Science Quiz / HCHS/HCMS Symbiotic Relationships

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Can you name the symbiotic relationships by description?

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DescriptionRelationshipExamples
Non-mutual interaction in which one species benefits at the expense of the otherTicks, tapeworms, barnacles
Organism that may resort to parasitic activity, but does not absolutely rely on any host for completion of its life cycleMany fungi (especially genus Armillaria), candida, Naegleria fowleri (amoeba), acanthamoeba
General term for an interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association, typically to the advantage of both
Interaction in which both the host and guest organisms benefit from the relationship in some wayOxpecker & zebra (or rhino)/bee & flower/human & bacteria (in the gut)/spider crab & algae
Parasites that cannot be seen with the naked eye such as bacteria, viruses, or protozoans
Interaction in which one organism is inhibited or destroyed and the other is unaffected/has competition & antibiosis modesBlack walnut tree secretes juglone killing other plants' roots/bread mold produces penicillin which kills other bacteria
Parasite, such as a tapeworm, that lives inside its host
Parasites that can be seen with the naked eye such as ticks, mites, or helminths (parasitic worms)
Composite organism arising from algae or cyanobacteria living among fungus filaments in symbiotic relationship/combined life form has very different properties than components
Relationship between two organisms where one receives a benefit or benefits from the other and the other is not affected by itClownfish & anemones/epiphytes on trees/cattle egrets & cattle
Parasite, such as a flea, that lives on the outside of its host
Also called a holoparasite/organism that cannot complete its life-cycle without exploiting a suitable hostincludes all viruses, bacteria, plasmodium

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