Science Quiz / HCHS/HCMS Environmental Laws/Agreements

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Can you name the environmental laws or agreements?

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DescriptionLaw/AgreementYear
Streamlined and strengthened EPA's ability to prevent and respond to catastrophic oil spills/requires oil companies to submit response plans for potential spills1990
International agreement committing nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions1997/2005
Amended FIFRA/new safety standard-reasonable certainty of no harm-that must be applied to all pesticides used on foods1996
Established Superfund to provide money to clean up abandoned hazardous waste sites/both short & long term actions but only in sites on EPA's National Priorities List (NPL)1980
Gave EPA authority to control hazardous waste from 'cradle-to-grave' (i.e. from its generation to its disposal)/only addresses active & future facilities, not abandoned ones1976
Amended CERCLA/increased state involvement in Superfund & increased size of fund/more focus on human health problems1986
Also known as Title III of SARA/was to help local communities protect public health, safety, & environment from chemical hazards/required each state to create planning teams1986
Provides program for conservation of threatened & endangered plants & animals & their habitats/EPA can restrict or eliminate use of pesticides under this law1973
Divides US into air quality regions/sets goals for concentrations of pollutants in air/regulates air emissions/1990 amendments address acid rain, ozone, & air toxics1955
DescriptionLaw/AgreementYear
Required environmental assessments & impact statements for any developments on public lands (i.e. building an airport)1970
Gave EPA authority to track 75,000 industrial chemicals used in US/can ban those it deems to pose unreasonable risk1976
Set up basic US system of pesticide regulation to protect applicators, consumers, and the environment/provided federal control of pesticide distribution, sale, & use1910
International agreement attempting to stop increase in greenhouse gas concentrations/no enforcement mechanism/no binding limit on individual nations 1992/1994
Attempts to reduce pollution thru changes in production, operation, and raw materials use/includes efforts to increase efficiency such as recycling & sustainable agriculture1970
Requires employers to provide safe working environment for workers (i.e. no exposure to toxic chemicals, unsanitary conditions,...)1970
Regulates discharge of pollutants into water/originally funded construction of sewage treatment plants1948
Protects quality of drinking water both from above ground & underground sources/EPA sets standards of purity for all public water systems1974

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