Miscellaneous Quiz / HCHS Pottery Terms

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Can you name the pottery terms?

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DescriptionTerm
Temperature at which a glaze exhibits it best qualities
Fine white or off-white clay, rich in kaolinite, used in ceramics, paper-making
Condition of a clay or clay body when it has been partially dried to the point where all shrinkage has been completed
Combined effects of firing time and firing temperature on ceramic wares in a kiln/higher temps for shorter times does more than lower temps over longer times
Crack caused by thermal shock, especially if ware cooled too rapidly after it has been fired
Ability of a material to soak up water
Dull-surfaced glaze with no gloss
Suspension of clay, clay body or glaze in water
Type of decoration originally developed in Persia which leaves a thin layer of metal on the decorated portions of pottery
Permanent staining of a ceramic material by the introduction of carbon particles during firing
Pottery where decoration in slip is a main feature/includes slip-painting, slip-trailing, and many other techniques
Outer layer or coat of glaze on a piece of pottery/decoration, usually enamel, applied over a glaze
Chemical compound Al2O3/also called Aluminum(III) Oxide/major component in clays & most glazes
Decorating technique where a slip is applied to a leather-hard piece of clay and left to dry/once dried tools carve to remove slip & leave embedded decoration
Cream-coloured, refined earthenware with a lead glaze over a pale body/along w/porcelain reduced demand for tin-glazed potter/developed in UK by abolitionist Josiah Wedgewood
Parting and contraction of the glaze on the surface of ceramic ware during drying or firing, resulting in unglazed areas bordered by coalesced glaze
Hard red-brown unglazed earthenware, used for pottery and building construction/used in construction of soldiers for tomb of Qin emperor Shi-huangdi
Removal, in the unfired state of excess body left in the shaping of pottery-ware at such places as seams and edges
Glazes characterised by crystalline clusters of various shapes and colours embedded in a more uniform and opaque glaze
To separate agglomerates in a slurry by chemical means, and so decrease viscosity
Quality of clay that allows it to be manipulated and still maintain its shape without cracking
Term referring to forming or shaping on a potter's wheel
Final stage of greenware dried to a completely dry state and ready to be fired/very fragile, non-plastic, & porous
Adding reconstituted paper pulp to ordinary plastic clay in proportions up to 50% of the total mass/gives unfired material great strength (good for hand builders & sculptors)
Kidney-shaped tool made of flexible steel for finishing thrown pots, or made of stiff rubber for pressing and smoothing clay in a mould
Material is a material that retains its strength at high temperatures
Thin slab of wood, plaster, or plastic used to support pottery forms during throwing/attached to head of potter's wheel
Kiln used for firing enamelled decoration, constructed so as to protect wares from direct flame and from smoke, soot, ash and other contaminants
Items such as sugar bowls, creamers, coffee pots, teapots, soup tureens, etc. (but not flatware) intended to accompany the pottery on a table
Name for machine (and process) for the shaping of clay body into flatware by the differential rotation of a profile tool and mould
Lower temperature stage of some firing cycles used to complete the drying of the ware
Product made by quenching and breaking up a glass of a specific composition/used in creation of enamels & glazes
Pottery container sometimes used for food & water/synonymous with 'pot'
Suspending ceramic raw materials in liquid by agitation
Firing in a kiln that retains an oxygen environment
DescriptionTerm
Step in preparing clay for shaping/involves manipulating the clay in a fashion somewhat like prepping dough for bread/ensures the even distribution of moisture in the body
Substance that promotes fusion in a given mixture of raw materials/lowers high melting points (usually of silica & alumina)/promotes liquefaction
Glaze intentionally containing minute cracks in the surface
Mixture of two substances which has the lowest melting point in the whole series of possible compositions
Process of heating pottery in a kiln to bring the glaze or clay body to maturity
Maximum transverse breaking stress applied under specified conditions that a material will withstand before fracture/used as quality control test for ceramic raw materials & bodies
Tool used to ensure that thrown pots are of uniform size or shape
Mass of water absorbed by a porous ceramic material, under specified conditions, expressed as a percentage of the mass of the dry material/used as quality control test
Glaze fault characterized by the cracking of fired glazes and due to high tensile stresses
Ingredient used in glazes to cause it to be opaque, and hence mask the colour of the underlying body
Rotary shaping tool that replaces jigger and jolley to shape wares in mass produced pottery
Highly heat resistant form of clay which can be combined with other clays to increase the firing temperature
Technique for the mass-production of pottery and ceramics/liquid clay body slip (mixed in blunger) poured into plaster moulds/used for shapes not easily made on wheel
