Science Quiz / HCHS Functional Groups(Extreme)

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Can you name the functional groups?

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FormulaFunctional GroupExtra Info
R-OHAlcohols
CnH(2n+2)
R-NH2/R2-NH/R3-NDerivatives of ammonia including amino acids (has fishy smell)
R-CO-H
Non-aromatic compounds in which carbon atoms can form straight chains, branched chains, or non-aromatic (acyclic) rings/can be saturated or unsaturated/are usually flammable
RCO(-)/derived by removal of one or more hydroxyl groups from an oxoacid/contains carbonyl group & alkyl group
Neutral dipolar molecule containing formally negatively charged atom (carbanion) directly attached to heteroatom with formal positive charge/subclass of zwitterions
Cyclic ether with a three-atom ring that approximates an equilateral triangle/strained & highly reactive/often volatileReacted w/amines as basis for formation of epoxy glues & structural materials
R-C4H9Contains 4 carbons
Molecules defined by a Carbon-Halogen bond
CnH(2n)
R-O-R'
R-SHUsed as odorant in natural gas
CH3Contains 1 carbon
C6H5CH2(-)/benzene ring attached to a CH2 group
R-CH2CH3Contains 2 carbons
Cyclic (ring structure) with formula C6H5/6-carbon ring w/H attached to each carbon and substituent attached to final carbon
FormulaFunctional GroupExtra Info
C6H6 ring/colorless highly flammable liquid w/sweet smell/in gasoline/discovered by Faraday/structure identified by Kekulé who claimed to have day-dream of snake eating its tailCompound/not functional group
In organic chemistry this term describes any atom that is not carbon or hydrogen/any atom in the ring of a cyclic compound other than carbon
R-CO-R' (specifically when R & R' both contain a carbon)
CnH(2n-2)
R-CO-R'Ketones & Aldehydes
N3(-) anion used as a propellant in air bags
CnHnForms ring structure of unsaturated bonds, lone pairs, or empty orbitals
Alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of alkene double bond
Also known as carbolic acid/aromatic 6 carbon ring/C6H5OH/phenyl group bonded to hydroxyl group/1st extracted from coal tar/now produced from petroleum
R-CO(OH)Carboxylic Acid
R-C3H7Contains 3 carbons
R-COOC-R'These groups have pleasant odors
Molecule containing a neutral carbon atom with a valence of two and two unshared valence electrons
R-N=N-R' (in cis & trans varieties & can be changed by photoisomerization)Use in dyes & pigments to color most textile and leather articles
R-PO4
2 acyl groups bound to a nitrogen/components of high strength polymers

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