Science Quiz / HCHS Functional Groups(Extreme)

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QUIZ: Can you name the functional groups?

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FormulaFunctional GroupExtra Info
Alkene (olefin) with a hydroxyl group attached to one end of alkene double bond
R-N=N-R' (in cis & trans varieties & can be changed by photoisomerization)Use in dyes & pigments to color most textile and leather articles
R-C4H9Contains 4 carbons
C6H5CH2(-)/benzene ring attached to a CH2 group
R-COOC-R'These groups have pleasant odors
N3(-) anion used as a propellant in air bags
Molecules defined by a Carbon-Halogen bond
Also known as carbolic acid/aromatic 6 carbon ring/C6H5OH/phenyl group bonded to hydroxyl group/1st extracted from coal tar/now produced from petroleum
CH3Contains 1 carbon
RCO(-)/derived by removal of one or more hydroxyl groups from an oxoacid/contains carbonyl group & alkyl group
Cyclic ether with a three-atom ring that approximates an equilateral triangle/strained & highly reactive/often volatileReacted w/amines as basis for formation of epoxy glues & structural materials
CnHnForms ring structure of unsaturated bonds, lone pairs, or empty orbitals
R-CO-R' (specifically when R & R' both contain a carbon)
FormulaFunctional GroupExtra Info
Molecule containing a neutral carbon atom with a valence of two and two unshared valence electrons
Functional group or compound containing a carbon–nitrogen double bond/if nitrogen is not bonded to hydrogen atom then it can be called a Schiff base
R-CO-R'Ketones & Aldehydes
R-CO(OH)Carboxylic Acid
Non-aromatic compounds in which carbon atoms can form straight chains, branched chains, or non-aromatic (acyclic) rings/can be saturated or unsaturated/are usually flammable
In organic chemistry this term describes any atom that is not carbon or hydrogen/any atom in the ring of a cyclic compound other than carbon
2 acyl groups bound to a nitrogen/components of high strength polymers
Cyclic (ring structure) with formula C6H5/6-carbon ring w/H attached to each carbon and substituent attached to final carbon
Neutral dipolar molecule containing formally negatively charged atom (carbanion) directly attached to heteroatom with formal positive charge/subclass of zwitterions
R-CH2CH3Contains 2 carbons
R-NH2/R2-NH/R3-NDerivatives of ammonia including amino acids (has fishy smell)
C6H6 ring/colorless highly flammable liquid w/sweet smell/in gasoline/discovered by Faraday/structure identified by Kekulé who claimed to have day-dream of snake eating its tailCompound/not functional group
R-SHUsed as odorant in natural gas
R-C3H7Contains 3 carbons

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