History Quiz / HCHS History of Mexico (Basic)

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Can you answer the following questions about the history of Mexico?

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DescriptionAnswer
1867-1911/period of history when Mexico was ruled by Porfirio Diaz
Castle built in middle of namesake park in Mexico City/home of Maximilian I & Carlota/captured by US in Mex-American War/military cadets were killed by US troops (Los Niños Héroe
Liberal constitution drafted by Constituent Congress of Mexico during the presidency of Ignacio Comonfort/freedom of speech, conscience, press, assembly/right to bear arms
Mexican political party founded in 1929 that ruled for 71 years/Nieto is member of this party
Mexican holiday based on Pre-Columbian religious rituals celebrating deaths of ancestors
1847-1901/revolt of native Maya people of Yucatán, Mexico against the European-descended population, called Yucatecos
Pres 2018-present/left PRD party in 2012/founded MORENA party/represented Juntos Haremos Historia coalition in 2018 election
Pres 2006-2012/second PAN pres after Fox/ignited Mexican Drug War/left PAN in 2018 to start his own party
Killing of 30 to 300 students & civilians by military & police on October 2, 1968 in Plaza de las Tres Culturas in Mexico City/part of Dirty War/10 days before Olympics
Year Mexico City hosted the Summer Olympics
Pres 1833-55/called Napoleon of the West/Mexican criollo general/attacked Alamo/lost at San Jacinto/defeated in Mex-American War/overthrown in Revolution of Ayutla (1854)
Emperor 1864-67/only monarch of Second Mexican Empire/younger brother of Austrian Francis Joseph I/offered Mex throne by Napoleon III/defeated & executed by Juarez w/US aid
1765-1815/Catholic priest/led Mexican War of Independence after death of Hidalgo/strong military leader/installed Congress of Anáhuac/Sentiments of the Nation/executed by Spanish
1840-1927/wife of Maximilian I/Belgian princess/went insane after returning to Europe to seek aid
1910-1920/armed struggle that transformed Mexican culture & govt/followed rule of Porfirio Diaz/led to his fall & installation of Francisco Madero as President
Mexican political party founded in 1939/Vicente Fox became first non-PRI president in 2000 w/this party/conservative party
Pres 1877-1911/Mexican general/7 terms as Pres/brought stability after chaos/civil repression & economic stagnation/defeated in Mexican Rev by Madero/died in exile in France
Pres 1858-72/Zapotec lawyer from Oaxaca/5 terms as Pres (1st Indian pres)/resisted French occupation & overthrew 2nd Mexican Empire/restored Republic & modernized nation
1753-1811/Catholic priest/leader of Mexican War of Independence/Cry of Dolores speech/his 100,000 troops defeated at Battle of Calderón Bridge by 6000 Spaniards/captured & execute
Pres 1917-20/known as the 'Primer Jefe' or 'First Chief' of the Constitutionalists/defeated Huerta in Mexican Revolution
Year the Mexican Revolution began
Large estate or plantation with a dwelling house in Mexico
1810-1821/armed conflict that ended rule of Spain over New Spain/started by Miguel Hidalgo in Cry of Dolores speech/victory under Iturbide
1846-1848/armed struggle between Mexico & US/fought over 1845 TX annexation/Gen Winfield Scott captured Mexico City from Veracruz/initial invasion by Gen Zachary Taylor
DescriptionAnswer
Pres (1821)/Emperor (1822-23)/general who took Mexico City & achieved Mexican independence (1821)/designed 1st Mexican flag/known as Augustine of Mexico/made alliance w/Guerrero
Title of Spanish rulers who exercised authority in colonies on behalf of Spain
Mexican political party founded from PRI members after 1988 voter fraud/social democratics
24 Feb 1821 proclamation by Iturbide & Guerrero that independent Mexico would be Catholic w/constitutional monarchy & equality between Peninsulares & Creoles/also 3 Guarantees
Indigenous Indian peoples of Mexico in regions of Oaxaca, Guerrero, & Puebla/took control of Monte Albán from Zapotecs/led by 8-Deer-Jaguar-Claw in 11th century/conquered by Spain
Founded in 1521 by decree of Charles I of Spain/1st university founded in North America/2nd in Americas behind University of San Marcos in Lima, Peru (also 1521)
1879-1919/leader of peasant revolution in Morelos in Mex Revolution/defeated Diaz's troops at Battle of Cuautla/beat Huerta/broke w/Carranza/namesake guerrilla soldiers/agrarian
Mexican cowboys
Franciscan priest working under the Spanish in California/founded missions at Monterrey, San Diego, & San Francisco among others/named a saint by Pope Francis in 2015
Locally born people (in New World) of Spanish ancestry in the colonial caste system
Mexican theater of Cold War/internal conflict between Mexican PRI-ruled govt (backed by US) & leftist students and guerrilla groups in 1960's & 70's/brutal repression by govt
Speech by Miguel Hidalgo on September 16, 1810 that began Mexican War of Independence/celebrated as Mexican Independence Day since 1825
Pres 2012-2018/member of PRI party/Gov of state of Mexico/broke up monopolies, liberalized energy sector/criticized for escape of El Chapo
Current Constitution of Mexico/approved during Mexican Revolution
Pres 2000-2006/member of PAN party/1st non-PRI Pres in history/ran as right-wing populist
1878-1923/Mex Revolution leader in North/Governor of Chihuahua/defeated Huerta/served Carranza/then allied w/Zapata against him/chased by Pershing after Battle of Columbus (1916)
Celebration of Mexican Army victory over French invasion forces at Battle of Puebla (1862)/Gen Zaragoza won/French later returned & occupied Mexico City
Military unit mostly made up of US Army deserters that fought for Mexico in Mex-American War/mostly Catholic European immigrants/heroes in Mexico & Ireland/executed at Chapultapec
Pres 1911-13/Mexican president who challenged Diaz/lost rigged election/led to Mexican Revolution/Pres from 1911-1913 when assassinated by Huerta in coup
Refers to Spanish-born Spaniard residing in the New World or the Spanish East Indies in the colonial caste system
Pres 1913-14/Mexican general under Diaz/became officer under Madero/led coup (Ten Tragic Days)/deposed & executed Madero/fled to Europe after 17 months as President/The Jackal
30 June, 1520/Cortes, army of conquistadors & Indian allies fought their way out of Tenochtitlan after death of Moctezuma/400-800 Spaniards & 2000-4000 Indians killed or captured
Member or supporter of a Mexican revolutionary force working for social and agrarian reforms/launched a popular uprising in the state of Chiapas in 1994

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Created Dec 19, 2019ReportNominate
Tags:description, Mexico

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