lightest meson & hadron composed of an up & down quark/antiquark combo/comes in pos, neg, and uncharged varieties/decay into muons, muon neutrinos, and gamma rays
Proposed extension of Standard Model of particle physics that relates bosons and fermions to their superpartners (spin differs by 1/2 integer)
Also known as beauty quark/can decay into an up or charm quark/frequent decay product for Higgs boson/charge of -1/3 e/3rd generation
Hadronic particles composed of a quark and antiquark/2/3 size of a proton/decay into electrons,neutrinos, and photons
Hypothetical superpartner of the graviton
Composite particle made of quarks held together by strong force/categorized as baryons and mesons/some are stable, some are not
Also known as truth quark/most massive of all elementary particles (about the same as 1 atom of Tungsten)/does not form hadrons/charge of +2/3 e/3rd generation
Complementary particle to tachyon that moves slower than light speed
Gauge boson that carries the electromagnetic interaction
Complementary particle to tachyon that always moves at light speed
Force carriers that include the photon
1st generation lepton which is also a fermion/has particle and wave properties/has negative elementary electric charge
Hypothetical massive particle that always moves faster than light/coined in 1967 by Feinberg
Hypothetical elementary particle that mediates gravitation
Hypothetical superpartner of the W boson
Has 'flavors' of up, down, bottom, top, strange, & charm/named by Gell-Mann from Joyce's Finnegan's Wake/experiences all 4 fundamental forces/elementary fermion with spin -1/2
Superpartners of quarks/include sup, sdown, scharm, sstrange, stop, & sbottom
4th most massive quark/found in hadrons/charge of +2/3 e/2nd generation
Superpartner of leptons/include selectron, smuon, & stau, along with their s-neutrinos
Hypothetical particle among leading candidates for dark matter/interacts with force similar in strength to weak nuclear force
1st generation lepton which no net electric charge/hypothesized by Pauli in 1930/discovered in 1956 by Cowan, Reines
Lightest of all quarks/has charge of +2/3 e/1st generation
2nd generation lepton with no net electric charge/discovered in 1962 by Lederman, Schwartz, & Steinberger (won them the 1988 Nobel Prize)
'God particle' which explains why some particles have mass and why the weak force has a much shorter range than electromagnetic force
Spin-0 superpartners of fermions/have same color, weak isospin charge, & hypercharge
Astronomical body that might explain the presence of dark matter in galaxy halos
Elementary, -1/2 spin particle comprising 6 flavours, forming 3 generations/does not undergo strong interactions/includes electrons, muons, taus and their respective neutrinos

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Curator's Pick Apr 30, 2014ReportNominate
Tags:Physics Quiz, particle

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