Science Quiz / HCHS/HCMS Scientists by Famous Experiments (Basic)

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DescriptionScientist
Disproved the theory of luminiferous aether as a carrier of light/compared speed of light in perpendicular directions/led to special relativity
Performed Ice Pail experiment/demonstrated effect of electrostatic induction on a conducting container/showed principles of electromagnetic shielding
Used a torsion balance to determine the density of earth which led to calculation of gravitational constant (G = 6.67 E-11) and mass of earth
Double slit experiment where light source illuminates a plate pierced by two parallel plates that showed light behaves as both a particle and wave (wave-particle duality)
Oil drop experiment to determine the charge of an electron and its occurance as quanta (whole units)
Experiment that stimulated the conditions of early earth/Used CH4, NH3, H2, and H2O/produced over 20 amino acids/later criticized for wrong mixture of gases
Discovered electron using cathode ray tubes/invented mass spectrometer
Directed beam of electrons at piece of nickel & to observe electrons bouncing off/accidently discovered electron diffraction/confirmed De Broglie hypothesis & wave-particle duality
Demonstrated that penicillin kills bacteria on moldy bread
Used namesake pendulum to demonstrate Coriolis effect and rotation (precession) of earth
Also known as Geiger-Marsden experiments since they worked under direction of _____________ /determined the existence of nucleus of the atom, named proton
Thought experiment in which a cat may be both alive and dead used to interpret quantum mechanics
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