HCHS Literary Periods, Groups, and Movements

HCHS Literary Periods, Movements, and Groups

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3 different groups of 9 poets (including Kalidasa) from India under different emperors (legendary Vikramaditya, Mughal emperor Akbar & feudal lord Raja Krishnachandra)
1965-Present/David Antin, Charles Olson, John Cage/Deconstruction and Post-structuralism
Late 1800's radical literary group based in San Francisco/supported socialism & workers unions/included Jack London (The Iron Heel, The People of the Abyss, The War of the Classes)
Late 1800's French poets/rejected naturalism & realism/influenced by Poe/Charles Baudelaire, Jean Moréas, Rimbaud, Stéphane Mallarmé, Gérard de Nerval, Gustave Kahn
1945-1965 AD/Alan Ginsberg, John Kerouac, William Borroughs
Treats poem as object/emphasize sincerity & intelligence/Louis Zukofsky, Williams, Charles Reznikoff, George Oppen and Carl Rakosi, Basil Bunting
20th century Chinese poets/reacted against restriction during Cultural Revolution (1966-76)/Bei Dao, Gu Cheng, Duo Duo, Yang Lian
1850- Present/Sartre, Camus, Beckett
17th century English poets/inventive use of conceits/John Donne, George Herbert, Andrew Marvell, Abraham Cowley, Robert Southwell, Richard Crashaw, Thomas Traherne, Henry Vaughan
Early 20th century in US & England/favored precise imagery & clear, sharp language/Ezra Pound, Amy Lowell, William Carlos Williams, Hilda Doolittle (H.D.), Richard Aldington
1700-1800 AD/Benjamin Franklin, Diderot, Voltaire, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Rousseau/period of new religious and philosophical thinking
Early to mid 1900's/emphasized audience perspective & reaction/Verfremdungseffekt (estrangement or alienation effect)/Bertolt Brecht (Three Penny Opera), Erwin Piscator
1920's in NYC/Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Claude McKay, Helene Johnson, Zora Neale Hurston, Nella Larsen, Jean Toomer
1830-1860 AD/Henry David Thoreau, Raplh Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller/believed that society and its institutions ultimately corrupted the purity of the individual
1820-1920 AD/Flaubert, Honoré de Balzac, Ivan Turgenev/focus on the real details and aspects of life
Absurdist plays from late 1950's European playwrights/Franz Kafka, Luigi Pirandello, Albert Camus, Eugène Ionesco, Samuel Beckett, Harold Pinter, Edward Albee, Tom Robbins
Literature based upon philosophy of Ayn Rand/Ayn Rand, Nathaniel Branden, Barbara Branden, Alan Greenspan, Leonard Peikoff
Informal group of friends including Swift, Pope, John Gay, John Arbuthnot, Henry St. John, & Thomas Parnell/The Memoirs of Martinus Scriblerus
School of 17th century English poets including Ben Jonson, Robert Herrick, Richard Lovelace, Thomas Carew, and Sir John Suckling
French literary movement in 1800's/after Romanticism & before Symbolism/influenced by Théophile Gautier as well as by the philosophical ideas of Arthur Schopenhauer
Group of American poets including Longfellow, Holmes, Bryant, Lowell, and Whittier
1798-1870 AD/Willliam Wordsworth, Mary Shelley, Lord Byron, Herman Melville, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Walt Whitman/ Focus on emotion, nature, feelings, and imagination
Tries to integrate confused realms of imagination & reality/Lautréamont, Arthur Rimbaud, Raymond Roussel, André Breton, Salvador Dalí, Robert Desnos, Michel Leiris, Benjamin Per
1837-1901 AD/Bronte Sisters, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Dostoevsky, George Eliot
1910-1965 AD/Franz Kafka, T.S. Eliot, Fitzgerald, Williamd Butler Yeats, Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner
500-1500 AD/Beowulf, The Song of Roland, Chaucer (Canterbury Tales), The Story of Volsungs
1903-1964 AD/Virginia Woolf, John Maynard Keynes, EM Forster, Lytton Strachey/associated w/Cambridge & King's College London
16th-century French Renaissance poets/Ronsard, du Bellay, de Baif
1500-1670 AD/Shakespeare, Edmund Spenser, John Milton/rebirth of classic literature, focus on human potential
1870-1920 AD/Emile Zola, Edith Wharton, Stephen Crane
1st half of 1800's/group of poets living in the ______ District of England/includes William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Robert Southey, & Thomas De Quincey

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