Unfired clay articles/also term for Celadon
Porcelain which had been fired to 1400 °C in a reducing atmosphere
Slip coating applied to a ceramic body for imparting colour, opacity or other characteristics/sometimes includes non-clay materials
Coloured, glass-like decoration applied to ceramic wares/also called 'on-glaze' decoration/often made by mixing metal oxides w/flux & fired to temps of 700-800 Celsius
Term for plates & dishes/in US refers to utensils (forks, spoons, knives)
Extremely plastic clay which can be added in small quantities to short clay to make it more plastic
Decoration applied to biscuit pottery and covered with a glaze
Vitreous ceramic material/traditionally considered to be white and if, of thin section, translucent
Fine tin-glazed pottery on a delicate pale buff earthenware body/originated in Italy
Ceramic material formed by high temperature firing of refractory clay after which it is crushed & graded to size/used as non-plastic component of some clay bodies
Structural portion of ceramic article
Light-coloured pottery body covered with a tin glaze with overglaze decorations in cobalt on the unfired glaze/developed in Holland to imitate Chinese blue & white porcelain
Procedure for preparing clay by hand to disperse water uniformly & to remove lamination & air/lump of clay is repeatedly thrown down on a work bench, cut, & rejoined
Calcined animal bone used in production of bone china
Very plastic form of clay such as ball clay
To shape hollowware by the same process as jigger
Group of hydrous aluminium phyllosilicate minerals
Earthenware developed in Majorca which is tin-glazed and overpainted with oxides/similar to Faience & Delftware
Process caused by kiln firing which solidifies clay but does not lead to vitrification/occurs in bodies with a low flux content or at low temperatures, such as in earthenware
Hand method of forming pottery by building up the walls with coils of rope-like rolls of clay
Pertaining to the hard finish of a fired glaze, or the nonabsorbency of a fired body
Pottery that has been fired but not yet glazed
DescriptionTerm
Glazing pottery by immersion in a glaze suspension
Interlocking needlelike crystals of aluminium silicate responsible for toughness and hardness of porcelain which form in high-temperature bodies
Stoneware glazes containing iron which produce green, grey and grey-blue colours in reduction firing/originated in China (also called greenware)
Archaic synonym for potter
Coating that has been matured to the glassy state on a formed ceramic article, or the material or mixture from which the coating is made
Historic or prehistoric fragment of pottery, although the term is occasionally used to refer to fragments of stone and glass vessels, as well
Secondary clay moved from parent rock/mixed w/other clays, minerals, & organic matter/high plasticity & dry strength
Period during a firing cycle when a constant temperature is maintained
Process in which the joining surfaces of clay and glaze interact during firing ending in a thin combined layer of the two
Lines marked around circular ceramic utensils, plates, jars, or lids using any method of decoration/applied at all stages of manufacture
Material used to form body of a piece of pottery
Natural gums used as binders to enable the glaze to adhere better to the body
Process in quartz that causes dunting
Method of joining together two pieces of dry or leather-hard clay with a slip
Pottery created by low temperature firing
Firing cycle in a kiln to the temperature at which the glaze materials will melt to form a glasslike surface coating
Faults in the surface of a ceramic body or glaze which resemble pin pricks
Vitreous, translucent pottery made from a body of the following approximate composition: 45-50% calcined bone, 20-25% kaolin & 25-30% china stone
Removal of entrapped air from a mass or slurry, often by the application of a vacuum
Aqueous suspension of clay and water
Devices that are used to gauge heatwork during the firing of ceramic materials/used in set of 3/give visual indication of maturity/Seger, Orton, & Staffordshire are brands
Permanent swelling of ceramic article during firing caused by evolution of gases
All fired ceramic wares or materials which, when shaped, contain a significant amount of clay except technical, structural, & refractory products
Supports, often in the shape of a tripod, used to maintain the shape and separate pieces of ceramic during the firing process
Lidded or covered ceramic box used to protect wares from direct flame, smoke, fuel-ash or cinders during firing
Relatively highly fired vitreous or semivitreous ceramic material/traditionally made primarily from nonrefractory fire clay
Inorganic, nonmetallic, solid material comprising metal, nonmetal or metalloid atoms primarily held in ionic and covalent bonds/normally good insulators/from Greek for 'pottery'
Process by which clay materials bond to become dense and nonabsorbent after firing
applying a glaze to an unfired ware and firing both in a 'Once-firing'
Common oxide in glazes and some clays that generally gives a reddish color
Firing in a low oxygen environment
First firing prior to glazing and subsequent firing again
Furnace for the firing of ceramics

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