Science Quiz / HCHS Hormones by Function

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Can you name the hormones by function?

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FunctionHormoneType
Retains water in the kidneys/constricts blood vesselsPeptide
Neurotransmitter that increases heart rate, bronchodilation (air flow), glycogenolysis/used medically for anaphylaxis, cardiac arrest, asthma, & croupCatecholamine
Stimulates growth and cell reproductionPeptide
Decrease in appetite and increase in metabolismPeptide
Inactive form of vitamin D3Steroid
Constructs bone/reduces blood calcium levelsPeptide
Growth of muscle mass & bone density, maturation of sex organs, deepening of voice, beard growthSteroid
Monoamine neurotransmitter/5-hydroxytryptamine/90% found in enterochromaffin cells in GI tract/regulates mood, appetite, sleep, & blood clotting/also in fungi, plants, insect venomTryptophan derivative
Accelerates growth, accelerates metabolism,reduces muscle mass, increases HDL & lowers LDL cholesterolSteroid
Produced in pineal gland in animals & regulates sleep & wakefulness (entrainment of Circadian rhythms)/used to treat insomnia/in plants defends against oxidative stressTryptophan derivative
Females: stimulates maturation of Graafian follicles in ovary/Males: spermatogenesisPeptide
Also called anti-diuretic/hormone (ADH)/retains water in body & constricts blood vessels/also arginine form called AVPPeptide
Produces plateletsPeptide
Supports pregnancy, inhibits immune response toward embryo, inhibits milk production, anti-inflammatory, prevents endometrial cancer by regulating effects of estrogenSteroid
FunctionHormoneType
Inhibits immune response towards human embryoPeptide
Modulation and inhibition of action potentials in neuronsPeptide
Increases blood calcium levels/decreases blood phosphate levelsPeptide
Increases blood volume by reabsorption of sodium in kidneysSteroid
Class of endogenous opoid neuropeptides found in animals/inhibits pain & can create feeling of eupohoria/morphine-like substance originating within bodyPeptide
Release of breast milk and sexual functionPeptide
Milk production and sexual gratification after sexual actsPeptide
Neurotransmitter that plays role in reward-motivated behavior/dysfunction is related to Parkinson's, ADHD, and Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)Catecholamine
Active form of vitamin D3, increases absorption of calcium and phosphate form gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, inhibits release of PTHSteroid
Stimulation of fat breakdown, anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressiveSteroid
Regulates painPeptide
Intake of glucosePeptide
Stimulates appetitePeptide

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