Language Quiz / HCHS Linguistics Terms

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Can you name the HCHS Linguistics Terms?

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A dialect of a language that is considered inferor to another variety because of social prestige or condition/contrasted with a superstratum
the study of words, how they are formed, and their relationship to other words in the same language
Smallest unit of sound
a pure vowel sound, one whose articulation at both beginning and end is relatively fixed
also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable
the inflection of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and articles to indicate number, case, and gender
Types include nominative, genitive, accusative, and dative/reflects the grammatical function performed by a noun, pronoun, adjective, participle or numeral
the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge
Instance of changing language or dialect when speaking about a certain subject or to certain people
Smallest unit of meaning
the study of meaning in language, programming, and philosophy
Noam Chomsky/genetic influence on langauge/not the prescriptive or descriptive varieties/humans have ability to acquire language properties (nouns, verbs, and other components)
the study of the history of words, their origins, and how their form and meaning have changed over time
Noam Chomsky/postulates that every human has the genetic ability to learn and produce language
a word or other form that does not exist in some language but which would be permitted by the grammatical rules of the language

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